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Giza information

جيزة (Egyptian Arabic)
All Gizah Pyramids.jpg
Great Sphinx of Giza May 2015.JPG
Clockwise from top:
Giza panorama, Pyramids of Giza, Great Sphinx of Giza, Cairo University
Flag of Giza
Official seal of Giza
Giza is located in Egypt
Location of Giza within Egypt
Giza is located in Africa
Giza (Africa)
Coordinates: 29°59′13″N 31°12′42″E / 29.9870°N 31.2118°E / 29.9870; 31.2118Coordinates: 29°59′13″N 31°12′42″E / 29.9870°N 31.2118°E / 29.9870; 31.2118
Founded642 AD
 • GovernorAhmed Rashed [1]
 • City1,579.75 km2 (609.94 sq mi)
19 m (62 ft)
 • City9,200,000
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Demonym
Gizan Gizanne
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)
Area code(+20) 2

Giza (/ˈɡzə/; sometimes spelled Gizah, Geeza; Egyptian Arabic: جيزة el-Gīza, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [el ˈgiːze]) is the second-largest city in Egypt after Cairo and fourth-largest city in Africa after Kinshasa, Lagos and Cairo. It is the capital of Giza Governorate with a total population of 9.2 million as of 2021. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, 4.9 km (3 mi) southwest of central Cairo, and is a part of the Greater Cairo metropolis. Giza lies less than 30 km (18.64 mi) north of Memphis (Men-nefer), which was the capital city of the first unified Egyptian state from the days of the first pharaoh, Narmer.

Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau, the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to its location close to Memphis, the ancient pharaonic capital of the Old Kingdom.

  1. ^ "محافظ الجيزة يترأس اجتماع اللجنة التنفيذية للمبادرة الوطنية للمشروعات الخضراء الذكية", Masrawy
  2. ^ "الجهاز المركزي للتعبئة العامة والإحصاء". Archived from the original on 1 October 2018. Retrieved 27 October 2018.

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Giza (/ˈɡiːzə/; sometimes spelled Gizah, Geeza; Egyptian Arabic: جيزة el-Gīza, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [el ˈgiːze]) is the second-largest city...

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Giza pyramid complex

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The Giza pyramid complex (Arabic: مجمع أهرامات الجيزة), also called the Giza necropolis, is the site on the Giza Plateau in Greater Cairo, Egypt that includes...

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Great Pyramid of Giza

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The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid and the tomb of Fourth Dynasty pharaoh Khufu. Built in the early 26th century BC during a period...

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Great Sphinx of Giza

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The Great Sphinx of Giza is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx, a mythical creature with the head of a human, and the body of a lion. Facing directly...

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Giza Plateau

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The Giza Plateau (Arabic: هضبة الجيزة) is a plateau in Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, site of the Fourth Dynasty Giza Necropolis, which includes...

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Egyptian pyramids

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most famous Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo. Several of the Giza pyramids are counted among the largest structures...

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Giza Governorate

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Giza Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الجيزة Muḥāfaẓah Al Jizah) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is in the center of the country, situated on the west...

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Orion correlation theory

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(or Giza–Orion correlation theory) is a fringe theory in Egyptology explaining a possible purpose in the arrangement of the pyramid complex at Giza. It...

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Grand Egyptian Museum

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al-Maṣriyy al-Kabīr), also known as the Giza Museum, is an archaeological museum under construction in Giza, Egypt. When inaugurated, the GEM will be...

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Abelard Giza

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Abelard Piotr Giza (born 15 November 1980) is a comedian and screenwriter. He was a leader and founder of the Kabaret Limo, a cabaret group that existed...

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Piotr Giza

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Piotr Giza (born February 28, 1980) is a Polish former footballer who played as a central midfielder or attacking midfielder. Born in Kraków, Giza moved...

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Pyramid of Menkaure

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pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three main Pyramids of Giza, located on the Giza Plateau in the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. It is thought...

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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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over the centuries, the seven traditional wonders are the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus...

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Giza Studio

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Giza Studio (ギザ ステューディオ, Giza Sutyūdio) is a Japanese record label. The Giza Studio started as an indie label in the late 1990s under the name Garage Indies...

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Wonders of the World

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in other writings. The classic Seven Wonders were: Great Pyramid of Giza, in El Giza, Egypt, the earliest of the wonders to be completed, as well as the...

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Giza Zoo

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The Giza Zoo (Egyptian Arabic: حَدِيْقَة حَيْوَان ٱلْجِيْزَة, romanized: Ḥadīqat Ḥaywān Al-Gīzah) is a zoological garden in Giza, Egypt. It is one of the...

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famous sphinx is the Great Sphinx of Giza, situated on the Giza Plateau adjacent to the Great Pyramids of Giza on the west bank of the Nile River and...

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Sphinx International Airport

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Airport (IATA: SPX, ICAO: HESX) is a public airport, serving the city of Giza, on the western side of Cairo, Egypt. The airport is adjacent to and shares...

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Greater Cairo

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of all cities in the Cairo Governorate as well as Giza, 6th of October, Sheikh Zayed City in the Giza Governorate and Shubra El Kheima, Banha and Obour...

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FF Giza

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Fótbóltsfelagið Giza, commonly known as FF Giza, was a Faroese football club from Tórshavn. The club was founded in 2008 by some friends who at that time...

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New 7 Wonders of the World

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sometimes as a single word. The Great Pyramid of Giza, largest and oldest of the three pyramids at the Giza Necropolis in Egypt and the only surviving of...

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organised religion and central government. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak...

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Giza Solar boat museum

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The Giza Solar boat museum was dedicated to display the reconstructed Khufu ship, a solar barque of pharaoh Khufu. It was constructed between 1961 and...

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Geographical centre of Earth

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800 km north of Giza. In 2003, a refined result was yielded by Holger Isenberg: 40°52′N 34°34′E / 40.867°N 34.567°E / 40.867; 34.567 (Giza, Center of Earth...

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Giza writing board

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The Giza writing board (also named Giza king list) is an ancient Egyptian artefact created during the late Fifth Dynasty (c. 2494 – c. 2345 BCE) or early...

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Fourth Dynasty of Egypt

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step pyramids to the smooth sided “true” pyramids, such as those on the Giza Plateau. No other period in Egypt's history equaled Dynasty IV's architectural...

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pseudoscientific speculations regarding pyramids, most often the Giza pyramid complex and the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. Some "pyramidologists" also concern themselves...

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Barbara Giza

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Barbara Giza (Polish: Barbara Gizanka; ca. 1550 – May 1589), was the mistress of King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland during 1570-1572. She was the daughter...

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New Giza University

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University (NGU) (Arabic: جامعة الجيزة الجديدة) is a private university in Giza, Egypt, founded in 2016. It has a partnership with University College London...

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6th of October Governorate

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April 2011 and was reincorporated into the Giza Governorate. The 6th of October Governorate was split from the Giza Governorate on 17 April 2008. It was created...

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The Great Pyramids of Giza are regarded as one of the greatest architectural feats of all time and are one of Seven Wonders of the Ancient World...

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Sphinx water erosion hypothesis

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erosion hypothesis is a fringe claim, contending that the Great Sphinx of Giza and its enclosing walls eroded primarily due to ancient floods or rainfalls...

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Giza church fire

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at the Abu Sefein Church, a Coptic church in the Imbaba neighborhood of Giza on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. The fire started during Sunday worship...

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Khufu ship

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sail today if put into a lake or a river. The ship was preserved in the Giza Solar boat museum, but was relocated to the Grand Egyptian Museum in August...

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Old Kingdom of Egypt

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and the kings Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure, who constructed the pyramids at Giza. Egypt attained its first sustained peak of civilization during the Old Kingdom...

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best-known ancient Egyptian necropolis is the Giza Necropolis. Made famous by the Great Pyramid of Giza, which was included in the Seven Wonders of the...

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Giza Peak

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Giza Peak (71°20′S 68°16′W / 71.333°S 68.267°W / -71.333; -68.267Coordinates: 71°20′S 68°16′W / 71.333°S 68.267°W / -71.333; -68.267) is a peak rising...

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the world by population. Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the Giza pyramid complex and the ancient cities of Memphis and Heliopolis are located...

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Giza East Field

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The East Field is located to the east of the Great Pyramid of Giza and contains cemetery G 7000. This cemetery was a burial place for some of the family...

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Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Giza

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The Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Giza is an Eastern Catholic diocese in Giza. It is one of the suffragan sees comprising the sole ecclesiastical province...

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