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Mersa Matruh information

31°21′N 27°14′E / 31.350°N 27.233°E / 31.350; 27.233

Mersa Matruh
مرسى مطروح
Marsā Maṭrūḥ
Flag of Mersa Matruh
Official seal of Mersa Matruh
Mersa Matruh is located in Egypt
Mersa Matruh
Mersa Matruh
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°20′N 27°13′E / 31.333°N 27.217°E / 31.333; 27.217
CountryMersa Matruh Egypt
 • Total1,033 sq mi (2,675 km2)
23 ft (7 m)
 • Total228,154
 • Density220/sq mi (85/km2)
 • Ethnicities
Egyptians Bedouins & Egyptian-Libyans.
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)
Area code(+20) 46

Mersa Matruh (Arabic: مرسى مطروح, romanized: Marsā Maṭrūḥ, IPA: [ˈmæɾsæ mɑtˤˈɾuːħ]), also transliterated as Marsa Matruh, is a port in Egypt and the capital of Matrouh Governorate. It is located 240 km (150 mi) west of Alexandria and 222 km (138 mi) east of Sallum on the main highway from the Nile Delta to the Libyan border. The city is also accessible from the south via another highway running through the Western Desert towards Siwa Oasis and Bahariya Oasis.

In ancient Egypt and during the reign of Alexander the Great, the city was known as Amunia. In the Ptolemaic Kingdom and later during the Byzantine Empire, it was known as Paraitónion (Koinē Greek: Παραιτόνιον). During the Roman Empire, it was called Paraetonium in Latin, which became al-Bāritūn (Arabic: البارتون) after the mid-7th century Muslim conquest of Egypt.[2] As a British military base during World War II, several battles were fought around its environs as the Italo-German Panzer Army Africa attempted to capture the port. It fell to the Axis during the Battle of Mersa Matruh, but was recaptured following the Second Battle of El Alamein.

Mersa Matruh is served by Mersa Matruh International Airport. The city features soft white sand beaches and calm transparent waters; the bay is protected from the high seas by a series of rocks forming a natural breakwater, with a small opening to allow access for light vessels.

  1. ^ a b c "Marsā Maṭrūḥ (Kism (urban and rural parts), Egypt) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". Retrieved 17 June 2023.
  2. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Paraetonium". Retrieved 2019-01-15.

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Mersa Matruh

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31.350; 27.233 Mersa Matruh (Arabic: مرسى مطروح, romanized: Marsā Maṭrūḥ, IPA: [ˈmæɾsæ mɑtˤˈɾuːħ]), also transliterated as Marsa Matruh, is a port in Egypt...

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The Battle of Mersa Matruh was fought from 26 to 29 June 1942, following the defeat of the Eighth Army (General Sir Claude Auchinleck) at the Battle of...

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Marsa Matruh International Airport

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Marsa Matruh International Airport, formerly Mersa Matruh Airport (Arabic: مطار مرسى مطروح الدولي) (IATA: MUH, ICAO: HEMM), is an international airport...

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Matrouh Governorate

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Muḥāfaẓat Maṭrūḥ) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in the north-western part of the country, it borders Libya. Its capital is Mersa Matruh. The...

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Western Desert campaign

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The 7th Armoured Division, less the 7th Armoured Brigade, assembled at Mersa Matruh and sent the 7th Support Group forward towards the frontier as a covering...

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Second Battle of El Alamein

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of the Rahman track, preparatory to turning north to cut the road at Mersa Matruh. Both moves failed, the 7th Armoured Division finished the day 20 mi...

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First Battle of El Alamein

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retreated east from the Gazala line into north-western Egypt as far as Mersa Matruh, roughly 160 km (99 mi) inside the border. Ritchie had decided not to...

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Italian invasion of Egypt

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(7th Armoured Division) the main force remaining in the vicinity of Mersa Matruh, the principal British base in the Western Desert. On 16 September 1940...

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Governorate in Egypt Matruh, Yemen The Mediterranean harbor and naval port of Mersa Matruh in the Matrouh Governorate This disambiguation page lists articles about...

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2nd New Zealand Division

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into Egypt. The 2nd New Zealand Division was transported from Syria to Mersa Matruh. In the ensuing battle, the division's retreat was cut off on 27 June...

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Erwin Rommel

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hope to achieve. He pressed an attack on the heavily fortified town of Mersa Matruh, which Auchinleck had designated as the fall-back position, surrounding...

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Higher Technological Institute

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branches: 10th of Ramadan City (Main Campus), 6th of October City Campus, Mersa Matruh Campus, and Al Minya Campus. Higher Technological Institute offers two...

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Egyptian Air Force

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Basur (Rafale EM/DM) 232 Tactical Fighter Wing 72sq – Mersa Matruh (F-16C/D) 74sq - Mersa Matruh (F-16C/D) 242 Tactical Fighter Wing 68sq – Aswan (F-16C/D)...

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Maghagha Mallawi Manfalut Mansoura Mashtool El Souk Matai Menouf Marsa Alam Mersa Matruh Metoubes Minya Minyet El Nasr Mit Abu El Kom Mit Abu Ghaleb Mit Adlan...

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North African campaign

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screening forces to harass the advancing Italians, falling back towards Mersa Matruh, where the main British infantry force was based. Positioned on the desert...

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Operation Compass

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(Lieutenant-General Richard O'Connor) with about 36,000 men, advanced from Mersa Matruh in Egypt on a five-day raid against the Italian positions of the 10th...

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El Raja SC

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simply known as El Raja, is an Egyptian football and sports club based in Mersa Matruh, Egypt. The club currently plays in the Egyptian Third Division, the...

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Baggush Box

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in the Western Desert near Maaten Baggush, 35 miles (56 km) east of Mersa Matruh during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. The box was built...

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1st South African Infantry Division

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positions at Mersa Matruh. After the Sidi Regez battles, the division brigades were deployed in various offensive and defensive roles from Mersa Matruh, of which...

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Special forces

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Tympaki and Maleme significant damage was caused, and raids at Fuka and Mersa Matruh airfields destroyed 30 aircraft. In the Burma Campaign, the Chindits...

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Siege of Tobruk

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part of Operation Crusader. The Western Desert Campaign was fought from Mersa Matruh in Egypt to Gazala in Cyrenaica on the Libyan coast, an area about 390...

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Adam Wakenshaw

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actions on 27 June 1942 in Mersa Matruh, Egypt, where he was killed in combat. On the 27th June, 1942, south of Mersa Matruh, Private Wakenshaw was a member...

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