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Javakheti information

Historical region
Map highlighting the historical region of Javakheti in Georgia
Map highlighting the historical region of Javakheti in Georgia
Largest cityAkhalkalaki
 • Total2,588 km2 (999 sq mi)
(highest point: Didi Abuli)
3,300 m (10,800 ft)
 • Total69,561
 • Density27/km2 (70/sq mi)

Javakheti (Georgian: ჯავახეთი [dʒɑvɑχɛtʰi]) or Javakhk (Armenian: Ջավախք, Javakhk[a])[2][3] is a historical province in southern Georgia, corresponding to the modern municipalities of Akhalkalaki, Aspindza (partly), Ninotsminda, and partly to the Turkey's Ardahan Province. Historically, Javakheti borders were defined by the Kura River (Mtkvari) to the west, and the Shavsheti, Samsari and Nialiskuri mountains to the north, south and east, respectively. The principal economic activities in this region are subsistence agriculture, particularly potatoes and raising livestock.

In 1995, the Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda districts, comprising the historical territory of Javakheti, were merged with the neighboring land of Samtskhe to form a new administrative region, Samtskhe-Javakheti. As of January 2020, the total population of Samtskhe-Javakheti is 152,100 individuals.[4] Armenians comprise the majority of Javakheti's population. According to the 2014 Georgian census, 93% (41,870) of the inhabitants in Akhalkalaki Municipality and 95% (23,262) in Ninotsminda Municipality were Armenians.[1]

  1. ^ a b "Population Census 2014". National Statistics Office of Georgia. November 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  2. ^ Rezvani, Babak (2014). Conflict and Peace in Central Eurasia: Towards Explanations and Understandings. BRILL. p. 1. ISBN 9789004276369. ...Javakheti (called Javakhk by Armenians).
  3. ^ "Georgian Court Sentences Armenian Activist To 10 Years In Prison". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 8 April 2009. ...Georgian region of Javakheti (Armenian Javakhk)...
  4. ^ "Statistical information about Samtskhe-Javakheti region". National Statistics Office of Georgia.

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Javakheti (Georgian: ჯავახეთი [dʒɑvɑχɛtʰi]) or Javakhk (Armenian: Ջավախք, Javakhk) is a historical province in southern Georgia, corresponding to the...

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Javakheti Plateau

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volcanic plateau within the Caucasus Mountains that covers the Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia, along the border with Turkey and Armenia. Its elevation...

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living in Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia. Javakhians are the indigenous population of Javakheti. In terminology, the name Javakheti is taken from "javakh"...

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Javakheti Range

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Javakheti Range or Javakhk Range (also Kechut Range or Wet Mountains; Georgian: ჯავახეთის ქედი; Armenian: Ջավախքի լեռնաշղթա) – is a volcanic range in...

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Armenian highlands

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The Armenian highlands (Armenian: Հայկական լեռնաշխարհ, romanized: Haykakan leṙnašxarh; also known as the Armenian Upland, Armenian plateau, or Armenian...

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Mossynoeci) were the first known inhabitants of the area of the modern Samtskhe-Javakheti region. Some scholars credit the Mosiniks with the invention of iron metallurgy...

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Western Caucasus. On the southern side, the Lesser Caucasus includes the Javakheti Plateau and the Armenian highlands, part of which is in Turkey. The Caucasus...

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Armenians in Georgia

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Republic of Abkhazia and Samtskhe-Javakheti region. 2014 Census of Georgia puts the Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti at 50.5% of the population. In Abkhazia...

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Javakheti Protected Areas

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Javakheti Protected Areas is located in Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda municipalities in Samtskhe-Javakheti region, Georgia. It includes Javakheti National...

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Javakheti National Park

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National Park Javakheti is located in the Ninotsminda Municipality in south of Georgia on the border with Armenia and Turkey in the Samtskhe–Javakheti region...

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Armenian dram

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the principal currency of Javakheti, making the region a de facto part of the rouble zone. The second currency of Javakheti was the Armenian dram, whereas...

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United Armenia

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the landlocked exclave Nakhchivan (Nakhichevan) of Azerbaijan and the Javakheti (Javakhk) region of Georgia. Nagorno-Karabakh and Javakhk are overwhelmingly...

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Georgian cuisine

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kind of Khachapuri made into a square form). The Cuisine of Samtskhe-Javakheti consists of two regional cuisines: Meskhetian and Javakhetian. Due to...

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United Javakhk Democratic Alliance

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Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia. It has, at various times, called for local autonomy of the predominantly ethnic Armenian area of Javakheti known in...

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Armenian language

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around 130 villages in Shirak Province, and by Armenians in Samtskhe–Javakheti province of Georgia (Akhalkalaki, Akhaltsikhe). Nakhichevan-on-Don Armenians...

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Ukraine, Russia, and Georgia (where they form a majority in the Samtskhe-Javakheti province). In diverse communities (such as in Canada and the U.S.) where...

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Caucasus Mountains

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structure, the Lesser Caucasus Mountains are largely of volcanic origin. The Javakheti Volcanic Plateau in Georgia and the surrounding volcanic ranges which...

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is a small city in Georgia's southwestern region (mkhare) of Samtskhe–Javakheti. It is situated on both banks of a small river Potskhovi (a left tributary...

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List of active separatist movements in Europe

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Forces of South Ossetia Javakheti Ethnic group: Armenians in Samtskhe–Javakheti Proposed: Autonomy for the region Javakhk (Javakheti) Political party: United...

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population of 11,122 (2021). It is one of the municipalities of the Samtskhe–Javakheti region and is situated in the northwestern part of the region in the picturesque...

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Languages of Europe

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Eastern Armenian. It is spoken in Armenia, Artsakh and Georgia (Samtskhe-Javakheti), also Russia, France, Italy, Turkey, Greece, and Cyprus. It is also widely...

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region of Samtskhe–Javakheti and the administrative centre of the Akhalkalaki Municipality. Akhalkalaki lies on the edge of the Javakheti Plateau. The city...

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Ninotsminda (formerly Bogdanovsky) region of Georgia not far from Abul mountain. It is mainly populated by Armenian-Catholics. Samtskhe-Javakheti v t e...

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Peoples of the Caucasus

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though not recognised internationally), Georgia (primarily Samtskhe–Javakheti, Tbilisi, and Abkhazia), and the Russian North Caucasus. The Ossetians...

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