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Nicosia information


Nicosia
Λευκωσία (Greek)
Lefkoşa  (Turkish)
Capital city
From upper left: Nicosia city skyline, Ledra Street at night, courtyard of Nicosian houses, Venetian walls of Nicosia, a Nicosian door in the old town, the Buyuk Han, a quiet neighbourhood in the old town, Venetian houses, Nicosia Christmas fair, Makariou Avenue at night
From upper left: Nicosia city skyline, Ledra Street at night, courtyard of Nicosian houses, Venetian walls of Nicosia, a Nicosian door in the old town, the Buyuk Han, a quiet neighbourhood in the old town, Venetian houses, Nicosia Christmas fair, Makariou Avenue at night
Flag of Nicosia
Official seal of Nicosia
Nicosia is located in Cyprus
Nicosia
Nicosia
Location of Nicosia in Cyprus
Nicosia is located in European Union
Nicosia
Nicosia
Nicosia (European Union)
Nicosia is located in Eastern Mediterranean
Nicosia
Nicosia
Nicosia (Eastern Mediterranean)
Nicosia is located in Asia
Nicosia
Nicosia
Nicosia (Asia)
Coordinates: 35°10′21″N 33°21′54″E / 35.17250°N 33.36500°E / 35.17250; 33.36500Coordinates: 35°10′21″N 33°21′54″E / 35.17250°N 33.36500°E / 35.17250; 33.36500
Claimed by
  • Cyprus Republic of Cyprus (internationally recognised)
  • Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus (the northern part, recognised only by Turkey)
Administered by 
•South
•North
  • Republic of Cyprus
  • Northern Cyprus (Recognised only by Turkey)
Cypriot DistrictNicosia
Government
 • Mayor of Nicosia MunicipalityConstantinos Yiorkadjis (Ind.)
 • Mayor of Nicosia Turkish MunicipalityMehmet Harmancı (TDP)
Area
 • Land51.06 km2 (19.71 sq mi)
Elevation
220 m (720 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1][2]
 • Capital city
  • South: 55,014
  • North: 61,378
 • Urban
  • South: 244,200
  • North: 82,539
 The south's urban includes the municipalities of Nicosia (south), Agios Dometios, Egkomi, Strovolos, Aglantzia, Lakatameia, Anthoupolis, Latsia and Yeri. The north's includes North Nicosia, Gönyeli, Gerolakkos and Kanli.
DemonymNicosian
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Post code
1010–1107
Area code+357 22
ISO 3166 codeCY-01
Website(Republic of Cyprus website-south)www.nicosia.org.cy
(Northern Cypriot website-north) www.lefkosabelediyesi.org

Nicosia (/ˌnɪkəˈsə/ NIK-ə-SEE; Greek: Λευκωσία, romanized: Lefkosía [lefkoˈsi.a]; Turkish: Lefkoşa [lefˈkoʃa]; Armenian: Նիկոսիա, romanized: Nikosia; Cypriot Arabic: Nikusiya[3][4]) is the largest city, capital, and seat of government of Cyprus. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.

According to Greek mythology, Nicosia (Lefkosia in Greek) was a siren, one of the daughters of Acheloos and Melpomene and its name translates as "White State" or city of White Gods.

Nicosia is the southeasternmost of all EU member states' capitals. It has been continuously inhabited for over 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the 10th century. The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities of Nicosia segregated into the south and north of the city respectively in early 1964, following the fighting of the Cyprus crisis of 1963–64 that broke out in the city. This separation became a militarised border between the Republic of Cyprus and Northern Cyprus after Turkey invaded the island of Cyprus in 1974, occupying the north of the island, including northern Nicosia. Today North Nicosia is the capital of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a state recognized only by Turkey.

Apart from its legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia has established itself as the island's financial capital and its main international business centre.[5] In 2018, Nicosia was the 32nd richest city in the world in relative purchasing power.[6]

  1. ^ "Population – Place of Residence, 2011". Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT). 17 April 2014. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014.
  2. ^ "KKTC 2011 Nüfus ve Konut Sayımı" [TRNC 2011 Population and Housing Census] (PDF) (in Turkish). TRNC State Planning Organization. 6 August 2013.
  3. ^ Dumper, Michael; Stanley, Bruce E. (2007). Cities of the Middle East and North Africa : a historical encyclopedia. ABC CLIO. p. 275. ISBN 978-1-57607-919-5. OCLC 912609090.
  4. ^ Borg, Alexander; Kaye, Alan S.; Daniels, Peter T. (1997). Phonologies of Asia and Africa: (including the Caucasus). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns. p. 228. ISBN 978-1-57506-507-6. OCLC 605125544.
  5. ^ Kempen, Ronald van; Vermeulen, Marcel; Baan, Ad (2005). Urban Issues and Urban Policies in the New EU Countries. Ashgate. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-7546-4511-5.
  6. ^ "World's richest cities by purchasing power". UBS. 2018. Archived from the original on 3 August 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.

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