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Lechkhumi information


Lechkhumi
ლეჩხუმი
Historical Region
Khvamli.jpg
Map highlighting the historical region of Lechkhumi in Georgia
Map highlighting the historical region of Lechkhumi in Georgia
CountryLechkhumi Georgia
MkhareRacha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
CapitalTsageri
Area
 • Total722 km2 (279 sq mi)
Population
 • Total17,000
 • Density24/km2 (61/sq mi)

Lechkhumi (Georgian: ლეჩხუმი, Lečxumi) is a historic province in northwestern Georgia which comprises the area along the middle basin of the Rioni and Tskhenistskali and also the Lajanuri river valley. Now part of the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region, it corresponds roughly to the present day Tsageri district as well as parts of districts of Tsq'altubo and Ambrolauri. It is bordered by Mingrelia to the west, Svaneti to the north, Racha to the east, and Imereti to the south.

The area has been inhabited since the Neolithic Age and was later dominated by the so-called Colchian culture. The first recorded history of the area dates back to the early medieval period. The contemporary historic sources call the land Takveri, a name gradually being replaced by a term Lechkhumi. The province is usually identified with Scymnia mentioned by Procopius (sixth century AD) as a dependency of the Lazican kings [1]. Within the unified Georgian feudal state (between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries), Takveri/Lechkhumi was subordinated consecutively to the dukes (eristavi) of Svaneti and Racha. On the breakup of the Kingdom of Georgia, the province came under the Kingdom of Imereti, 1455. Through incessant feudal warfare, the nobles from the Chikovani (Chikvani) family were eventual winners and established themselves as semi-independent Lords of Lechkhumi (Georgian: Lechkhumis Tavi). In 1714, Bejan Chikovani became Prince of Mingrelia and assumed the dynastic name of Dadiani. Thus, these two western Georgian polities united under the princes of Mingrelia.

King Solomon II of Imereti (1792-1810) attempted on several occasions, though unsuccessfully, to bring the area back under the Imeretian rule. The Russian Empire intervened on Mingrelian side that resulted in the fall of Solomon's kingdom and incorporation of Mingrelia into the Tsarist empire as an autonomous entity. In 1857, the Russian authorities abolished the Principality of Mingrelia and Lechkhumi became a part of Kutais Guberniya. Together with the neighbouring region Svaneti, it formed the Lechkhumi uyezd from 1867 to 1930, when the Tsageri Rayon was created.

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Lechkhumi

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Lechkhumi (Georgian: ლეჩხუმი, Lečxumi) is a historic province in northwestern Georgia which comprises the area along the middle basin of the Rioni and...

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Lechkhumi uezd

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The Lechkhumi uezd (pre-reform Russian: Лечху́мскій уѣ́здъ, tr. Lechkhúmsky uyézd; Georgian: ლეჩხუმის მაზრა) was an uezd ("county") of the Kutais Governorate...

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Lechkhumi Range

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Lechkhumi Range (Georgian: ლეჩხუმის ქედი) is a mountain range in Georgia, a southern part of the Caucasus mountains. The Lechkhumi range serves as a watershed...

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Borders of Russia

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Stavropol Krai Karachay-Cherkessia Georgia Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Karachay-Cherkessia Russia Kabardino-Balkaria Stavropol...

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Journey of Akaki

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Journey of Akaki is a 1912 Georgian documentary film directed by Vasil Amashukeli. The film shows the love of Georgian society to the poet Akaki Tsereteli...

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Racha

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Under Georgia's current subdivision, Racha is included in the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region (mkhare) as the municipalities of Oni and Ambrolauri...

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Svaneti

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Svaneti) on the upper Tskhenistsqali River; administratively part of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti; main town Lentekhi They are separated by the Svaneti...

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Churchkhela

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Samtskhe-Javakheti. Corn flour is used in western Georgia (the areas of Racha, Lechkhumi, Guria, Samegrelo, Abkhazia or Achara), and this condensed grape juice...

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Shida Kartli

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Samtskhe-Javakheti to the southwest, Imereti to the west, and Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti to the northwest. It consists of the following municipalities:...

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Shovi

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resort known for its carbonated water in the Oni Municipality of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti in Georgia. It is situated on the banks of the Chanchakhi...

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Grigol Dadiani

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rendered by Katsia II Dadiani, invaded the principality. Grigol took to Lechkhumi, a highland district disputed between Imereti and Mingrelia, whose loyalty...

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Ambrolauri

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elevation of 550 m above sea level. The city serves as the seat of the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti regional administration and of the Ambrolauri Municipality...

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Georgian wine

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into the micro-regions of Telavi and Kvareli), Kartli, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Adjara and Abkhazia. In 2013, UNESCO added the ancient...

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Georgians

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khevsuri Khevsureti Khevsurian dialect Lechkhumians ლეჩხუმელი lechkhumeli Lechkhumi Lechkhumian dialect Mingrelians მეგრელი megreli Samegrelo Mingrelian language...

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Odishi

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Abkhazia; to the north were the mountains of Takveri, that is, the letter-day Lechkhumi, and Svaneti; and the Rioni river formed the border between Odishi and...

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Ambrolauri Airport

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UGAM) is a small regional airport serving Ambrolauri, a town in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Georgia. The airport is owned and operated by United...

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Mkhare

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Adjara AR Guria Imereti Kakheti Kvemo Kartli Mtskheta- Mtianeti Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Samegrelo- Zemo Svaneti Samtskhe- Javakheti Shida Kartli...

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Bakhsoliani

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Georgian family name from the Lechkhumi region in north-western Georgia. Bakhsoliani family name comes from these towns of Lechkhumi: Lajana, Orbeli, Chkhuteli...

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Saperavi

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(Kakheti, Saingilo, Kartli, Shavshet-Klarjeti, Imereti, Guria, Racha and Lechkhumi). The Saperavi variety is one of the oldest cultivars from the region...

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Alaverdi Monastery

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Shio-Mgvime Svetitskhoveli Telovani Tserovni Tsilkani Zedazeni Zhameti Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Barakoni Bugeuli Chikhareshi Chukuli Kldisubani Mami...

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Ambrolauri Museum of Fine Arts

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established in 1965, and is located in the regional capital of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti in Ambrolauri. The museum houses a collection of paintings...

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Lazic War

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Scymnia (Lechkhumi)...

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Chabukiani

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family name from the Lechkhumi region in north-western Georgia. The Chabukiani family name comes from these towns of Lechkhumi: Alpana, Agvi, Bardnala...

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Kvaisa

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official subdivision of Georgia it is in the Oni district of the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region of Georgia. Settlement is located on the river...

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Mikheil Gelovani

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Mikheil Gelovani (Georgian: მიხეილ გელოვანი, Russified as Михаи́л Гео́ргиевич Гелова́ни, Mikhail Georgievich Gelovani; 6 January [O.S. 25 December 1892] 1893...

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Abari

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Abari (Georgian: აბარი) is a village in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region, Georgia. It is part of the Likheti commune, Ambrolauri municipality...

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Racha uezd

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of the Russian Empire. It bordered the Terek Oblast to the north, the Lechkhumi uezd to the west, the Kutais and Shorapani uezds to the south, and the...

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Lentekhi

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Lentekhi District's (Raion) capital in Georgia's western region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, 323 km northwest to the nation's capital Tbilisi. Situated...

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Akhvlediani

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titles. The dynasty's historical place of origin is Lechkhumi. There is an Akhvlediani fortress in Lechkhumi, named Kahvildash, which roughly translates to...

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Bagrat III of Georgia

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included Abkhazia proper/Abasgia, Egrisi/Samegrelo, Imereti, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Guria, Ajaria, Kartli proper, Hither Tao, Klarjeti, Shavsheti, Meskheti...

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Datuna Church

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Shio-Mgvime Svetitskhoveli Telovani Tserovni Tsilkani Zedazeni Zhameti Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Barakoni Bugeuli Chikhareshi Chukuli Kldisubani Mami...

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Jejora

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town. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jejora river. Jejora, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Georgia Mindat.org (in Russian) Апхазава, Илья Соломонович;...

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Tkhmori

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(Georgian: თხმორი) is a village in the Ambrolauri Municipality of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti in northern Georgia. Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia Vol...

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Georgian cuisine

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(ლუდი) and alcohol, Zhipitauri (ჟიპიტაური). The cuisines of Racha and of Lechkhumi share most of their dishes and are often grouped into one cuisine as a...

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Kingdom of Kartli

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of Bagrat VI retired to the mountainous western provinces of Racha and Lechkhumi, from which he tried to ascend the throne of Imereti. He summoned "Dadiani...

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Tsageri

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Tsageri (Georgian: ცაგერი, Cageri) is a town in Georgia, located in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region in the west of the country and serving as an...

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