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Oromo language information

Afaan Oromoo
Native toEthiopia, Kenya[1]
Native speakers
37,400,000 (all countries) (2018)[2]
36,600,000 in Ethiopia, 627,000 in Kenya,[3] 41,600 in Somalia (2015 census)[1]
Language family
  • Cushitic
    • Lowland East Cushitic
      • Oromoid
        • Oromo
Writing system
Latin (Qubee, Oromo alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
Oromo language Ethiopia[4]
Recognised minority
language in
Oromo language Kenya
Language codes
ISO 639-1om
ISO 639-2orm
ISO 639-3orm – inclusive code
Individual codes:
gax – Borana–Arsi–Guji–Wallaggaa-Shawaa Oromo
hae – Eastern Oromo
orc – Orma
gaz – West Central Oromo
ssn – Waata
Map of the Oromo language.svg
Areas in East Africa where Oromo is spoken
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Oromo (/ˈɒrəm/[5] or /ɔːˈrm/;[6][7] Oromo: Afaan Oromoo), is an Afroasiatic language that belongs to the Cushitic branch. It is native to the Ethiopian state of Oromia and spoken predominantly by the Oromo people and neighbouring ethnic groups in the Horn of Africa. It is used as a lingua franca particularly in Ethiopia and northeastern Kenya.[8][9][10]

With more than 36 million speakers[11] making up 33.8% of the total Ethiopian population,[12] Oromo has the largest number of native speakers in Ethiopia, and ranks as the second most widely spoken language in Ethiopia by total number of speakers (including second-language speakers) following Amharic.[13] Forms of Oromo are spoken as a first language by an additional half-million people in parts of northern and eastern Kenya.[14] It is also spoken by smaller numbers of emigrants in other African countries such as South Africa, Libya, Egypt and Sudan. Oromo is the most widely spoken Cushitic language and among the five languages of Africa with the largest mother-tongue populations.[15]

Oromo serves as one of the official working languages of Ethiopia[4] and is also the working language of several of the states within the Ethiopian federal system including Oromia,[12] Harari and Dire Dawa regional states and of the Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region. It is a language of primary education in Oromia, Harari, Dire Dawa, Benishangul-Gumuz and Addis Ababa and of the Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region. It is used as an internet language for federal websites along with Tigrinya.[16][17] Under Haile Selassie's regime, Oromo was banned in education, in conversation, and in administrative matters.[18][19][20]

  1. ^ a b Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2021). Oromo. Ethnologue: Languages of the World (Eighteenth ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  2. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2021). Ethiopia. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
  3. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2021). Borana. Ethnologue: Languages of the World (Eighteenth ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b Shaban, Abdurahman (2020-03-04). "One to Five: Ethiopia Gets Four New Federal Working Languages". Africa News.
  5. ^ Bauer, Laurie (2007). The Linguistics Student's Handbook. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-2759-2.
  6. ^ "Oromo". Dictionary Reference.
  7. ^ "Oromo".
  8. ^ Bulcha, Merkuria (1997). "The Politics of Linguistic Homogenization in Ethiopia and the Conflict over the Status of Afaan Oromoo". African Affairs. 96 (384): 325–352. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a007852. JSTOR 723182.
  9. ^ "Oromo (Afaan Oromo, Oromiffa, Oromoo)". Language Centre Resources. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Oromo Language". MustGo. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Ethiopia". Ethnologue. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Ethiopia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 6 June 2022.
  13. ^ "Amharic". Ethnologue.
  14. ^ "Oromo". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 2016-08-25. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
  15. ^ "Children's Books Breathe New Life Into Oromo Language". BBC. 16 February 2016.
  16. ^ "".
  17. ^ "ቤት | FMOH".
  18. ^ Davey, Melissa (2016-02-13). "Oromo Children's Books Keep Once-Banned Ethiopian Language Alive". The Guardian. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
  19. ^ "Oromo" (PDF) (Brochure). National African Language Resource Center (NALRC).
  20. ^ "Ethiopians: Amhara and Oromo". International Institute of Minnesota.

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Oromo language

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Oromo (/ˈɒrəmoʊ/ or /ɔːˈroʊmoʊ/; Oromo: Afaan Oromoo), is an Afroasiatic language that belongs to the Cushitic branch. It is native to the Ethiopian state...

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Oromo people

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The Oromo (pron. /ˈɒrəmoʊ/ Oromo: Oromoo) are a Cushitic ethnic group mostly native to the Oromia region of Ethiopia who speak the Oromo language (also...

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Southern Oromo language

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Orma and Waata.[citation needed] The language is locally and commonly known as Afaan Oromoo("Oromo language"). "Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji". Ethnologue. Retrieved...

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Oromo conflict

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The Oromo conflict is a protracted conflict between the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and the Ethiopian government. The Oromo Liberation Front formed to...

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Salale Oromo people Welega Oromo people Tulama Oromo people Wollo Oromo people Yejju Oromo tribe Oromo language Eastern Oromo language Southern Oromo language...

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Oromo Liberation Army

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The Oromo Liberation Army (OLA; Oromo: Waraana Bilisummaa Oromoo, WBO) is an armed opposition group active in Ethiopia. The OLA consist primarily of former...

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Languages of Ethiopia

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Cushitic Omo-Tana Arbore language Baiso language Daasanach language (also in Kenya) Oromoid Konso language Dirasha language Oromo language (also in Kenya) Transversal...

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Oromia (Oromo: Oromiyaa) is a regional state in Ethiopia and the homeland of the Oromo people. The capital city of the State of Oromia is Addis Ababa,...

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Eastern Oromo language

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Eastern Oromo is a form of Oromo language spoken in the East Hararghe Zone, West Hararghe Zone and northern Bale Zone of the Oromia Region of Ethiopia...

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Oromo Liberation Front

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The Oromo Liberation Front (Oromo: Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo, abbreviated: ABO; English abbreviation: OLF) is nationalist organisation formed in 1973 to...

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holiday celebrating the end of the winter in Oromia Region, Ethiopia. The Oromo people celebrate Irreecha to thank Waaqa (God) for the blessings and mercies...

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the Cushitic languages of both the Oromo people and Somali people in the Horn of Africa. The word still means God in present Oromo language. Some traditions...

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List of Oromo people

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This is a list of notable Oromo people. Ali Birra – Artist Bakri Sapalo – Historian and Artist Boonaa Mohammed – poetry Hachalu Hundessa – Singer-songwriter...

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Oromo Democratic Party

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The Oromo Democratic Party (Oromo: Paartii Demokraatawaa Oromoo, ODP) was a political party in Ethiopia, and part of the alliance with the Amhara National...

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Hachalu Hundessa

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Hachalu Hundessa (Oromo: Haacaaluu Hundeessaa Boonsaa; Amharic: ሃጫሉ ሁንዴሳ; 1986 – 29 June 2020) was an Ethiopian singer, songwriter, and civil rights activist...

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Dibaba is an Oromo name. Notable people with the surname include: Tirunesh Dibaba, Ethiopian long-distance runner who has achieved multiple Olympic and...

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Yejju Oromo dynasty of the Wara Sheh, such as Ras Gugsa of Yejju. Prior to the Zemene Mesafint, Emperor Iyoas I had introduced the Oromo language (Afaan...

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Orma language

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Orma is a variety of the Oromo language spoken by the Orma people in Kenya. It is a dialect of Southern Oromo. Orma at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription...

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Zay language

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It is an endangered language, with speakers migrating to the mainland adopting the Oromo language, and increasing use of Oromo by the younger generations...

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Argobba language

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Today, many Argobba in the Harari Region are shifting to the Oromo language. The language is spoken in a number of pockets and has at least four regional...

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Cushitic languages

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were Oromo, Somali, Beja, Afar, Hadiyya, Kambaata, Saho, and Sidama. The Cushitic languages with the greatest number of total speakers are Oromo (37 million)...

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Oromo people in the Horn of Africa. The word Waaqeffanna derives from the word Waaqa, is the ancient name for the Creator in the Cushitic languages of...

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Oromia Media Network

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news. The majority of broadcasts are in one of the federal language of Ethiopia in Oromo with some programs in Amharic and English. It has studios located...

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Adama (Oromo: Adaamaa or Hadaamaa, Amharic: አዳማ), formerly Nazreth (Amharic: ናዝሬት), is a city in the central Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Located in the...

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Jawar Mohammed

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Jawar Mohammed (Oromo: Jawaar Mahammad; born 12 May 1986) is an Ethiopian political analyst and activist. One of the founders of the Oromia Media Network...

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Mohammed Hussein Al Amoudi

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This article contains special characters. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. Mohammed Hussein Ali Al-'Amoudi...

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Addis Ababa

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[adˈdis ˈabəba] (listen)), also known as Finfinne (lit. "natural spring" in Oromo), is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. It also serves as the seat...

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Gadaa (Oromo: Gadaa: spelling: Gadaa; literally: era) is the indigenous democratic system of governance used by the Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya...

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Ethiopia Habtemariam

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Ethiopia Habtemariam (Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ ሀብተማርያም, Oromo: Itoophiyaa Habtemaariyaam, Somali: Itoobiya Habtemariam) is currently the Chairman/CEO of Motown...

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Oromoid languages

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The Oromoid languages are a branch of Lowland East Cushitic languages that includes the most populous Cushitic language, Oromo, and the closely related...

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Raining cats and dogs

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raining cats and dogs in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The English-language idiom "raining cats and dogs or raining dogs and cats" is used to describe...

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Yejju Oromo people are a sub clan of the Barento branch of Oromo people. They are one of the northernmost communities of Oromo people residing in Ethiopia...

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List of tallest people

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meetira 2.25 dheeratu Nagawoo Jimaan walbaraa". BBC News Afaan Oromoo (in Oromo). Archived from the original on 17 January 2022. "Ten nejvyšší. Ivo z Rychtářova...

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Haile Selassie

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illiberal. Although some sources state that late during his regime the Oromo language was banned from education, public speaking and use in administration...

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Jagama Kello

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boxes, or other symbols instead of Ethiopic characters. Jagama Kello (Oromo: Jaagamaa Keelloo; Amharic: ጃጋማ ኬሎ; 29 January 1920 - 7 April 2017) was...

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Ambo University

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Ambo University (Amharic: አምቦ ዩኒቨርሲቲ; Oromo: Yunivarsiitii Amboo) is a national university in Ambo, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. It is approximately 119 kilometres...

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Prosperity Party

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The Prosperity Party (Amharic: ብልጽግና ፓርቲ, romanized: Bilits’igina Paritī; Oromo: Paartii Badhaadhiinaa) is a political party in Ethiopia that was established...

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Munyo language

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variety of the Oromo language spoken by the Munyoyaya of northeast Tana River County in Kenya. It is similar to the neighbouring Orma language and is regarded...

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Shewa (Amharic: ሸዋ; Arabic: شيوا, Oromo: Shawaa), formerly romanized as Shua, Shoa, Showa, Shuwa (Scioà in Italian), is a historical region of Ethiopia...

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Abiy Ahmed

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Abiy Ahmed Ali (Oromo: Abiyi Ahmed Alii; Amharic: አብይ አሕመድ ዐሊ; born 15 August 1976) is an Ethiopian politician who has been the 4th prime minister of...

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Mulatu Teshome

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or other symbols instead of Ethiopic characters. Mulatu Teshome Wirtu (Oromo: Mulaatuu Tashoome Wirtuu; Amharic: ሙላቱ ተሾመ ውርቱ; born 1957) is an Ethiopian...

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Kenenisa Bekele

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boxes, or other symbols instead of Ethiopic characters. Kenenisa Bekele (Oromo: Qananiisaa baqqalaa; Amharic: ቀነኒሳ በቀለ; born 13 June 1982) is an Ethiopian...

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different languages and ethnic groups. Ethiopians speak Afro-Asiatic languages (Semitic, Cushitic, and Omotic) and Nilo-Saharan languages. The Oromo, Amhara...

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Injera (Amharic: እንጀራ, romanized: ənǧära, [ɨndʒəra]; Oromo: Biddeena; Tigrinya: ጣይታ, romanized: ṭayta) is a sour fermented pancake-like flatbread with...

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Tilahun Gessesse

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Tilahun Gessesse was born to an Amhara father Gessesse Negusse, and an Oromo mother Gete Gurmu on 27 September 1940 in Addis Ababa. Tilahun attended...

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Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

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Amharic: ታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዳሴ ግድብ, romanized: Tālāqu ye-Ītyōppyā Hidāsē Gidib, Oromo: Hidha Haaromsaa Guddicha Itoophiyaa), formerly known as the Millennium...

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Crested porcupine

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porcospino or istrice In the Tigrinya language: ቅንፈዝ (qinfiz) In Amharic: jart In the Akan language: kotoko In the Oromo language: xadddee Amori, G. & De Smet...

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Oromia Broadcasting Network

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Oromo, one of the six official languages of Ethiopia. with some programs in Amharic, Afar, Somali, Kiswahili Arabic and English. Many prominent Oromo...

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Shashamane (Oromo: Shashamannee, Amharic: ሻሸመኔ) is a town in southern Ethiopia. Located in the Oromia Region with a 2007 Census population of 100,454...

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