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Massawa information

Məṣṣəwaʿ (ምጽዋዕ)
Clockwise from top:
Port of Massawa, Administration building, Shiekh Hamaal Mosque, St Mariam Orthodox Cathedral Church, Massawa Island causeway
Tigrinya: ሉል ቀይሕ ባሕሪ Pearl of the Red Sea
Massawa is located in Eritrea
Location within Eritrea
Massawa is located in Horn of Africa
Location within the Horn of Africa
Massawa is located in Africa
Location within Africa
Coordinates: 15°36′35″N 39°27′00″E / 15.60972°N 39.45000°E / 15.60972; 39.45000
RegionSemienawi Keyih Bahri Region
 • AdministratorKidane Weldesilase
 • Total477 km2 (184 sq mi)
6 m (20 ft)
 • Total53,090
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code+291 4

Massawa or Mitsiwa (/məsˈɑːwə/ muh-SAH-wuh; Tigrinya: ምጽዋዕ, romanized: məṣṣəwaʿ; Tigre: ባጸዕ, baṣäʿ or ባድዕ, badəʿ; Ge'ez: ምጽዋ; Arabic: مَصَّوَع; Italian: Massaua; Portuguese: Maçuá) is a port city in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea, located on the Red Sea at the northern end of the Gulf of Zula beside the Dahlak Archipelago.[2] It has been a historically important port for many centuries. Massawa has been ruled or occupied by a succession of polities during its history, including the Kingdom of Aksum, the Ethiopian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Italy.

Massawa was the capital of the Italian Colony of Eritrea until the seat of the colonial government was moved to Asmara in 1897.[3]

Massawa has an average temperature of nearly 30 °C (86.0 °F), which is one of the highest experienced in the world, and is "one of the hottest marine coastal areas in the world."[4]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer – Eritrea". Archived from the original on 12 April 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  2. ^ Phillips, Matt; Carillet, Jean-Bernard (2006). Lonely Planet Ethiopia and Eritrea. Lonely Planet. p. 340. ISBN 1-74104-436-7.
  3. ^ Bjunior (8 July 2018). "Dadfeatured: ITALIAN MASSAUA" (blog).
  4. ^ Melake, Kiflemariam (1 May 1993). "Ecology of macrobenthos in the shallow coastal areas of Tewalit (Massawa), Ethiopia". Journal of Marine Systems. 4 (1): 31–44. Bibcode:1993JMS.....4...31M. doi:10.1016/0924-7963(93)90018-H. ISSN 0924-7963.

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Massawa or Mitsiwa (/məsˈɑːwə/ muh-SAH-wuh; Tigrinya: ምጽዋዕ, romanized: məṣṣəwaʿ; Tigre: ባጸዕ, baṣäʿ or ባድዕ, badəʿ; Ge'ez: ምጽዋ; Arabic: مَصَّوَع; Italian:...

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Beginning in 1882–1885, Italian troops systematically spread out from Massawa toward the highland, eventually resulting in the formation of the colony...

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Battle of Massawa

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Battle of Massawa may refer to: Battle of Massawa (1541) Battle of Massawa (1977) Battle of Massawa (1990) This disambiguation page lists articles associated...

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Massawa Subregion

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Massawa Subregion is a subregion in the Northern Red Sea region (Zoba Semienawi Keyih Bahri) of Eritrea. Its capital lies at Massawa. The district has...

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Second Battle of Massawa

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Battle of Massawa (also known as Operation Fenkil and as the Fenkil offensive) took place in 1990 in and around the coastal city of Massawa in Eritrea...

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Massawa International Airport

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Massawa International Airport (IATA: MSW, ICAO: HHMS) is an airport in Massawa, a major city in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea. It is considered...

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Eritrean Railway

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1887 and 1932 during the Italian Eritrea colony and connects the port of Massawa with Asmara. Originally it also connected to Bishia. The line was partly...

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Massawa Circuit

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The Massawa Circuit is a cycling race held annually in Massawa, Eritrea since 2016. It is rated 1.2 and is part of UCI Africa Tour. "2016 Massawa Circuit"...

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Mosque of the Companions

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ٱلصَّحَابَة‎, romanized: Masjid aṣ-Ṣaḥābah) is a mosque in the city of Massawa, Eritrea. Dating to the early 7th century C.E., it is believed to be the...

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Eritrean Navy

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in Sudan. These forces played a critical role in the Second Battle of Massawa when they sank several Ethiopian warships in the harbor. At the close of...

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First Battle of Massawa

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The First Battle of Massawa took place from 1977 to 1978 in and around the coastal city of Massawa in Eritrea. The port was besieged by the Eritrean People's...

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List of colonial governors of Eritrea

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Incumbent Notes Massawa Ottoman Province 1687 — 1663 Keki Abdi Pasha, Na’ib of Arkiko, Wali of Massawa Na’ib of Arkiko, Wali of Massawa 1693–1693 Mehmed...

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Ethiopian Navy

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(and primary) base — the Haile Selassie I Naval Base — was established at Massawa in 1956. The navy took delivery of its first ship in 1957. By the early...

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Italian Eritrea

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Company in 1869, which came under government control in 1882. Occupation of Massawa in 1885 and the subsequent expansion of territory would gradually engulf...

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Transport in Eritrea

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with the port of Massawa; however, it was nonoperational since 1978 except for about a 5 kilometre stretch that was reopened in Massawa in 1994. Rehabilitation...

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List of ports in Eritrea

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harbours in Eritrea details the ports, harbours around the coast of Eritrea. "Massawa Port". Retrieved 10 March 2023. "Assab Port". marinetraffic...

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Red Sea Air

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the airline, which operated domestic routes between Asmara, Assab and Massawa. Red Sea Air had a fleet of BAC 1-11s The airline operated from 1988 to...

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Battle of Keren

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colonial capital of Italian Eritrea at Asmara and the Red Sea port of Massawa, which surrendered to the British after the battle. Colonised by the Italians...

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Habesh Eyalet

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Suakin and Massawa were occupied by Özdemir Pasha, who had been appointed beylerbey in 1555, and the province of Habesh was formed in 1557. Massawa being of...

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Religion in Eritrea

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intervention of the Portuguese transformed the flow of events. They landed at Massawa in 1541 and helped the Eritreans and Ethiopians to drive the Imams forces...

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Battle of Dogali

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was fought on 26 January 1887 between Italy and Ethiopia in Dogali near Massawa, in present-day Eritrea. The Italians, after their unification in 1861...

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Attack on Pearl Harbor

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have shot down 41 Japanese aircraft. Wallin had been assigned to go to Massawa in East Africa. The harbor there was blocked by scuttled Italian and German...

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leopard skins from the chief of the Dahlak islands (off the coast from Massawa). Kamal Suleiman Salibi A History of Arabia p. 108 Caravan Books, 1980...

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Amelia Earhart

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437 June 13, 1937 Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Massawa, Italian East Africa 400 June 14, 1937 Massawa, Italian East Africa Assab, Italian East Africa...

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