Global Information Lookup Global Information

Marie Antoinette information

Marie Antoinette
Marie-Antoinette, 1775 - Musée Antoine Lécuyer.jpg
Portrait of Marie Antoinette, 1775
Queen consort of France
Tenure10 May 1774 – 21 September 1792
Born(1755-11-02)2 November 1755
Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire
Died16 October 1793(1793-10-16) (aged 37)
Place de la Révolution, Paris, French First Republic
Cause of deathExecution
Burial21 January 1815
Basilica of St Denis
Louis XVI of France
(m. 1770; d. 1793)
  • Marie Thérèse, Duchess of Angoulême
  • Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France
  • Louis XVII of France
  • Princess Sophie
  • German: Maria Antonia Josefa Johanna
  • French: Marie Antoinette Josèphe Jeanne
FatherFrancis I, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherMaria Theresa
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureMarie Antoinette's signature
CoA of Marie-Antoinette of Austria.png
Coat of arms of Marie Antoinette of Austria

Marie Antoinette Josèphe Jeanne (/ˌæntwəˈnɛt, ˌɒ̃t-/;[1] French: [maʁi ɑ̃twanɛt] (Marie Antoinettelisten); née Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution. She was born an Archduchess of Austria, and was the penultimate child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I. She became dauphine of France in May 1770 at age 14 upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne. On 10 May 1774, her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI and she became queen.

Marie Antoinette's position at court improved when, after eight years of marriage, she started having children. She became increasingly unpopular among the people, however, with the French libelles accusing her of being profligate, promiscuous, harboring sympathies for France's perceived enemies—particularly her native Austria—and her children of being illegitimate. The false accusations of the Affair of the Diamond Necklace damaged her reputation further. During the Revolution, she became known as Madame Déficit because the country's financial crisis was blamed on her lavish spending and her opposition to the social and financial reforms of Turgot and Necker.

Several events were linked to Marie Antoinette during the Revolution after the government had placed the royal family under house arrest in the Tuileries Palace in October 1789. The June 1791 attempted flight to Varennes and her role in the War of the First Coalition had disastrous effects on French popular opinion. On 10 August 1792, the attack on the Tuileries forced the royal family to take refuge at the Assembly, and they were imprisoned in the Temple Prison on 13 August. On 21 September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. Louis XVI was executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793. Marie Antoinette's trial began on 14 October 1793; she was convicted two days later by the Revolutionary Tribunal of high treason and executed, also by guillotine, at the Place de la Révolution.

  1. ^ Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917], Peter Roach; James Hartmann; Jane Setter (eds.), English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-3-12-539683-8.

and 29 Related for: Marie Antoinette information

Request time (Page generated in 0.2443 seconds.)

Marie Antoinette

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette Josèphe Jeanne (/ˌæntwəˈnɛt, ˌɒ̃t-/; French: [maʁi ɑ̃twanɛt] (listen); née Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October...

Word Count : 13775

Cultural depictions of Marie Antoinette

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, is best remembered for her legendary extravagance and her death: she was executed by guillotine during the Reign of...

Word Count : 3088

Marie Antoinette Murat

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette Murat, French: Marie Antoinette Murat, Princesse Murat (3 January 1793, Labastide-Murat, Lot, French Republic – 19 January 1847, Sigmaringen...

Word Count : 215

Madame du Barry

Last Update:

commoner. For these reasons, she was disliked by many, including Marie Antoinette. Marie Antoinette's disfavoring Jeanne and refusing to speak to her was seen...

Word Count : 4457

Louis XVI

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette, pp.100–102 Fraser, Antonia, Marie Antoinette, p.127 Fraser, Antonia, Marie Antoinette, pp.166–167 Fraser, Antonia, Marie Antoinette...

Word Count : 9576

Canities subita

Last Update:

Canities subita, also called Marie Antoinette syndrome or Thomas More syndrome, is an alleged condition of hair turning white overnight due to stress or...

Word Count : 584

Marie Antoinette with a Rose

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette with a Rose, also known as Marie-Antoinette with the Rose (French: Marie-Antoinette dit « à la Rose ») is an oil painting by the French...

Word Count : 424

Louis XVII

Last Update:

June 1795) was the younger son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. His older brother, Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France, died in June 1789...

Word Count : 4788

Axel von Fersen the Younger

Last Update:

American Revolutionary War, diplomat and statesman, and a friend of Queen Marie-Antoinette of France. He died at the hands of a Stockholm lynch mob. Axel von...

Word Count : 7023

Sofia Coppola

Last Update:

for Best Director. In 2006, Coppola directed the historical drama Marie Antoinette, starring Dunst as the title character. In 2010, with the drama Somewhere...

Word Count : 6923

Let them eat cake

Last Update:

understanding of their plight. While the phrase is commonly attributed to Marie Antoinette, there are references to it prior to the French Revolution, meaning...

Word Count : 1629

Yolande de Polastron

Last Update:

favourite of Marie Antoinette, whom she first met when she was presented at the Palace of Versailles in 1775, the year after Marie Antoinette became the...

Word Count : 3363

Maria Carolina of Austria

Last Update:

Carolina, abhorring how the French treated their queen, her sister Marie Antoinette, allied Naples with Britain and Austria during the Napoleonic and French...

Word Count : 4136


Last Update:

royal palace. During the French Revolution, 2,780 prisoners, including Marie-Antoinette, were imprisoned, tried and sentenced at the Conciergerie, then sent...

Word Count : 5301

Marie Antoinette Diamond Earrings

Last Update:

The Marie Antoinette Diamond Earrings are a pair of diamond earrings on permanent display in the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington...

Word Count : 1006

Jack Archer

Last Update:

Call The Midwife. He will also star in the Canal+ & BBC drama series Marie Antoinette created by Deborah Davis of The Favourite. Jack Archer attended the...

Word Count : 600

Louis XV

Last Update:

negotiated the marriage of his grandson, the future Louis XVI with Marie Antoinette (1770). His most notable accomplishment was the modernization of the...

Word Count : 19693

Hameau de la Reine

Last Update:

rustic retreat in the park of the Château de Versailles built for Marie Antoinette in 1783 near the Petit Trianon in Yvelines, France. It served as a...

Word Count : 2465

Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette, Princess of Schwarzburg (German: Marie Antoinette Prinzessin zu Schwarzburg; 7 February 1898 – 4 November 1984) was the eldest child...

Word Count : 336

Petit appartement de la reine

Last Update:

domain of the Queens of France, Maria Theresa of Spain, Marie Leszczyńska, and Marie-Antoinette, as well as of the duchesse de Bourgogne as dauphine. The...

Word Count : 1392

Alexandre Dumas

Last Update:

who reigned for one year (1559–60) and died at the age of 16. The Marie Antoinette romances comprise eight novels. The unabridged versions (normally 100...

Word Count : 5353

Free Marie

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette Wright (born February 7, 1968), better known by her stage name, Free, is an American media personality, television producer, choreographer...

Word Count : 1066

Affair of the Diamond Necklace

Last Update:

the court of King Louis XVI of France that involved his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette. The Queen's reputation, already tarnished by gossip, was ruined by...

Word Count : 2728

Jason Schwartzman

Last Update:

His other film roles include Spun (2003), I Heart Huckabees (2004), Marie Antoinette (2006), and Klaus (2019). Schwartzman starred in the television series...

Word Count : 1358

Norma Shearer

Last Update:

in 1936, and Marie Antoinette in 1938. Marion Davies later recalled that Shearer came to a party at San Simeon in her Marie Antoinette costume; Davies...

Word Count : 5688

Rose Bertin

Last Update:

French milliner (Marchande de modes), known as the dressmaker to Queen Marie Antoinette. She was the first celebrated French fashion designer and is widely...

Word Count : 2019

Marie Antoinette and Her Children

Last Update:

Marie Antoinette and Her Children, also known as Marie Antoinette of Lorraine-Habsburg, Queen of France, and Her Children is an oil painting by the French...

Word Count : 694

Kirsten Dunst

Last Update:

tragicomedy Elizabethtown (2005), and as the title character in Coppola's Marie Antoinette (2006). In 2011, Dunst starred as a depressed newlywed in Lars von...

Word Count : 9146

Louis XVI style

Last Update:

on the first floor (begun 1774). He was much more generous to Queen Marie-Antoinette; she redecorated the Grand Apartments of the Queen at Versailles in...

Word Count : 4877