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Italian Eritrea information


Colony of Eritrea
Colonia Eritrea (Italian)
1882–1936
Flag of Italian Eritrea
Flag
Coat of arms of Italian Eritrea
Coat of arms
Eritrea (Africa orthographic projection).svg
StatusColony of Italy
CapitalAsmara
Common languagesItalian (official)
Italian Eritrean, Tigrinya, Tigre, Kunama, Nara, Saho, Bilen, Hejazi
Religion
Catholicism
Oriental Orthodoxy
Islam
King 
• 1882–1900
Umberto I
• 1900–1936
Victor Emmanuel III
Governor 
• 1890 (first)
Baldassarre Orero
• 1935–1936 (last)
Pietro Badoglio
Historical eraNew Imperialism
• Purchase of Assab
15 November 1869
• Government control
5 July 1882
• Expansion into Eritrea
5 February 1885
• Treaty of Wuchale
2 May 1889
• Colony of Eritrea
1 January 1890
• Part of Italian East Africa
1 June 1936
• British occupation
19 May 1941
• Relinquished by Italy
10 February 1947
• End of British occupation
15 September 1952
CurrencyEritrean tallero
(1890–1921)
Italian lira
(1921–36)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Italian Eritrea Medri Bahri
Italian Eritrea Ethiopian Empire
Italian East Africa Italian Eritrea
Today part ofEritrea

Italian Eritrea (Italian: Colonia Eritrea, "Colony of Eritrea") was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy in the territory of present-day Eritrea. The first Italian establishment in the area was the purchase of Assab by the Rubattino Shipping Company in 1869, which came under government control in 1882. Occupation of Massawa in 1885 and the subsequent expansion of territory would gradually engulf the region and in 1889 borders with the Ethiopian Empire were defined in the Treaty of Wuchale. In 1890 the Colony of Eritrea (Italian: Colonia Eritrea) was officially founded.

In 1936 the region was integrated into Italian East Africa as the Eritrea Governorate. This would last until Italy's loss of the region in 1941, during the East African campaign of World War II. Italian Eritrea then came under British military administration, which in 1951 fell under United Nations supervision. In September 1952 it became an autonomous part of Ethiopia, until its independence in 1991.

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Italian Eritrea

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Italian Eritrea (Italian: Colonia Eritrea, "Colony of Eritrea") was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy in the territory of present-day Eritrea. The first...

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Italian Eritreans

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Italian Eritreans (or Eritrean Italians) are Eritrean-born descendants of Italian settlers as well as Italian long-term residents in Eritrea. Their ancestry...

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Eritrea

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(Tigray-Province)). Ferrovia Eritrea Eritrean Railway (in Italian) Atlas of Eritrea About Eritrea (in Italian) Key Development Forecasts for Eritrea from International...

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Italian Eritrean

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Eritrean Pidgin Italian (or Italian Eritrean, as is often called) was a pidgin language used in Italian Eritrea when Eritrea was a colony of Italy (and...

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History of Eritrea

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at Ferrovia Eritrea. (in Italian) "Eritrean Railway Archived 2008-02-03 at the Wayback Machine" at Ferrovia Eritrea. (in Italian) Eritrea- Contenuti Archived...

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Asmara

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peacefully after long periods of conflict. Under Italian rule the city of Asmara was made capital of Eritrea in the last years of the 19th century. Giving...

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Eritreans

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Eritreans are the native inhabitants of Eritrea, as well as the global diaspora of Eritrea. Eritreans constitute several component ethnic groups, some...

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Italian East Africa

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merger of Italian Somalia, Italian Eritrea, and the newly occupied Ethiopian Empire, conquered in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. Italian East Africa...

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Religion in Eritrea

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Religion in Eritrea consists of a number of faiths. The two major religions in Eritrea are Christianity and Islam. However, the number of adherents of...

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List of governors of the governorates of Italian East Africa

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Italian East Africa List of governors-general of Italian East Africa Italian Ethiopia Italian Eritrea List of colonial governors of Italian Eritrea Italian...

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Eritreans in Italy

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Eritreans in Italy are residents of Italy who were born in Eritrea or are of Eritrean descent. According to the United Nations, there were 13,592 Eritrean...

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Eritrean War of Independence

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24 May 1991. Eritrea was an Italian colony from the 1880s until the defeat of the Italians by the Allies of World War II in 1941, Eritrea then briefly...

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Eritrea Province

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the Italian Colony of Eritrea in 1890, following the expansion of Italian occupation in the area since in 1882. The borders between Italian Eritrea and...

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Eritrean cuisine

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needed] Additionally, owing to its colonial history, cuisine in Eritrea features more Italian influences than are present in Ethiopian cooking, including...

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Languages of Eritrea

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spoken in Eritrea are Tigrinya, Tigre, Kunama, Bilen, Nara, Saho, Afar, Beja. Tigrinya, Arabic, English language and historically Italian language serve...

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Italian sloop Eritrea

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Eritrea was a colonial ship of the Italian Regia Marina constructed in the Castellammare Shipyards near Napoli. Construction started in 1935 and she was...

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Italian Eritrean cuisine

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Italian Eritrean cuisine is the mix of Eritrean dishes and spices with Italian dishes. This kind of cuisine is quite common with Eritreans in Eritrea...

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Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea

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The Ethiopian–Eritrean Federation was a coalition between the former Italian colony of Eritrea and the Ethiopian Empire. It was established as a result...

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Italian Ethiopia

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Orientale Italiana" on it.[citation needed] Italian East Africa topics Italians of Ethiopia Italian Eritrea Italian Somalia Linea dell'Impero Prince Amedeo...

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Royal Corps of Eritrean Colonial Troops

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the Italian administration and military training in Eritrea The Italian Army made extensive use of locally recruited indigenous soldiers in Italian East...

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Demographics of Eritrea

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are also a number of Italians who speak their native Italian language. The majority of the Tigrinya inhabit the highlands of Eritrea; however, migration...

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Italian Empire

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Massawa to Italy to form the colony of Italian Eritrea, and – at least, according to the Italian version of the treaty – made Ethiopia an Italian protectorate...

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Kingdom of Italy

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states. These included Eritrea, Italian Somaliland, Libya, Ethiopia (annexed by Italy from 1936 to 1941), Albania (an italian protectorate since 1939)...

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Massawa

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romanized: məṣṣəwaʿ; Ge'ez: ምጽዋ; Arabic: مصوع; Italian: Massaua; Portuguese: Maçuá) is a port city in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea, located on the Red Sea at the...

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Culture of Eritrea

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served. In addition, Eritrean cuisine has a lot of Italian dishes from the Italian Eritrean cuisine introduced during Italian Eritrea. It is more common...

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Eritrean Railway

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The Eritrean Railway is the only railway system in Eritrea. It was constructed between 1887 and 1932 during the Italian Eritrea colony and connects the...

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Education in Eritrea

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officially created by the Italian government the first two elementary schools in Italian Eritrea, with two teachers from Italy: the first and main in Asmara...

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