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Massawa information


Massawa
ምጽዋዕ
City
Massawa harbour.JPG
Taulud Island Causeway (8527952257).jpg
Massawa, Eritrea - City Administration Building (8527951359).jpg
St Mariam Orthodox Cathedral (8529065014).jpg
Altstadt Massawa 32.JPG
Clockwise from top:
Port of Massawa, Administration building, Shiekh Hamaal Mosque, St Mariam Orthodox Cathedral Church, Massawa Island causeway
Motto: 
ሉል ቀይሕ ባሕሪ Pearl of the Red Sea
Massawa is located in Eritrea
Massawa
Massawa
Location within Eritrea
Massawa is located in Horn of Africa
Massawa
Massawa
Location within the Horn of Africa
Massawa is located in Africa
Massawa
Massawa
Location within Africa
Coordinates: 15°36′35″N 39°27′00″E / 15.60972°N 39.45000°E / 15.60972; 39.45000
CountryEritrea
RegionSemienawi Keyih Bahri Region
DistrictMassawa
Government
 • AdministratorKidane Weldesilase
Area
 • Total477 km2 (184 sq mi)
Elevation
6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2012)[1]
 • Total53,090
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code+291 4
ClimateBWh

Massawa (/məsˈɑːwə/ muh-SAH-wuh; Tigrinya: ምጽዋዕ, romanized: məṣṣəwaʿ; Ge'ez: ምጽዋ; Arabic: مصوع; Italian: Massaua; Portuguese: Maçuá) is a port city in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea, located on the Red Sea at the northern end of the Gulf of Zula beside the Dahlak Archipelago.[2] It has been a historically important port for many centuries.

Massawa was the capital of the Italian Colony of Eritrea until the seat of the colonial government was moved to Asmara in 1897.[3]

Massawa has an average temperature of nearly 30 °C (86.0 °F), which is one of the highest experienced in the world, and is "one of the hottest marine coastal areas in the world."[4]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer – Eritrea". Archived from the original on 12 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
  2. ^ Matt Phillips, Jean-Bernard Carillet, Lonely Planet Ethiopia and Eritrea, (Lonely Planet: 2006), p.340.
  3. ^ Bjunior (8 July 2018). "Dadfeatured: ITALIAN MASSAUA".
  4. ^ Melake, Kiflemariam (1993-05-01). "Ecology of macrobenthos in the shallow coastal areas of Tewalit (Massawa), Ethiopia". Journal of Marine Systems. 4 (1): 31–44. Bibcode:1993JMS.....4...31M. doi:10.1016/0924-7963(93)90018-H. ISSN 0924-7963.

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Massawa

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Massawa (/məsˈɑːwə/ muh-SAH-wuh; Tigrinya: ምጽዋዕ, romanized: məṣṣəwaʿ; Ge'ez: ምጽዋ; Arabic: مصوع; Italian: Massaua; Portuguese: Maçuá) is a port city in...

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Eritrea

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tools dated to more than 125,000 years old near the Bay of Zula south of Massawa, along the Red Sea littoral. The tools are believed to have been used by...

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Massawa International Airport

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Massawa International Airport (IATA: MSW, ICAO: HHMS) is an airport in Massawa, a major city in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea. It is considered...

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Battle of Massawa

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Battle of Massawa may refer to: Battle of Massawa (1977) Battle of Massawa (1990) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Battle...

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Eritrean Railway

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1887 and 1932 during the Italian Eritrea colony and connects the port of Massawa with Asmara. Originally it also connected to Bishia. The line was partly...

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Massawa Circuit

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The Massawa Circuit is a cycling race held annually in Massawa, Eritrea since 2016. It is rated 1.2 and is part of UCI Africa Tour. "2016 Massawa Circuit"...

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Italian Eritrea

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Company in 1869, which came under government control in 1882. Occupation of Massawa in 1885 and the subsequent expansion of territory would gradually engulf...

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Ethiopian Navy

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(and primary) base — the Haile Selassie I Naval Base — was established at Massawa in 1956. The navy took delivery of its first ship in 1957. By the early...

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Massawa Subregion

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Massawa Subregion is a subregion in the Northern Red Sea region (Zoba Semienawi Keyih Bahri) of Eritrea. Its capital lies at Massawa. The district has...

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Ottoman conquest of Habesh

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present-day Eritrea) starting in 1557, when Özdemir Pasha took the port city of Massawa and the adjacent city of Arqiqo, even taking Debarwa, then capital of the...

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Attack on Pearl Harbor

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have shot down 41 Japanese aircraft. Wallin had been assigned to go to Massawa in East Africa. The harbor there was blocked by scuttled Italian and German...

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Eritrean Navy

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a base in Sudan. These forces played a critical role at the Battle of Massawa when they sank several Ethiopian warships in the harbor. At the close of...

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Red Sea Flotilla

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rosso) was part of the Regia Marina Italia (Italian Royal Navy) based at Massawa in the colony of Italian Eritrea, part of Italian East Africa. In World...

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Battle of Keren

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colonial capital of Italian Eritrea at Asmara and the Red Sea port of Massawa, which surrendered to the British after the battle. Colonised by the Italians...

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Amelia Earhart

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437 June 13, 1937 Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Massawa, Italian East Africa 400 June 14, 1937 Massawa, Italian East Africa Assab, Italian East Africa...

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Italian Empire

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it annexed the port of Massawa in Eritrea on the Red Sea from the crumbling Egyptian Empire. Italian annexation of Massawa denied the Ethiopian Empire...

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List of colonial governors of Eritrea

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Incumbent Notes Massawa Ottoman Province 1687 — 1663 Keki Abdi Pasha, Na’ib of Arkiko, Wali of Massawa Na’ib of Arkiko, Wali of Massawa 1693–1693 Mehmed...

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Mosque

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this case, either the Mosque of the Companions in the Eritrean city of Massawa, or the Quba Mosque in the Hejazi city of Medina (the first structure built...

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Scuttling

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Mario Bonetti—the Italian commander of the Red Sea Flotilla based at Massawa—realized that the British would overrun his harbor. In the first week of...

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Yemen

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leopard skins from the chief of the Dahlak islands (off the coast from Massawa). Stephen W. Day Regionalism and Rebellion in Yemen: A Troubled National...

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Asmara

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International Airport serves the city with many international flights. Massawa International Airport is an alternative airport nearby. As of 1999, there...

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Age of Discovery

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eighty years of Portuguese rule of the Gulf archipelago. In the Red Sea, Massawa was the most northerly point frequented by the Portuguese until 1541, when...

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Nasair

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November 2012 Nasair served the following destinations: Africa  Eritrea Massawa (Massawa International Airport) Hub  Kenya Nairobi (Jomo Kenyatta International...

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Battle of Dogali

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was fought on 26 January 1887 between Italy and Ethiopia in Dogali near Massawa, in present-day Eritrea. The Italians, after their unification in 1861...

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Romodan Mohammed Nur

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Succeeded by Isaias Afwerki Personal details Born 1941 (1941) Hargigo, Italian East Africa Died 30 December 2021(2021-12-30) (aged 79–80) Massawa, Eritrea...

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Red Sea Air

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the airline, which operated domestic routes between Asmara, Assab and Massawa. Red Sea Air had a fleet of BAC 1-11s The airline operated from 1988 to...

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Habesha peoples

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The Mosque of the Companions, Massawa, reportedly Africa's oldest mosque, built by Muhammad’s companions in 615 CE....

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Eritrean War of Independence

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outnumbered the Ethiopian army and liberated all of Eritrea except Asmara, Massawa, and Barentu. By 1977, the EPLF was poised to drive the Ethiopians out...

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List of railway stations in Eritrea

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originally ran from Massawa, a port on the Red Sea, via the capital Asmara to Agordat. The line can be divided into three sections (Massawa-Asmara; Asmara-Keren;...

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Haddas River

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with the Comaile and Aligide rivers. The combined river flows south of Massawa, emptying into the Red Sea. Silt carried down in the river has led to the...

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Ethiopian Empire

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establishing Habesh Eyalet, the province of Abyssinia, by conquering Massawa, the Empire's main port and seizing Suakin from the allied Funj Sultanate...

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Afar people

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and destroyed their army leaving only a small number left which fled to Massawa. Amongst the Egyptian casualties were the martyrs of their leader Munzinger...

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Charles George Gordon

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Matters then remained quiet until March 1877, when Gordon proceeded to Massawa, hoping to make peace with the Abyssinians. He went up to Bogos and wrote...

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1921 Massawa earthquake

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The 1921 Massawa earthquake took place off the coast of Massawa, Eritrea, on August 14 with a moment magnitude of 6.1 and a Mercalli intensity of VIII...

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Conquistador

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almost eighty years of Portuguese rule of the Persian Gulf. In the Red Sea, Massawa was the most northerly point frequented by the Portuguese until 1541, when...

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History of Eritrea

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obsidian tools dated to over 125,000 years old near the Bay of Zula south of Massawa, along the Red Sea littoral. The tools are believed to have been used by...

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Ethiopia

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and expansion efforts were sustained by Emperor Zara Yaqob who conquered Massawa and Dahlak Archipelago around 1465. Ifat's successor, the Adal Sultanate...

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