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Kharga Oasis information


Kharga
الخارجة
ϯⲟⲩⲁϩ ⲛ̀ϩⲏⲃ, ϯⲟⲩⲁϩ ⲙ̀ⲯⲟⲓ
Clockwise from top:
Temple of Hibis, qanat shaft near Qasr al-Labakha fortress, Deir al-Munira fortress, Umm al-Dabadib fortress, Kharga Rest-house, Kharga Mosque
Kharga is located in Egypt
Kharga
Kharga
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 25°26′56″N 30°32′24″E / 25.44889°N 30.54000°E / 25.44889; 30.54000
CountryKharga Oasis Egypt
GovernorateNew Valley
Area
[1]
 • Total1,017 km2 (393 sq mi)
Elevation
[1]
32 m (105 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total101,283
 • Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)

The Kharga Oasis (Arabic: الخارجة al-Ḫāriǧa, pronounced [elˈxæɾɡæ]) lit.'the outer'; Coptic: (ϯ)ⲟⲩⲁϩ ⲛ̀ϩⲏⲃ (di)wah enhib, "Oasis of Hib", (ϯ)ⲟⲩⲁϩ ⲙ̀ⲯⲟⲓ (di)wah empsoi "Oasis of Psoi") is the southernmost of Egypt's five western oases. It is located in the Western Desert, about 200 km (125 miles) to the west of the Nile valley. "Kharga" or "El Kharga" is also the name of a major town located in the oasis, the capital of New Valley Governorate.[2] The oasis, which was known as the 'Southern Oasis' to the Ancient Egyptians, the 'outer' (he Esotero) to the Greeks[3] and Oasis Magna to the Romans, is the largest of the oases in the Libyan desert of Egypt. It is in a depression about 160 km (100 miles) long and from 20 km (12 miles) to 80 km (50 miles) wide.[4] Its population is 67,700 (2012).

  1. ^ a b c "Al-Wāḥāt al-Khārijah (Kism (urban and rural parts), Egypt) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  2. ^ Ball, J. 1900. Kharga Oasis: its topography and geology. Survey Department, Public Works Ministry, Geological Survey Report 1899, Part II. Cairo: National Printing Department, 116 pp.
  3. ^ Maciej Paprocki, Roads in the Deserts of Roman Egypt: Analysis, Atlas, Commentary (Oxbow, 2019), p. 259.
  4. ^ Introduction to Kharga Oasis

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Kharga Oasis

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The Kharga Oasis (Arabic: الخارجة al-Ḫāriǧa, pronounced [elˈxæɾɡæ]) lit. 'the outer'; Coptic: (ϯ)ⲟⲩⲁϩ ⲛ̀ϩⲏⲃ (di)wah enhib, "Oasis of Hib", (ϯ)ⲟⲩⲁϩ ⲙ̀ⲯⲟⲓ...

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Oasis

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In ecology, an oasis (/oʊˈeɪsɪs/; pl.: oases /oʊˈeɪsiːz/) is a fertile area of a desert or semi-desert environment that sustains plant life and provides...

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New Valley Governorate

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just slightly larger than the country of Iraq. The capital is at the Kharga Oasis. New Valley Governate is named after the New Valley Project, which aims...

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Siwa Oasis

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Egyptian word for "oasis", ⲟⲩⲁϩ (ouoh). The additional evidence of the Egyptian source of Siwa's name is another place name in Kharga Oasis that may share...

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Temple of Hibis

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Hibis is the largest and best preserved ancient Egyptian temple in the Kharga Oasis, as well as the only structure in Egypt dating to the Saite-Persian period...

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Igai

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is a genus of titanosaur from the Late Cretaceous Quseir Formation of Kharga Oasis, Egypt. The type species is Igai semkhu. The holotype specimen, VB 621–640...

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Qanat

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Albert T. Olmstead. There are four main oases in the Egyptian desert. The Kharga Oasis is one that has been extensively studied. There is evidence that as early...

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Gertrude Caton Thompson

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Wight Gardner also worked on prehistoric sites at Kharga Oasis in 1930. Her publication of "Kharga Oasis in Prehistory" was the first publication of the...

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Corinna Rossi

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mathematics and Ancient Egyptian architecture, on the archaeology of the Kharga Oasis, and on related topics in the history of Egypt and the Levant. Rossi...

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Theban Desert Road Survey

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on the ancient connections between Thebes and such settlements as the Kharga Oasis. The project uses remote sensing to identify roads and caravan trails...

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Selima Oasis

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track splits into a northern route going to Kharga Oasis and a northwestern route going to Dunqul Oasis. Selima lies at the base of an escarpment of...

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Narmer

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Dawood 1 in the Eastern Desert: Wadi el-Qaash 2 in the Western Desert: Kharga Oasis and Gebel Tjauti During Narmer's reign, Egypt had an active economic...

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Aterian

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(Morocco) Rhafas (Morocco) Dar es Soltan I (Morocco) El Mnasra (Morocco) Kharga Oasis (Egypt) Uan Tabu (Libya) Oued el Akarit(Tunisia) Adrar Bous (Niger) Hardesty...

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Western Oasis Lines

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railway line was built from Safaga at the Red Sea via Qena to Kharga Oasis. In and around Kharga are the underground Tartour mines, in which phosphates were...

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Beja people

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north into Egypt's Eastern Desert. Some Beja groups are nomadic. The Kharga Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert is home to a large number of Qamhat Bisharin...

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Dakhla Oasis

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Western Desert. Dakhla Oasis lies in the New Valley Governorate, 350 km (220 mi.) from the Nile and between the oases of Farafra and Kharga. It measures approximately...

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Colleen Darnell

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Nubian (Pan Grave) pottery manufactured at the site of Umm Mawagir in Kharga Oasis. As curator of the exhibition "Echoes of Egypt: Conjuring the Land of...

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El Bagawat

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cemetery, and one of the oldest in the world, which functioned at the Kharga Oasis in southern-central Egypt from the 3rd to the 7th century AD. It is one...

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History of Persian Egypt

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of Achaemenid Rule in Egypt. University of Michigan UNESCO. (2015). Kharga Oasis and the Small Southern Oases - UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Whc.unesco...

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Psamtik II

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II was also responsible for founding the Temple-house at Hibis in El-Kharga Oasis for the triad of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu with significant installations...

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Salima Ikram

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2001, she has directed the North Kharga Oasis Survey (NKOS) with Corinna Rossi, and directed the North Kharga Oasis Darb Ain Amur Survey and the Amenmesse...

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Ptolemy IV Philopator

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where Ptolemy even bears the title Great king. Alexandria Memphis Tanis Kharga Oasis Edfu Medamud Cusae Dakka Thebes Sehel Philae Koptos Tjebu Like his predecessors...

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Operation Salam

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operation. After crossing the Gilf Kebir they bluffed their way through Kharga Oasis and then dropped Eppler and Sandstede off at the edge of the desert escarpment...

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Herbert Eustis Winlock

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career. Between 1906 and 1931 he took part in excavations at El-Lisht, Kharga Oasis and around Luxor, before serving as director of the Metropolitan Museum...

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List of World Heritage Sites in Egypt

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Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2024. "Kharga Oasis and the Small Southern Oases". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived...

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