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Littoral zone information


The littoral zone, also called litoral or nearshore, is the part of a sea, lake, or river that is close to the shore.[1] In coastal ecology, the littoral zone includes the intertidal zone extending from the high water mark (which is rarely inundated), to coastal areas that are permanently submerged — known as the foreshore — and the terms are often used interchangeably. However, the geographical meaning of littoral zone extends well beyond the intertidal zone to include all neritic waters within the bounds of continental shelves.

  1. ^ Seekell, D.; Cael, B.; Norman, S.; Byström, P. (2021). "Patterns and variation of littoral habitat size among lakes". Geophysical Research Letters. 48 (20): e2021GL095046. Bibcode:2021GeoRL..4895046S. doi:10.1029/2021GL095046. ISSN 1944-8007. S2CID 244253181.

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Littoral zone

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The littoral zone, also called litoral or nearshore, is the part of a sea, lake, or river that is close to the shore. In coastal ecology, the littoral zone...

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Intertidal zone

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intertidal zone or foreshore is the area above water level at low tide and underwater at high tide: in other words, the part of the littoral zone within the...

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Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral

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The Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral (German: Operationszone Adriatisches Küstenland, OZAK; or colloquially: Operationszone Adria; Italian: Zona...

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Benthic zone

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benthic region of the ocean begins at the shore line (intertidal or littoral zone) and extends downward along the surface of the continental shelf out...

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Limnetic zone

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limnetic zone is the open and well-lit area of a freestanding body of freshwater, such as a lake or pond. Not included in this area is the littoral zone, which...

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Littoral warfare

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In military and naval warfare, littoral warfare is operations in and around the littoral zone, within a certain distance of shore, including surveillance...

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Pelagic zone

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The pelagic zone consists of the water column of the open ocean and can be further divided into regions by depth. The word pelagic is derived from Ancient...

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Profundal zone

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vertical zone in the water through which temperature drops rapidly. The temperature difference may be large enough to hamper mixing with the littoral zone in...

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Sea cave

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in the littoral zone on tropical islands. In some regions, such as Halong Bay, Vietnam, caves in carbonate rocks are found in littoral zones, and being...

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Littoral Response Group

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them an unattractive option to seize and take control of ground in the littoral zone, an area of increased importance due to the rise in population centres...

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Ballantine scale

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"extremely sheltered" shore. The littoral zone generally is the zone between low and high tides. The supra-littoral is above the barnacle line. A modified...

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Oceanic zone

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the oceanic zone. The open ocean is vertically divided into four zones: the sunlight zone, twilight zone, midnight zone, and abyssal zone. The Mesopelagic...

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Command of the sea

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and this will increase military use of foreign Exclusive Economic Zones [littoral zone to 200 nautical miles (370 km)] with possible repercussions for the...

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Littoral combat ship

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A littoral combat ship (LCS) is either of two classes of relatively small surface vessels designed for near-shore operations by the United States Navy...

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Neritic zone

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The neritic zone (or sublittoral zone) is the relatively shallow part of the ocean above the drop-off of the continental shelf, approximately 200 meters...

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Demersal zone

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seabed and the benthos. The demersal zone is just above the benthic zone and forms a layer of the larger profundal zone.[citation needed] Being just above...

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Rocky shore

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and low-tide marks is the intertidal or littoral zone. Below the low-tide mark is the sublittoral or subtidal zone. The presence and abundance of different...

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Supralittoral zone

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inhabit the lower supralittoral. Littoral zone Sublittoral zone Thurman et al., p. 512. "Marine biology; rocky shore; littoral; supralittoral; eulittoral;...

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Water beetle

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fresh water, with a few marine species that live in the intertidal zone or littoral zone. There are approximately 2000 species of true water beetles native...

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Woodlouse

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terrestrial life have led to a highly diverse set of animals; from the marine littoral zone and subterranean lakes to arid deserts and desert slopes 4,725 m (15...

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Black Sea

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southern Russia into Siberia. The littoral zone of the Black Sea is often referred to as the Pontic littoral or Pontic zone. The largest bays of the Black...

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European seabass

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social and prefer to consume other fish. They are generally found in the littoral zone near the banks of rivers, lagoons, and estuaries during the summer and...

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Biome

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Silver fir (Abies alba) Pruvot (1896) zones or "systems": Littoral zone Pelagic zone Abyssal zone Longhurst (1998) biomes: Coastal Polar Trade wind Westerly...

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Coast

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term littoral zone has no single definition. It is the part of a sea, lake, or river that is close to the shore. In coastal environments, the littoral zone...

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Strait

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of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone and another part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone are subject to the legal regime of transit...

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