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Giza
الجيزة (Egyptian Arabic)
City
Giza-Nile.JPG
Giza-pyramids.JPG
All Gizah Pyramids.jpg
Great Sphinx of Giza May 2015.JPG
CairoUniv.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Giza panorama, Pyramids of Giza, Cairo University, Great Sphinx of Giza, aerial view of Pyramids
Flag of Giza
Official seal of Giza
Giza is located in Egypt
Giza
Giza
Location of Giza within Egypt
Giza is located in Africa
Giza
Giza
Giza (Africa)
Coordinates: 29°59′13″N 31°12′42″E / 29.9870°N 31.2118°E / 29.9870; 31.2118Coordinates: 29°59′13″N 31°12′42″E / 29.9870°N 31.2118°E / 29.9870; 31.2118
CountryGiza Egypt
GovernorateGiza
Founded642 AD
Government
 • GovernorAhmed Rashed [1]
Area
 • City1,579.75 km2 (609.94 sq mi)
Elevation
19 m (62 ft)
Population
 (2021[2])
 • City9,200,000
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,498,518
 • Demonym
Gizan Gizanne
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)
Area code(+20) 2
WebsiteGiza.gov.eg

Giza (/ˈɡzə/; sometimes spelled Gizah, Geeza, Standard Arabic: Jiza; Egyptian Arabic: الجيزة el-Gīza [elˈgiːzæ]) is the second-largest city in Egypt after Cairo and fourth-largest city in Africa after Kinshasa, Lagos and Cairo. It is the capital of Giza Governorate with a total population of 9.2 million as of 2021. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, 4.9 km (3 mi) southwest of central Cairo, and is a part of the Greater Cairo metropolis. Giza lies less than 30 km (18.64 mi) north of Memphis (Men-nefer), which was the capital city of the first unified Egyptian state from the days of the first pharaoh, Narmer.

Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau, the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to its location close to Memphis, the ancient pharaonic capital of the Old Kingdom.

  1. ^ "محافظ الجيزة يترأس اجتماع اللجنة التنفيذية للمبادرة الوطنية للمشروعات الخضراء الذكية", Masrawy
  2. ^ "الجهاز المركزي للتعبئة العامة والإحصاء". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 1 October 2018. Retrieved 27 October 2018.

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Giza

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Giza (/ˈɡiːzə/; sometimes spelled Gizah, Geeza, Standard Arabic: Jiza; Egyptian Arabic: الجيزة el-Gīza [elˈgiːzæ]) is the second-largest city in Egypt...

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Giza pyramid complex

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The Giza pyramid complex (Arabic: أهرامات الجيزة), also called the Giza necropolis, or the Giza Pyramids Plateau in Giza, Egypt is home to the Great Pyramid...

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Great Pyramid of Giza

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The Great Pyramid of Giza is the biggest Egyptian pyramid and the tomb of Fourth Dynasty pharaoh Khufu. Built in the early 26th century BC during a period...

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Egyptian pyramids

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most famous Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo. Several of the Giza pyramids are counted among the largest structures...

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Great Sphinx of Giza

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The Great Sphinx of Giza is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx, a mythical creature with the head of a human, and the body of a lion. Facing directly...

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Giza Plateau

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The Giza Plateau (Arabic: هضبة الجيزة) is a limestone plateau in Giza, Egypt, the site of the Fourth Dynasty Giza pyramid complex, which includes the...

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Orion correlation theory

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arrangement of the Giza pyramid complex. It posits that there is a correlation between the location of the three largest pyramids of the Giza pyramid complex...

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Giza Studio

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Giza Studio (ギザ ステューディオ, Giza Sutyūdio) is a Japanese record label. The Giza Studio started as an indie label in the late 1990s under the name Garage Indies...

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Giza Governorate

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Giza Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الجيزة Muḥāfaẓah Al Jizah) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is in the center of the country, situated on the west...

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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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over the centuries, the seven traditional wonders are the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus...

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Giza Zoo

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The Giza Zoo (Egyptian Arabic: حَدِيْقَة حَيْوَان ٱلْجِيْزَة, romanized: Ḥadīqat Ḥaywān Al-Gīzah) is a zoological garden in Giza, Egypt. It is one of the...

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Grand Egyptian Museum

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al-Maṣriyy al-Kabīr), also known as the Giza Museum, is an archaeological museum under construction in Giza, Egypt. It will house artifacts of ancient...

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FF Giza

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Fótbóltsfelagið Giza, commonly known as FF Giza, was a Faroese football club from Tórshavn. The club was founded in 2008 by some friends, who played for...

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Sphinx International Airport

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Airport (IATA: SPX, ICAO: HESX) is a public airport, serving the city of Giza, on the western side of Cairo, Egypt. In October 2017, it was announced that...

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Barbara Giza

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Barbara Giza (Polish: Barbara Gizanka; ca. 1550 – May 1589), was the mistress of King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland during 1570-1572. She was the daughter...

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Wonders of the World

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in other writings. The classic Seven Wonders were: Great Pyramid of Giza, in El Giza, Egypt, the earliest of the wonders to be completed, as well as the...

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Giza writing board

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The Giza writing board (also named Giza king list) is an ancient Egyptian artefact created during the late Fifth Dynasty (c. 2494 – c. 2345 BCE) or early...

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Abelard Giza

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Abelard Piotr Giza (born 15 November 1980) is a comedian and screenwriter. He was a leader and founder of the Kabaret Limo, a cabaret group that existed...

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Pyramid of Menkaure

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Menkaure is the smallest of the three main pyramids of the Giza pyramid complex, located on the Giza Plateau in the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt...

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Giza Solar boat museum

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The Giza Solar boat museum was dedicated to display the reconstructed Khufu ship, a solar barque of pharaoh Khufu. It was constructed between 1961 and...

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Piotr Giza

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Piotr Giza (born February 28, 1980) is a Polish former footballer who played as a central midfielder or attacking midfielder. Born in Kraków, Giza moved...

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Geographical centre of Earth

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Charles Piazzi Smyth's 1864 definition of the geographical center of Earth: Giza, Egypt. Show map of Earth Geographical centre of Earth (Middle East) Show...

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Sphinx water erosion hypothesis

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erosion hypothesis is a fringe claim, contending that the Great Sphinx of Giza and its enclosing walls eroded primarily due to ancient floods or rainfalls...

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Abd El Gilil

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is a town in the Giza Governorate, Egypt. The distance between Abd El Gilil and Giza is approximately 69 km, the capital of the Giza Governorate, and...

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Architecture

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Germany), circa 575 BC Ancient Egyptian architecture: The Great Pyramid of Giza (Giza, Egypt), circa 2589–2566 BC, by Hemiunu Ancient Greek architecture: The...

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