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Mainz information


Mainz
City
View of the Mainz Old Town
View of the Mainz Old Town
Flag of Mainz
Coat of arms of Mainz
Location of Mainz
Mainz
Mainz is located in Germany
Mainz
Mainz
Mainz is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Mainz
Mainz
Coordinates: 49°59′N 8°16′E / 49.983°N 8.267°E / 49.983; 8.267Coordinates: 49°59′N 8°16′E / 49.983°N 8.267°E / 49.983; 8.267
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictUrban district
Founded13/12 BC
Subdivisions15 boroughs
Government
 • Lord mayor (2019–27) Michael Ebling[1] (SPD)
Area
 • Total97.75 km2 (37.74 sq mi)
Highest elevation
285 m (935 ft)
Lowest elevation
85 m (279 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total217,123
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
55116–55131
Dialling codes06131, 06136
Vehicle registrationMZ
Websitewww.mainz.de
Mainz
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden

Mainz (German: [maɪ̯nt͡s] (Mainzlisten)) is the capital and largest city of Rhineland-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz), Germany.

Mainz is on the left bank of the Rhine, opposite to the place that the Main joins the Rhine. Downstream of the confluence, the Rhine flows to the north-west, with Mainz on the left bank, and Wiesbaden, the capital of the neighbouring state Hesse, on the right bank.

Mainz is an independent city with a population of 218,578 (as of 2019) and forms part of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region.[3]

Mainz was founded by the Romans in the 1st century BC as a military fortress on the northernmost frontier of the empire and provincial capital of Germania Superior. Mainz became an important city in the 8th century AD as part of the Holy Roman Empire, capital of the Electorate of Mainz and seat of the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz, the Primate of Germany. Mainz is famous as the birthplace of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of a movable-type printing press, who in the early 1450s manufactured his first books in the city, including the Gutenberg Bible. Mainz was heavily damaged in World War II; more than 30 air raids destroyed most of the historic buildings.

Mainz is notable as a transport hub, for wine production, and for its many rebuilt historic buildings. One of the ShUM-cities, Mainz and its Jewish cemetery is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.[4]

  1. ^ Wahl der Oberbürgermeister der kreisfreien Städte, Landeswahlleiter Rheinland-Pfalz, accessed 30 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2020, Kreise, Gemeinden, Verbandsgemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2021.
  3. ^ Landeshauptstadt Mainz. "Einwohner_nach_Stadtteilen" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  4. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "ShUM Sites of Speyer, Worms and Mainz". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 14 April 2022.

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Mainz

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Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (German: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz) is a public research university in Mainz, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany...

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The Mainzer Zitadelle (Citadel of Mainz) is situated at the fringe of Mainz Old Town [de], near Mainz Römisches Theater station. The fortress was constructed...

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The Mainz Carnival (Mainzer Fastnacht, "Määnzer Fassenacht" or "Meenzer Fassenacht") is a months-long citywide carnival celebration in Mainz, Germany that...

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Mainz Cathedral or St. Martin's Cathedral (German: Mainzer Dom, Martinsdom or, officially, Der Hohe Dom zu Mainz) is located near the historical center...

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Aureus of Mainz (born at an unknown date in the Rhone-Loire region; died c. 436 or 451, Mainz or Eichsfeld) is a Roman Catholic saint and the first named...

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Gladius

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or "Hispanic sword". New types and variants of the gladius, such as the "Mainz gladius" and the "Pompeii gladius", were used since the first century AD...

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Mainz was one of the seven Prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire. As both the Archbishop of Mainz and the ruling prince of the Electorate of Mainz...

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The Landesmuseum Mainz, or Mainz State Museum, is a museum of art and history in Mainz, Germany. In March 2010 it reopened in full after an extensive...

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Amnon of Mainz or Amnon of Mayence is the subject of a medieval legend that became very popular. It tells of Rabbi Amnon, of Mainz (Mayence), Germany...

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Christian of Mainz

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Christian of Mainz may refer to: Christian I (archbishop of Mainz), r. 1165–1183 Christian II (archbishop of Mainz), r. 1249–1251 This disambiguation...

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Johannes Gutenberg

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political elite) in Mainz were often named after houses they owned. Around 1427, the name zu Gutenberg, after the family house in Mainz, is documented to...

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Republic of Mainz

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The Republic of Mainz was the first democratic state in the current German territory and was centered in Mainz. A product of the French Revolutionary Wars...

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Alban of Mainz

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Alban of Mainz (Latin: Albanus or Albinus; supposedly died in or near Mainz) was a Catholic priest, missionary, and martyr in the Late Roman Empire. He...

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The Mainz tramway network (German: Straßenbahnnetz Mainz) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Mainz, the capital city...

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Siege of Mainz may refer to: Siege of Mainz (1689), a siege under Jacques Henri de Durfort de Duras during the Nine Years' War Siege of Mainz (1792), a...

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SMS Mainz was a Kolberg-class light cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) during the First World War. She had three sister ships, SMS Kolberg...

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Mainz Hauptbahnhof ("Mainz main station", formerly known as Centralbahnhof Mainz) is a railway station for the city of Mainz in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate...

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Mainz, Germany. 13/12 BC - Roman fort Mogontiacum built. 314 - Roman Catholic Diocese of Mainz established (approximate date). 406 - Battle of Mainz (406)...

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Thomas Tuchel

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after a one-year period at FC Augsburg II, he was hired by Mainz 05. He departed Mainz in 2014 and was appointed at fellow Bundesliga club Borussia...

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The Wheel of Mainz or Mainzer Rad, in German, was the coat of arms of the Archbishopric of Mainz and thus also of the Electorate of Mainz (Kurmainz), in...

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Otgar of Mainz

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(died 21 April 847), also spelled Odgar or Otger, was the archbishop of Mainz from 826 until his death. During the years 838–839, Otgar supported Louis...

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The Mainz Basin (German: Mainzer Becken) or Rhine-Main Basin is the name given to a Cenozoic marine basin that covered the area of the present-day region...

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The Fortress of Mainz was a fortressed garrison town between 1620 and 1918. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, under the term of the 1815 Peace of Paris...

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The Mainz Psalter was the second major book printed with movable type in the West; the first was the Gutenberg Bible. It is a psalter commissioned by...

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Army Airfield, Filderstadt Mainz-Kastel Storage Station (scheduled to close in 2022) USAG Wiesbaden Military Training Area, Mainz, Gonsenheim/Mombach USAG...

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Albert of Brandenburg

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1490 – 24 September 1545) was a German cardinal, elector, Archbishop of Mainz from 1514 to 1545, and Archbishop of Magdeburg from 1513 to 1545. Born in...

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Battle of Mainz

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The Battle of Mainz (29 October 1795) saw a Habsburg army led by François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt launch a surprise assault...

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(German for "Commandry of the Teutonic Knights") is a historical building in Mainz, western Germany, which is the seat of the Rhineland-Palatinate Landtag...

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