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Kyrenia information

  • Κερύνεια (Greek)
  • Girne (Turkish)
Kyrenia Harbour
Kyrenia Harbour
Kyrenia is located in Cyprus
Coordinates: 35°20′25″N 33°19′09″E / 35.34028°N 33.31917°E / 35.34028; 33.31917
Country (de jure)Kyrenia Cyprus
 • DistrictKyrenia District
Country (de facto)Kyrenia Northern Cyprus[1]
 • DistrictGirne District
 • MayorMurat Şenkul[2] (in Kyrenia)
Rita Elissaiou Komodiki (in exile)
0 m (0 ft)
 • Municipality
45,881[3] (District:96,663[4])
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
WebsiteKyrenia Turkish municipality
The municipality in NC eGov portal
Greek Cypriot municipality(in exile)

Kyrenia (Greek: Κερύνεια, romanized: Kerýneia locally [t͡ʃeˈɾiɲˑa]; Turkish: Girne [ˈGiɾne]) is a city on the northern coast of Cyprus, noted for its historic harbour and castle. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

While there is evidence showing that the wider region of Kyrenia has been populated before, the city was built by the Greeks named Achaeans from the Peloponnese after the Trojan War (1300 BC). According to Greek mythology, Kyrenia was founded by the Achaeans Cepheus and Praxandrus who ended up there after the Trojan War. The heroes gave to the new city the name of their city of Kyrenia located in Achaia, Greece.

As the town grew prosperous, the Romans established the foundations of its castle in the 1st century AD. Kyrenia grew in importance after the 9th century due to the safety offered by the castle, and played a pivotal role under the Lusignan rule as the city never capitulated. The castle has been most recently modified by the Venetians in the 15th century, but the city surrendered to the Ottoman Empire in 1571.

The city's population was almost equally divided between Muslims and Christians in 1831, with a slight Muslim majority. However, with the advent of British rule, many Turkish Cypriots fled to Anatolia, and the town came to be predominantly inhabited by Greek Cypriots. While the city suffered little intercommunal violence, its Greek Cypriot inhabitants, numbering around 2,650, fled or were forcefully displaced in the wake of the Turkish invasion in 1974. Currently, the city is populated by Turkish Cypriots, mainland Turkish settlers, and British expats, with a municipal population of 33,207.

Kyrenia is a cultural and economical centre, described as the tourism capital of Northern Cyprus.[6][7][8] It is home to numerous hotels, nightlife and a port. It hosts an annual culture and arts festival with hundreds of participating artists and performers and is home to three universities with a student population around 14,000.[9]

  1. ^ In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus unilaterally declared independence from the Republic of Cyprus. The de facto state is not recognised by any UN state except Turkey.
  2. ^ Northern Cyprus High Election Board [Northern Cyprus High Election Board], Northern Cyprus High Election Board
  3. ^ KKTC Yerel Yönetimler Raporu 2019 [TRNC Regional Administrations Report 2019] (PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, December 2020, p. 4
  4. ^ KKTC Yerel Yönetimler Raporu 2019 [TRNC Regional Administrations Report 2019] (PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, December 2020, p. 5
  5. ^ KKTC Yerel Yönetimler Raporu 2019 [TRNC Regional Administrations Report 2019] (PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, December 2020, p. 4
  6. ^ Şahin, Sanem (2011). "Open borders, closed minds: The discursive construction of national identity in North Cyprus" (PDF). Media, Culture & Society. 33 (4): 583–597. doi:10.1177/0163443711398694. S2CID 42106005. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  7. ^ Fındık, Ünal (1998). "Örnek olaylarla belediyecilik: II. Girne Kent Kurultayı" (PDF). Çağdaş Yerel Yönetimler (in Turkish). 7 (1): 116–122. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2016. Girne, Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti'nin turizm başkenti olarak anılmaktadır.
  8. ^ A number of press reports, including:
    Diyalog: "Kuzey Kıbrıs'ın turizm başkenti Girne'de"
    Hürriyet: "Girne, Kuzey Kıbrıs’ın ‘’turizm başkenti.’’"
    Kıbrıs: Google Search result
  9. ^ [1] Archived 3 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine

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Kyrenia (Greek: Κερύνεια, romanized: Kerýneia locally [t͡ʃeˈɾiɲˑa]; Turkish: Girne [ˈGiɾne]) is a city on the northern coast of Cyprus, noted for its...

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Kyrenia Castle

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Kyrenia Castle (Greek: Κάστρο της Κερύνειας Turkish: Girne Kalesi) at the east end of the old harbour in Kyrenia is a 16th-century castle built by the...

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Kyrenia District

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Kyrenia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its main town is Kyrenia (Greek: Κερύνεια; Turkish: Girne). It is the smallest of Cyprus' districts...

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Kyrenia ship

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The Kyrenia Ship is the wreck of a 4th-century BC ancient Greek merchant ship. It was discovered by Greek-Cypriot diving instructor Andreas Cariolou in...

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Kyrenia Mountains

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The Kyrenia Mountains (Greek: Κερύνειο Όρος; Turkish: Girne Dağları) is a long, narrow mountain range that runs for approximately 160 km (100 mi) along...

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University of Kyrenia

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Kyrenia (Turkish: Girne Üniversitesi) is the first university of Northern Cyprus specializing on maritime studies was established in 2013 in Kyrenia....

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area between Nicosia and Kyrenia, where well-armed Turkish Cypriot enclaves had been long-established; while off the Kyrenia coast, Turkish troop ships...

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Northern Cyprus

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Apostolos Andreas being the endpoint of the Karpaz Peninsula. The narrow Kyrenia mountain range lies along the northern coastline, and the highest point...

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Battle of Pentemili beachhead

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in the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. It is located 5 miles (8 km) west of Kyrenia, thus the name. For 3 days (20–22 July 1974), heavy fighting took place...

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Geography of Cyprus

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island is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the Kyrenia Mountains or Pentadaktylos, and the central plain, the Mesaoria, between...

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Military operations during the Turkish invasion of Cyprus

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As a result, the Turkish-Cypriot forces had control of the Nicosia – Kyrenia highway, and access to the coastal area north of the Pentadaktylos. With...

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Saint Hilarion Castle

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Castle lies on the Kyrenia mountain range, in Cyprus. This location provided the castle with command of the pass road from Kyrenia to Nicosia. It is the...

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Kyrenia Gate

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The Kyrenia Gate, (Greek: Πύλη της Κερύνειας, Turkish: Girne Kapısı, historically known in Italian as Porta del Proveditore) is a gate in the Nicosia...

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History of Kyrenia

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history of Kyrenia, a city in Cyprus that the Turks have occupied since 1974, dates back to Prehistoric Cyprus and continues into the present. Kyrenia dates...

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Union of Kyrenia District", literally "Footballing Sportive Union of the District of Kyrenia") is a Cypriot sports club founded in Kyrenia in 1953 by...

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The English School of Kyrenia

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The English School of Kyrenia is a school in Northern Cyprus. The Prep and Pre-Prep School opened in September 2008. For the academic year 2008-9, the...

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Agia Eirini

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Irene) may refer to several places in Cyprus and Greece: Agia Eirini, Kyrenia Agia Eirini, Nicosia Agia Eirini Gorge, in Chania, Crete Agia Eirini, Chania...

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Kyrillos III of Cyprus

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born Panagiotis Vassiliou; 1859 – 16 November 1933), was the bishop of Kyrenia and later became the archbishop of the Cypriot Orthodox Church. Born in...

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Agios Georgios

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(Turkish: Aygün), near Trikomo, Cyprus Agios Georgios, Kyrenia (Turkish: Karaoğlanoğlu), near Kyrenia Agios Georgios, Limassol Agios Georgios, Nicosia, near...

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Bellapais Abbey

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kilometres from the town of Kyrenia. The ruin is at an altitude of 220 m above sea level, and commands a long view down to Kyrenia and the Mediterranean sea...

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Flag of Northern Cyprus

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official status in the country. On the side of Beşparmaklar Mountain, in the Kyrenia Mountains, there is a wide flag of Northern Cyprus along with a star and...

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Turkish invasion of Cyprus

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seized the most strategic position on the island across the Nicosia to Kyrenia road,[citation needed] the historic jugular vein of the island. They retained...

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Republic of Venice

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ever-expanding Ottoman Empire, the Venetians had fortified Famagusta, Nicosia, and Kyrenia, but most other cities were easy prey. By 1563, the population of Venice...

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