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Kichwa language information


Kichwa
Kichwa Shimi, Runa Shimi
Native toEcuador, Colombia, Peru
EthnicityQuechua
Native speakers
450,000 (2008–2012)[1]
Language family
Quechuan
  • Quechua II
    • Northern
      • Kichwa
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Ecuador
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
inb – Inga
inj – Jungle Inga
qvo – Napo Lowland
qup – Southern Pastaza
qud – Calderón Highland
qxr – Cañar Highland
qug – Chimborazo Highland
qvi – Imbabura Highland
qvj – Loja Highland
qvz – Northern Pastaza
qxl – Salasaca Highland
quw – Tena Lowland
Glottologcolo1257
ELP
  • Lowland Ecuadorian Quichua
  • Loja Quichua
Distribution of the Kichwa language.
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Kichwa (Kichwa shimi, Runashimi, also Spanish Quichua) is a Quechuan language that includes all Quechua varieties of Ecuador and Colombia (Inga), as well as extensions into Peru. It has an estimated half million speakers.

The most widely spoken dialects are Chimborazo, Imbabura and Cañar Highland Quechua, with most of the speakers. Kichwa belongs to the Northern Quechua group of Quechua II, according to linguist Alfredo Torero.

  1. ^ Inga at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021) Closed access icon
    Jungle Inga at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021) Closed access icon
    Napo Lowland at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021) Closed access icon
    Southern Pastaza at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021) Closed access icon
    Calderón Highland at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021) Closed access icon
    Cañar Highland at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021) Closed access icon
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)

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Amazonian Kichwas are a grouping of indigenous Kichwa peoples in the Ecuadorian Amazon, with minor groups across the borders of Colombia and Peru. Amazonian...

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org. Potosí C., Fabián (2013). "Bosquejo Histórico y Lingüístico Qichwa". Kichwa yachakukkunapa shimiyuk kamu : Runa shimi - mishu shimi, mishu shimi - runa...

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Swahili language

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for example in صِصِ swiswi (standard sisi) 'we' and كِطَ kit̠wa (standard kichwa) 'head'. Particles such as ya, na, si, kwa, ni were joined to the following...

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Northern Quechua or Quechua II B, spoken in Ecuador (Kichwa), northern Peru, and Colombia (Inga Kichwa) The most widely spoken varieties in this group are...

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Ecuador, Spanish is the sole official language at the national level while the Kichwa (Northern Quechua) and Shuar languages hold co-official status in selected...

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Qud

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refer to: Caves of Qud, a roguelike role-playing video game. Kichwa language, a Quechuan language with ISO 639-3 code qud. QUD, regional airport code for Damanhur...

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is Southern Quechua. The Kichwa people of Ecuador speak the Kichwa dialect; in Colombia, the Inga people speak Inga Kichwa. The Quechua word for a Quechua...

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Culture of Ecuador

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Ecuador, Huayna Capac imposed upon the tribes the use of the Quechua (or Kichwa) language, lingua franca of the Inca and still widely spoken in Ecuador. The...

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(roughly translated to "half language" or "in-between language") is a mixed language with Spanish vocabulary and Kichwa grammar, most conspicuously in...

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Shuar language

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Ecuador's official language; Spanish, Kichwa and Shuar are official languages for intercultural ties. The other ancestral languages are in official use...

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spoken by more than 30,000 people: Spanish monolingual (5 million speakers), Kichwa (2.4 million speakers), Aymara (1.5 million), Low German (Plattdeutsch)...

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Saraguro people

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of the Kichwa nation most of whom live in Saraguro Canton in the Loja Province of Ecuador. Although most now speak Spanish, Runashimi or Kichwa, a Quechua...

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Indigenous languages of the Americas

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Illegal immigration to the United States

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United States, such as Kichwa Hatari, a radio station in New York City that translates information from Spanish into the Kichwa language for broadcast to Ecuadorian...

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Jatun Sacha Foundation

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community development." The name Jatun Sacha is derived from the local Kichwa language, variably translated as "big forest" or "big jungle". The Jatun Sacha...

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Shiwiar language

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people also speak Spanish, Shuar, and Kichwa along with their native language, Shiwiar. Shuar belongs to the same language family as Shiwiar – Jivaroan. Although...

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Indigenous peoples in Ecuador

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basic unit of society. The extended family group is referred to by the Kichwa word "ayllu", although this type of organization predates the arrival of...

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Tagaeri

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Amazon Basin, named (in Wao-Terero, the Huaorani language) after one of their members, Tagae. Nearby Kichwa communities sometimes refer to them as Awashiri...

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Interculturalism

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ISSN 1866-802X. S2CID 201365188. Wroblewski, Michael (2021). Remaking Kichwa : language and indigenous pluralism in Amazonian Ecuador. London. ISBN 978-1-350-11556-9...

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Cecilia Baltazar

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the Universidad San Francisco de Quito. She is a translator of the Kichwa language. She is an adviser to the Constitutional Court of Ecuador. In 2020...

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Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems

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