This article needs additional citations for verification.(July 2021)
|Native to||Ethiopia, Kenya|
|37,400,000 (all countries) (2018)|
36,600,000 in Ethiopia, 627,000 in Kenya, 41,600 in Somalia (2015 census)
|Latin (Qubee, Oromo alphabet)|
Official language in
Areas in East Africa where Oromo is spoken
Oromo (// or //; Oromo: Afaan Oromoo), is an Afroasiatic language that belongs to the Cushitic branch. It is native to the Ethiopian state of Oromia and spoken predominantly by the Oromo people and neighbouring ethnic groups in the Horn of Africa. It is used as a lingua franca particularly in Ethiopia and northeastern Kenya.
With more than 36 million speakers making up 33.8% of the total Ethiopian population, Oromo has the largest number of native speakers in Ethiopia, and ranks as the second most widely spoken language in Ethiopia by total number of speakers (including second-language speakers) following Amharic. Forms of Oromo are spoken as a first language by an additional half-million people in parts of northern and eastern Kenya. It is also spoken by smaller numbers of emigrants in other African countries such as South Africa, Libya, Egypt and Sudan. Oromo is the most widely spoken Cushitic language and among the five languages of Africa with the largest mother-tongue populations.
Oromo serves as one of the official working languages of Ethiopia and is also the working language of several of the states within the Ethiopian federal system including Oromia, Harari and Dire Dawa regional states and of the Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region. It is a language of primary education in Oromia, Harari, Dire Dawa, Benishangul-Gumuz and Addis Ababa and of the Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region. It is used as an internet language for federal websites along with Tigrinya. Under Haile Selassie's regime, Oromo was banned in education, in conversation, and in administrative matters.
- Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2021). Oromo. Ethnologue: Languages of the World (Eighteenth ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
- Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2021). Ethiopia. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
- Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2021). Borana. Ethnologue: Languages of the World (Eighteenth ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
- Shaban, Abdurahman (2020-03-04). "One to Five: Ethiopia Gets Four New Federal Working Languages". Africa News.
- Bauer, Laurie (2007). The Linguistics Student's Handbook. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-2759-2.
- "Oromo". Dictionary Reference.
- "Oromo". TheFreeDictionary.com.
- Bulcha, Merkuria (1997). "The Politics of Linguistic Homogenization in Ethiopia and the Conflict over the Status of Afaan Oromoo". African Affairs. 96 (384): 325–352. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a007852. JSTOR 723182.
- "Oromo (Afaan Oromo, Oromiffa, Oromoo)". Language Centre Resources. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
- "Oromo Language". MustGo. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
- "Ethiopia". Ethnologue. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
- "Ethiopia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 6 June 2022.
- "Amharic". Ethnologue.
- "Oromo". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 2016-08-25. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Children's Books Breathe New Life Into Oromo Language". BBC. 16 February 2016.
- "mcit.gov.et". mcit.gov.et.
- "ቤት | FMOH". moh.gov.et.
- Davey, Melissa (2016-02-13). "Oromo Children's Books Keep Once-Banned Ethiopian Language Alive". The Guardian. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- "Oromo" (PDF) (Brochure). National African Language Resource Center (NALRC).
- "Ethiopians: Amhara and Oromo". International Institute of Minnesota.