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Hisham ibn Urwah information


Hisham ibn Urwah
هشام بن عروة
Personal
Born
Hisham ibn Urwah ibn Zubayr ibn al-Awwam ibn Khuwaylid al-Qurashi al-Asadi

c. 680
Medina
Diedc. 763
Baghdad
ReligionIslam
SpouseFatima bint Mundhir
EraCaliphate era
RegionMuslim scholar
Main interest(s)Hadith
Muslim leader
Influenced by
  • Urwah ibn Zubayr, Ja'far al-Sadiq
Influenced
  • Malik ibn Anas[1]

Hishām ibn ʿUrwah (Arabic: هشام بن عروة, c. 680–763) was a prominent narrator of hadith.

He was born in Medina in the year 61 A.H. (680 C.E.).[2] His father was Urwah ibn al-Zubayr, the son of Zubayr ibn al-Awwam and Asma bint Abu Bakr, and his mother was an unnamed concubine.[3]

He married Fatima bint Mundhir, and their children were al-Zubayr, Urwah and Muhammad.[3]: 294 

As a narrator, Hisham is described as "reliable and firm, with a lot of hadith, and he was an authority." He narrated from his father, Urwah; from his wife, Fatima; and from Wahb ibn Kaysan.[3]: 294  Among his pupils was Malik ibn Anas.[1] The young Muhammad ibn Umar al-Waqidi also listened to him;[3]: 294  however, al-Waqidi would have been only 16 years old when Hisham died.[3]: 388 

However, Hisham is described as being unreliable after moving to Iraq by Ya'qub bin Shayba and even Malik Ibn Anas went so far as to refuse any reports from him after moving there. In addition, according to Al-Dhahabi, Hisham's memory declined due to old age.[4]

Hisham died in Baghdad[3]: 294  in 146 A.H. (763 C.E.)[2]

  1. ^ a b Ayesha's Age
  2. ^ a b Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib, xi, 51: see also Al-Dhahabi, Mīzān al-I'tidāl.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Muhammad ibn Sa'd. The Men of Madina Volume II. Translated by Aisha Bewley. London: Ta-Ha (2000).
  4. ^ Little, J. J. The Hadith of ʿĀʾišah’s Marital Age: a Study in the Evolution of Early Islamic Historical Memory. University of Oxford, 2022.

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