Global Information Lookup Global Information

Mersa Matruh information

Coordinates: 31°21′N 27°14′E / 31.350°N 27.233°E / 31.350; 27.233

Mersa Matruh
مرسى مطروح
Marsā Maṭrūḥ
Cleopatra Bath, Marsa Matrouh (3).jpg
Marsa Matruh, Qism Moursy Matrouh, Matrouh Governorate, Egypt - panoramio.jpg
From the watch tower - panoramio.jpg
Matroh City.jpg
Marsa Matrouh city in Egypt on the northern coast of the Mediterranean 06.JPG
Cleopatra beach - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Mersa Matruh
Official seal of Mersa Matruh
Mersa Matruh is located in Egypt
Mersa Matruh
Mersa Matruh
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°20′N 27°13′E / 31.333°N 27.217°E / 31.333; 27.217
100 ft (30 m)
 • City68,339
 • Metro
 • Ethnicities
Egyptians Bedouins & Egyptian-Libyans.
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)
Area code(+20) 46

Mersa Matruh (Arabic: مرسى مطروح, romanized: Marsā Maṭrūḥ, IPA: [ˈmæɾsæ mɑtˤˈɾuːħ]), also transliterated as Marsa Matruh, is a port in Egypt and the capital of Matrouh Governorate. It is located 240 km (150 mi) west of Alexandria and 222 km (138 mi) east of Sallum on the main highway from the Nile Delta to the Libyan border. The city is also accessible from the south via another highway running through the Western Desert towards Siwa Oasis and Bahariya Oasis.

In ancient Egypt and during the reign of Alexander the Great, the city was known as Amunia. In the Ptolemaic Kingdom and later during the Byzantine Empire, it was known as Paraitónion (Koinē Greek: Παραιτόνιον). During the Roman Empire, it was called Paraetonium in Latin, which became al-Bāritūn (Arabic: البارتون) after the mid-7th century Muslim conquest of Egypt.[1] As a British military base during World War II, several battles were fought around its environs as the German Afrika Korps attempted to capture the port. It fell to the Germans during the Battle of Mersa Matruh, but was recaptured following the Second Battle of El Alamein.

Mersa Matruh is served by Mersa Matruh International Airport. The city features soft white sand beaches and calm transparent waters; the bay is protected from the high seas by a series of rocks forming a natural breakwater, with a small opening to allow access for light vessels.

  1. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Paraetonium". Retrieved 2019-01-15.

and 37 Related for: Mersa Matruh information

Request time (Page generated in 0.2516 seconds.)

Mersa Matruh

Last Update:

31.350; 27.233 Mersa Matruh (Arabic: مرسى مطروح, romanized: Marsā Maṭrūḥ, IPA: [ˈmæɾsæ mɑtˤˈɾuːħ]), also transliterated as Marsa Matruh, is a port in Egypt...

Word Count : 932

Battle of Mersa Matruh

Last Update:

The Battle of Mersa Matruh was fought from 26 to 29 June 1942, following the defeat of the Eighth Army (General Sir Claude Auchinleck) at the Battle of...

Word Count : 4508

Marsa Matruh International Airport

Last Update:

Marsa Matruh International Airport, formerly Mersa Matruh Airport (Arabic: مطار مرسى مطروح الدولي) (IATA: MUH, ICAO: HEMM), is an international airport...

Word Count : 160

Matrouh Governorate

Last Update:

Muḥāfaẓat Maṭrūḥ) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in the north-western part of the country, it borders Libya. Its capital is Mersa Matruh. The...

Word Count : 485

First Battle of El Alamein

Last Update:

retreated east from the Gazala line into north-western Egypt as far as Mersa Matruh, roughly 160 km (100 mi) inside the border. Ritchie had decided not to...

Word Count : 8284

Western Desert campaign

Last Update:

The 7th Armoured Division, less the 7th Armoured Brigade, assembled at Mersa Matruh and sent the 7th Support Group forward towards the frontier as a covering...

Word Count : 12526

Second Battle of El Alamein

Last Update:

of the Rahman track, preparatory to turning north to cut the road at Mersa Matruh. Both moves failed, the 7th Armoured Division finished the day 20 mi...

Word Count : 14046

Italian invasion of Egypt

Last Update:

(7th Armoured Division) the main force remaining in the vicinity of Mersa Matruh, the principal British base in the Western Desert. On 16 September 1940...

Word Count : 7212


Last Update:

Governorate in Egypt Matruh, Yemen The Mediterranean harbor and naval port of Mersa Matruh in the Matrouh Governorate This disambiguation page lists articles about...

Word Count : 68

2nd New Zealand Division

Last Update:

into Egypt. The 2nd New Zealand Division was transported from Syria to Mersa Matruh. In the ensuing battle, the division's retreat was cut off on 27 June...

Word Count : 6361

List of cities and towns in Egypt

Last Update:

Maghagha Mallawi Manfalut Mansoura Mashtool El Souk Matai Menouf Marsa Alam Mersa Matruh Metoubes Minya Minyet El Nasr Mit Abu El Kom Mit Abu Ghaleb Mit Adlan...

Word Count : 559

El Raja SC

Last Update:

simply known as El Raja, is an Egyptian football and sports club based in Mersa Matruh, Egypt. The club currently plays in the Egyptian Second Division, the...

Word Count : 107


Last Update:

Egypt; the other wettest places are Rosetta, Baltim, Kafr el-Dawwar, and Mersa Matruh. The city's climate is influenced by the Mediterranean Sea, moderating...

Word Count : 9845

Erwin Rommel

Last Update:

hope to achieve. He pressed an attack on the heavily fortified town of Mersa Matruh, which Auchinleck had designated as the fall-back position, surrounding...

Word Count : 34353

North African campaign

Last Update:

screening forces to harass the advancing Italians, falling back towards Mersa Matruh, where the main British infantry force was based. Positioned on the desert...

Word Count : 5744

Operation Compass

Last Update:

(Lieutenant-General Richard O'Connor) with about 36,000 men, advanced from Mersa Matruh in Egypt on a five-day raid against the Italian positions of the 10th...

Word Count : 8273

Higher Technological Institute

Last Update:

branches: 10th of Ramadan City (Main Campus), 6th of October City Campus, Mersa Matruh Campus, and Al Minya Campus. Higher Technological Institute offers two...

Word Count : 528

Egyptian Air Force

Last Update:

Basur (Rafale EM/DM) 232 Tactical Fighter Wing 72sq – Mersa Matruh (F-16C/D) 74sq - Mersa Matruh (F-16C/D) 242 Tactical Fighter Wing 68sq – Aswan (F-16C/D)...

Word Count : 8936

Roald Dahl

Last Update:

in Egypt) to 80 Squadron's forward airstrip 30 miles (48 km) south of Mersa Matruh. On the final leg, he could not find the airstrip and, running low on...

Word Count : 12360

Operation Sonnenblume

Last Update:

from the 7th Armoured Division and did not engage the main force around Mersa Matruh. On 16 September, the 10th Army halted and took up defensive positions...

Word Count : 8708

Battle of Gazala

Last Update:

to hold Mersa Matruh, choosing to fight a delaying action with X and XIII Corps. The Afrika Korps was delayed at the Battle of Mersa Matruh but signal...

Word Count : 7415

Siege of Tobruk

Last Update:

1941) in Operation Crusader. The Western Desert Campaign was fought from Mersa Matruh in Egypt to Gazala in Cyrenaica on the Libyan coast, an area about 390...

Word Count : 10129

Climate of Egypt

Last Update:

nights and coldest winters Cities or resorts with coolest summer days Mersa Matruh Port Said Places with least temperature fluctuation Port Said Kosseir...

Word Count : 714

Attack on Nibeiwa

Last Update:

the 7th Armoured Division and kept their main force at the railhead of Mersa Matruh about 80 mi (130 km) east of Sidi Barrani. The British probed the Italian...

Word Count : 3263

Adam Wakenshaw

Last Update:

actions on 27 June 1942 in Mersa Matruh, Egypt, where he was killed in combat. On the 27th June, 1942, south of Mersa Matruh, Private Wakenshaw was a member...

Word Count : 391

Axis capture of Tobruk

Last Update:

Alamein. On the next day, Rommel arrived at Matruh and broke through in the centre. The Battle of Mersa Matruh was another fiasco for the Eighth Army, who...

Word Count : 7451


Last Update:

needed] Rafah, Alexandria, Abu Qir, Rosetta, Baltim, Kafr el-Dawwar and Mersa Matruh are the wettest places in Egypt. The population of Rosetta has increased...

Word Count : 1289


Last Update:

Operations started in July 1933, initially linking Cairo with Alexandria and Mersa Matruh using de Havilland DH.84 Dragon equipment. By August that year, the frequency...

Word Count : 9527


Last Update:

Division orders to attack eastwards. The British 8th Army withdraws to Mersa Matruh, where the Indian 10th Division, elements of the Indian 5th Division...

Word Count : 17422

Special forces

Last Update:

Tympaki and Maleme significant damage was caused, and raids at Fuka and Mersa Matruh airfields destroyed 30 aircraft. In the Burma Campaign, the Chindits...

Word Count : 5860

Battle of Beda Fomm

Last Update:

The 7th Armoured Division, less the 7th Armoured Brigade, assembled at Mersa Matruh and sent the 7th Support Group forward towards the frontier as a covering...

Word Count : 9008

Christopher Lee

Last Update:

between Egyptian airstrips, from RAF El Daba to Maaten Bagush and on to Mersa Matruh; they lent air support to the ground forces and bombed strategic targets...

Word Count : 11279

Action of Agagia

Last Update:

artillery and machine-guns, for campaigns along the coast against Sollum, Mersa Matruh and Da'aba on the way to Alexandria and from Siwa through the band of...

Word Count : 2346

Henry Maitland Wilson

Last Update:

and eight British battalions. He concentrated his defensive forces at Mersa Matruh some 100 miles from the border with Libya. Early in August, Sir Archibald...

Word Count : 2646

Senussi campaign

Last Update:

combatants, supported by mountain guns and machine-guns, to attack Sollum, Mersa Matruh and El Dabaa on the coast and the oases further south at Bahariya, Farafra...

Word Count : 10297

Peace treaty

Last Update:

of Libyan tribesmen by building a chain of fortresses stretching from Mersa Matruh to Rakotis, and the Hittites faced a more formidable threat in the form...

Word Count : 2478

Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II

Last Update:

that Rommel's last advance had produced. A prepared defensive line at Mersa Matruh was outflanked, and disaster beckoned. Ritchie was dismissed as Eighth...

Word Count : 18154