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Hanbali information


The Hanbali school (Arabic: ٱلْمَذْهَب ٱلْحَنۢبَلِي, romanized: al-maḏhab al-ḥanbalī) is one of the four major traditional Sunni schools (madhahib) of Islamic jurisprudence.[1] It is named after the Arab scholar Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855), and was institutionalized by his students. The Hanbali madhhab is the smallest of four major Sunni schools, the others being the Hanafi, Maliki and Shafi`i.[2][3]

The Hanbali school derives sharia primarily from the Qur'an, the Hadiths (sayings and customs of Muhammad), and the views of Sahabah (Muhammad's companions).[1] In cases where there is no clear answer in sacred texts of Islam, the Hanbali school does not accept istihsan (jurist discretion) or 'urf (customs of a community) as a sound basis to derive Islamic law, a method that Hanafi and Maliki Sunni madh'habs accept. Hanbali school is the strict traditionalist school of jurisprudence in Sunni Islam.[4] It is found primarily in the countries of Saudi Arabia and Qatar, where it is the official Fiqh.[5][6] Hanbali followers are the demographic majority in four emirates of UAE (Sharjah, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Ajman).[7] Large minorities of Hanbali followers are also found in Bahrain, Syria, Oman and Yemen and among Iraqi and Jordanian bedouins.[5][8]

The Hanbali school experienced a reformation during the 18th-century Wahhabi movement.[9] Historically the school was small; during the 18th to early-20th century Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab and Al Saud greatly aided its propagation around the world by way of their interpretation of the school's teachings.[9] As a result of this, the school's name has become a controversial one in certain quarters of the Islamic world due to the influence he is believed by some to have had upon these teachings, which cites Ahmad Ibn Hanbal as a principal influence along with the thirteenth-century Hanbali reformer Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah. However, it has been argued by certain scholars that Ibn Hanbal's own beliefs actually played "no real part in the establishment of the central doctrines of Wahhabism,"[10] as there is evidence, according to the same authors, that "the older Hanbalite authorities had doctrinal concerns very different from those of the Wahhabis,"[10] as medieval Hanbali literature is rich in references to saints, grave visitation, miracles, and relics.[11] For example, contemporary Hanbali scholars, Muhammad Abdul-Wahid Al-Azhari and Yusuf Sadiq, openly criticize the followers of Ibn Abdul Wahhab and the former says they are not to be called Hanbalis.[12] Historically, the Hanbali school was treated as simply another valid interpretation of Shariat (Islamic law), and many prominent medieval Sufis, such as Abdul Qadir Gilani, were Hanbali jurists and mystics at the same time.[11]

  1. ^ a b Ramadan, Hisham M. (2006). Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary. Rowman Altamira. pp. 24–29. ISBN 978-0-7591-0991-9.
  2. ^ Gregory Mack, Jurisprudence, in Gerhard Böwering et al (2012), The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-13484-0, p. 289
  3. ^ "Sunnite". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2014.
  4. ^ Ziauddin Sardar (2014), Mecca: The Sacred City, Bloomsbury, ISBN 978-1-62040-266-5, p. 100
  5. ^ a b Daryl Champion (2002), The Paradoxical Kingdom: Saudi Arabia and the Momentum of Reform, Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-12814-8, p. 23 footnote 7
  6. ^ State of Qatar School of Law, Emory University
  7. ^ Barry Rubin (2009), Guide to Islamist Movements, Volume 2, ME Sharpe, ISBN 978-0-7656-1747-7, p. 310
  8. ^ Mohammad Hashim Kamali (2008), Shari'ah Law: An Introduction, ISBN 978-1-85168-565-3, Chapter 4
  9. ^ a b Zaman, Muhammad (2012). Modern Islamic thought in a radical age. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15–17, 62–95. ISBN 978-1-107-09645-5.
  10. ^ a b Michael Cook, “On the Origins of Wahhābism,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Jul., 1992), p. 198
  11. ^ a b Christopher Melchert, The Ḥanābila and the Early Sufis, Arabica, T. 48, Fasc. 3 (Brill, 2001); cf. Ibn al-Jawzī, Manāqib al-imām Aḥmad, ed. ʿĀdil Nuwayhiḍ, Beirut 1393/1973
  12. ^ "قناة محبي الشيخ محمد عبدالواحد الحنبلي - YouTube". www.youtube.com.

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Hanbali

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The Hanbali school (Arabic: ٱلْمَذْهَب ٱلْحَنۢبَلِي, romanized: al-maḏhab al-ḥanbalī) is one of the four major traditional Sunni schools (madhahib) of...

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Madhhab

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jurisprudence). The major Sunni Mathhab are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali. They emerged in the ninth and tenth centuries CE and by the twelfth century...

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Abdul Qadir Gilani

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Muslim preacher, ascetic, mystic, jurist, and theologian belonging to the Hanbali school, known for being the eponymous founder of the Qadiriyya tariqa (Sufi...

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Hanbali Mosque

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The Hanbali Mosque (also known as Hanabila Mosque; Arabic: المسجد الحنبلي) is a major mosque in central Nablus off Jama'a Kabir Street south of Martyr's...

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Ibn Rajab

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Ahmad ibn Rajab (736-795 AH/1335–1393 CE), best known as Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali and also Ibn Rajab, which was a nickname he inherited from his grandfather...

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Athari

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Muslim scholars in the Hanbali school of jurisprudence has adhered to the Atharī creed (ʿaqīdah), many sources refer to it as Hanbali theology, although Western...

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Ahmad ibn Hanbal

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Muslim jurist, theologian, ascetic, hadith traditionist, and founder of the Hanbali school of Sunni jurisprudence — one of the four major orthodox legal schools...

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Asr prayer

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such as when various needs or difficulties arise (taking precedence from Hanbali and Shafiite schools).[citation needed] The Asr daily prayer is mentioned...

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Iran

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Official Islam, Shia Minorities Islam Zaydi Shi'a Sunni: Hanafi Shafi'i Maliki Hanbali Christianity Armenian Assyrian Chaldean Judaism Zoroastrianism...

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Wahhabism

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his followers were highly inspired by the influential thirteenth-century Hanbali scholar Ibn Taymiyyah (1263–1328 C.E/ 661 – 728 A.H) who called for a return...

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University

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taught according to one or more Sunni rites: Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanafi, or Hanbali. It was supported by an endowment or charitable trust (waqf) that provided...

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Saad al Ghamdi

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1967 (age 54–55) Dammam, Saudi Arabia Religion Islam Nationality Saudi Jurisprudence Hanbali Education Mecca Occupation Qari imam Habib ustad Ulama da'i...

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Umar

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ibn Affan Ali ibn Abi Talib Sunni schools of law Hanafi Maliki Shafi'i Hanbali Others Zahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi Jariri Sunni schools of theology Ahl...

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Allah

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Tafsir Seerah Story of Prophets Denominations Sunni Ash'ari, Maturidi and Hanbali Sufi Salafi Shia Twelver Shia Isma'ilism Alawites Alevism Bektashi Alevism...

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Tafsir Seerah Story of Prophets Denominations Sunni Ash'ari, Maturidi and Hanbali Sufi Salafi Shia Twelver Shia Isma'ilism Alawites Alevism Bektashi Alevism...

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Qutb Shah

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teachings of his cousin, Abdul Qadir Gilani, and ended up becoming a Hanbali-Zaydi. His Hanbali-Zaydi Sufi school tried to integrate perfectionism of commandments...

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Ottoman Empire

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the controversial rulings of Ibn Taymiyya, a member of the conservative Hanbali school. In 1514, Sultan Selim I ordered the massacre of 40,000 Anatolian...

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Salafi movement

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the Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali, Hanafi or Zahirite law schools of Sunni Fiqh. In theology, Salafis are highly influenced by Hanbali doctrines. The followers...

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Sunni Islam

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the predicate sunnī jama („Jammatic Sunnite“). This indicates that the Hanbalis were the first to use the phrase ahl as-sunna wal-ǧamāʿa as a self-designation...

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Tashahhud

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Abdullah ibn Masud is used by Sunni Muslims from both the Hanafi and the Hanbali schools, as well as the non-Sunni Ibadi Muslims: ٱلتَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّٰهِ...

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al-Din al-Maqdisi, a Hanbali Islamic scholar Ibn Qudamah, Imam Mawaffaq ad-Din Abdullah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi, a Hanbali Islamic scholar Kamel...

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Halal

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