Peninsula in East Africa including Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia
"Geeska Afrika" redirects here. For the Somali-language newspaper, see Geeska Afrika (newspaper).
Coordinates: 09°N48°E / 9°N 48°E / 9; 48
Horn of Africa
4 sovereign states
1 de facto state with limited recognition
140,683,144 (2020 est.)
The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula and geopolitical region in East Africa. Located on the easternmost part of the African mainland, it is the fourth largest peninsula in the world. It is composed of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Djibouti; broader definitions also include parts or all of Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, and Uganda. The term Greater Horn Region (GHR) can additionally include Burundi, Rwanda, and Tanzania. It lies along the southern boundary of the Red Sea and extends hundreds of kilometres into the Guardafui Channel, Gulf of Aden, and Indian Ocean and shares a maritime border with the Arabian Peninsula of Western Asia.[better source needed]
^Encyclopædia Britannica, inc, Jacob E. Safra, The New Encyclopædia Britannica, (Encyclopædia Britannica: 2002), p.61: "The northern mountainous area, known as the Horn of Africa, comprises Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia."
^Michael Hodd, East Africa Handbook, 7th Edition, (Passport Books: 2002), p. 21: "To the north are the countries of the Horn of Africa comprising Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somaliland."
^Christy A. Donaldson (2014). Encyclopedia of World Geography - Horn of Africa. Infobase Publishing. pp. 422–424. ISBN 978-0-8160-7229-3. This area is also known as the Somali Peninsula, because within it lies the countries of Somalia and eastern Ethiopia.
^"Rethinking Pastoralism and African Development: a case study of the Horn of Africa" (PDF). October 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2021. The Horn of Africa (or, Somali Peninsula) is a peninsula of Eastern Africa.
^Brock Millman (2013). British Somaliland An Administrative History, 1920-1960. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-317-97544-1.
^Robert Stock, Africa South of the Sahara, Second Edition: A Geographical Interpretation, (The Guilford Press; 2004), p. 26
^"Horn of Africa". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
^Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa. Boydell & Brewer. 2012. ISBN 978-1-84701-058-2. JSTOR 10.7722/j.ctt1x73f1.
^"Horn of Africa | Countries, Map, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 19 December 2021.