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Names of Ho Chi Minh City information


A 1910 postcard showing the name "Saigon" (French: Saïgon), a westernized version of the Vietnamese Sài Gòn.

The city now known as Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh listen) has gone by several different names during its history, reflecting settlement by different ethnic, cultural and political groups. Originally known as Prey Nôkôr while a part of the Khmer Empire,[nb 1] it came to be dubbed Sài Gòn (listen) informally by Vietnamese settlers fleeing the Trịnh–Nguyễn War to the north. In time, control of the city and the area passed to the Vietnamese, who gave the city the name of Gia Định. This name remained until the time of French conquest in the 1860s, when the occupying force adopted the name Saïgon for the city, a westernized form of the traditional Vietnamese name.[1] The current name was given after the Fall of Saigon in 1975, and honors Hồ Chí Minh, the first leader of North Vietnam.[nb 2] Even today, however, the informal name of Sài Gòn remains in daily speech both domestically and internationally, especially among the Vietnamese diaspora and local southern Vietnamese.[2]


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  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference salkin-96-354 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Stanley D. Brunn; Jessica K. Graybill; Maureen Hays-Mitchell, eds. (2016). Cities of the world: regional patterns and urban environments (Sixth ed.). Lanham. p. 447. ISBN 978-1-4422-4916-5. OCLC 922034582.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)

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Names of Ho Chi Minh City

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instead of Khmer script. The city now known as Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh listen) has gone by several different names during its...

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Ho Chi Minh City FC

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Ho Chi Minh City Football Club (HCMC FC, Vietnamese: Câu lạc bộ bóng đá Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh), simply known as TP Hồ Chí Minh, and commonly known as TPHCM...

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Ho Chi Minh City

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Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC, Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh), commonly known as Saigon (Vietnamese: Sài Gòn), is the most populous city in Vietnam, with...

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Ho Chi Minh City Metro

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The Ho Chi Minh City Metro (HCMC Metro, Vietnamese: Đường sắt đô thị Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, lit. 'urban railway of the city of Ho Chi Minh') is a planned...

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Museum of Ho Chi Minh City

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Museum of Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Bảo tàng Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh), formerly known as Gia Long Palace (Vietnamese: Dinh Gia Long), is a historical...

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Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology

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The Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT; Vietnamese: Trường Đại học Bách khoa, Đại học Quốc gia Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) or VNU-HCM University...

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Municipal Theatre of Ho Chi Minh City

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The Municipal Theatre of Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Nhà hát Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, French: Théâtre municipal de Saïgon), also known as Saigon Opera...

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Ho Chi Minh City Television

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Ho Chi Minh City Television (HTV; Vietnamese: Đài Truyền hình Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) is a Vietnamese television network owned by the People's Committee...

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Ho Chi Minh

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Hồ Chí Minh (né Nguyễn Sinh Cung; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), colloquially known as Uncle Ho (Bác Hồ) or just Uncle (Bác), and by other aliases and...

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Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area

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Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area (Vietnamese: Vùng đô thị Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) is a metropolitan area that was in June 2008 proposed by the Ministry...

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Ho Chi Minh Thought

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Ho Chi Minh Thought (Vietnamese: Tư tưởng Hồ Chí Minh) is a political philosophy that builds upon Marxism–Leninism and the ideology of Vietnamese revolutionary...

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Ho Chi Minh City University of Science

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The Ho Chi Minh City University of Science (HCMUS; Vietnamese: Trường Đại học Khoa học Tự nhiên, Đại học Quốc gia Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; formerly known...

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Voice of Ho Chi Minh City

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Voice of Ho Chi Minh City (VOH, Vietnamese: Đài Tiếng nói Thành phó Hồ Chí Minh), more specifically the Voice of Ho Chi Minh City's People (Vietnamese:...

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Ho Chi Minh City Museum of History

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The Ho Chi Minh City Museum of History is located at 2 Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Formerly known as the...

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Ho Chi Minh City Medicine and Pharmacy University

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University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City is one university of medicine and pharmacy in Vietnam. It offers graduate and postgraduate education...

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Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City

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of Ho Chi Minh City (IUH), formerly known as Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (esquire: HUI) (Vietnamese: Trường Đại học Công nghiệp Thành phố Hồ Chí...

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List of districtual name etymologies of Ho Chi Minh City

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named. This article lists the etymologies of the names of districts and municipal city in Ho Chi Minh City. Peaceful, Flourishing and Harmonious Peacefully...

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Ho Chi Minh monument

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The Ho Chi Minh monument (Russian: памятник Хо Ши Мину) is a monument located in Akademichesky District, Moscow. It memorializes North Vietnamese president...

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International School Ho Chi Minh City

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The International School Ho Chi Minh City (ISHCMC) is the first International School in Ho Chi Minh City, and the first IB World School in Vietnam. ISHCMC...

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Ho Chi Minh City University of Architecture

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Ho Chi Minh City University of Architecture (Vietnamese: Đại học Kiến trúc Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh), is the flagship university in architecture, civil engineering...

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Ho Chi Minh City University of Economics and Finance

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The Ho Chi Minh City University of Economics and Finance (UEF) is a Vietnamese private university based in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Its main branch...

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Conservatory of Ho Chi Minh City

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Conservatory of Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Nhạc viện Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) is a conservatory located at 112, Nguyen Du Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...

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Ho Chi Minh City International University

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Ho Chi Minh City International University (HCMIU; Vietnamese: Trường Đại học Quốc tế, Đại học Quốc gia Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh), or VNU-HCM International...

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List of tallest buildings in Ho Chi Minh City

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This list of tallest buildings in Ho Chi Minh City ranks skyscrapers in the Vietnam second-largest city of Ho Chi Minh City by height. List of completed...

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Ho Chi Minh trail

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The Ho Chi Minh Trail (Vietnamese: Đường mòn Hồ Chí Minh), also called Annamite Range Trail (Vietnamese: Đường Trường Sơn) was a logistical network of roads...

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Ho Chi Minh City Open University

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Ho Chi Minh City Open University (Vietnamese: Đại học Mở Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) is a public university located in District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...

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Tan Son Nhat International Airport

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passengers in 2023. It serves Ho Chi Minh City as well as the rest of southeastern Vietnam. As of April 2023, it had a total capacity of only 28 million passengers...

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