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Kichwa language information

Kichwa Shimi, Runa Shimi
Native toEcuador, Colombia, Peru
Native speakers
450,000 (2008–2012)[1]
Language family
  • Quechua II
    • Northern
      • Kichwa
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
inb – Inga
inj – Jungle Inga
qvo – Napo Lowland
qup – Southern Pastaza
qud – Calderón Highland
qxr – Cañar Highland
qug – Chimborazo Highland
qvi – Imbabura Highland
qvj – Loja Highland
qvz – Northern Pastaza
qxl – Salasaca Highland
quw – Tena Lowland
  • Highland Ecuadorian Quichua
  • Lowland Ecuadorian Quichua
  • Loja Quichua
  • Northern Pastaza Quichua
Quechua (subgrupos).svg
Distribution of Quechua sub-groups. Kichwa is shown in light blue (II B).
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Kichwa (Kichwa shimi, Runashimi, also Spanish Quichua) is a Quechuan language that includes all Quechua varieties of Ecuador and Colombia (Inga), as well as extensions into Peru. It has an estimated half million speakers.

The most widely spoken dialects are Chimborazo, Imbabura and Cañar Highland Quechua, with most of the speakers. Kichwa belongs to the Northern Quechua group of Quechua II, according to linguist Alfredo Torero.

  1. ^ Inga at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
    Jungle Inga at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
    Napo Lowland at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
    Southern Pastaza at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
    Calderón Highland at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
    Cañar Highland at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)

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for example in صِصِ swiswi (standard sisi) 'we' and كِطَ kit̠wa (standard kichwa) 'head'. Particles such as ya, na, si, kwa, ni are joined to the following...

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Ecuador, Spanish is the sole official language at the national level while the Kichwa (Northern Quechua) and Shuar languages hold co-official status in selected...

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Shuar language

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Ecuador's official language; Spanish, Kichwa and Shuar are official languages for intercultural ties. The other ancestral languages are in official use...

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state, or that have status as a national language, regional language, or minority language. Official language: one designated as having a unique legal...

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Culture of Ecuador

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Ecuador, Huayna Capac imposed upon the tribes the use of the Quechua (or Kichwa) language, lingua franca of the Inca and still widely spoken in Ecuador. The...

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Illegal immigration to the United States

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United States, such as Kichwa Hatari, a radio station in New York City that translates information from Spanish into the Kichwa language for broadcast to Ecuadorian...

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Amazon Basin, named (in Wao-Terero, the Huaorani language) after one of their members, Tagae. Nearby Kichwa communities sometimes refer to them as Awashiri...

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the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2014. Kichwa Kichwa language page (Perez, M. (2019) Eat Like a Local – Ecuador, CZYK Publishing...

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Jatun Sacha Foundation

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community development." The name Jatun Sacha is derived from the local Kichwa language, variably translated as "big forest" or "big jungle". The Jatun Sacha...

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Shiwiar language

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ISSN 1866-802X. S2CID 201365188. Wroblewski, Michael (2021). Remaking Kichwa : language and indigenous pluralism in Amazonian Ecuador. London. ISBN 978-1-350-11556-9...

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Ariruma Kowii

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in the Kichwa language. His debut collection Mutsuktsurini (1988) was one of the first books to be written and published exclusively in Kichwa. He has...

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Blanca Chancoso

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sciences. She was unusual in being a teacher who spoke both Spanish and Kichwa language, and began to organise the local communities. She established the Federación...

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Southern Quechua

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ECUARUNARI (in Kichwa: Ecuador Runakunapak Rikcharimuy, "Movement of the indigenous people of Ecuador"), also known as Confederation of Peoples of Kichwa Nationality...

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of the Kichwa nation most of whom live in Saraguro Canton in the Loja Province of Ecuador. Although most now speak Spanish, Runashimi or Kichwa, a Quechua...

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Lowland Peruvian Quechua

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language in Ecuador. Northern Quechua and other pre-colonial American languages are spoken by 2,300,000 (Adelaar 1991). Ethnologue lists 24 languages...

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Amaruk Kayshapanta

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lived in Salasaca until he was 12 years old, where he only spoke the Kichwa language, then he emigrated to Quito and settled there in the most popular neighbourhood...

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cultural kichwa del Napo". Issuu. Retrieved 2019-07-24. Andi Aguinda, Bartolo Bolívar. "DESVIACIONES DE LA NORMA ESTÁNDAR EN EL HABLA KICHWA" (PDF). Jenkins...

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Nina Pacari

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rights and the defense of the Kichwa language. At the age of 24, she changed her Spanish name officially to the Kichwa Nina Pacari. Nina Pacari worked...

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Arabela language

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Cordillera Occidental of the Ecuadorian Andes. Its name comes from the Kichwa indigenous language and means "Lago del Cuy" or Guinea Pig Lake in English. It was...

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Inga Kichwa. Almost all Inga people are bilingual in Inga and Spanish, which has caused fear that the Inga language might be an endangered language.[citation...

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Pungarayacu oil field

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Pungarayacu means "tar water"in the Kichwa language. The field is located on the lands of the Rucullacta Kichwa population and the area is part of a...

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syntactic feature. Languages that use agglutination widely are called agglutinative languages. Turkish is an example of an agglutinative language. The Turkish...

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Compound verb

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Kichwa: huañuchi-shpa shitashun) In conformity with the SVO language word order of Spanish, the vector precedes the main verb while in SOV language Kichwa...

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Maasai Mara

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Maasai Mara, including Mara Serena Airstrip, Musiara Airstrip and Keekorok, Kichwa Tembo, Ngerende Airport, Ol Kiombo and Angama Mara Airstrips, and several...

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Yaru Quechua

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Ridder. p. 20. Adelaar, Willem. The Languages of the Andes. With the collaboration of P.C. Muysken. Cambridge language survey. Cambridge University Press...

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Bible translations into Native South American languages

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Tomay Kichwa District

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 Peru Region Huánuco Province Ambo Founded December 18, 1935 Capital Tomay Kichwa Government  • Mayor David Antonio Herrera Yumpe Area  • Total 42.11 km2...

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Helena Gualinga

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activist from the Kichwa Sarayaku community in Pastaza, Ecuador. Helena Gualinga was born on February 27, 2002, in the Indigenous Kichwa Sarayaku community...

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Day of the Dead

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all parts of society, though it is especially important to the indigenous Kichwa peoples, who make up an estimated quarter of the population. Indigena families...

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Ingapirca (Kichwa: Inka Pirka, "Inca wall") is a town in Cañar Province, Ecuador, and the name of the older Inca ruins and archeological site nearby. These...

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