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Fula people information


Fulani, Fula
Fulɓe
𞤊𞤵𞤤𞤩𞤫
Fulani men during Guérewol, Niger
Total population
est. 38.6 million[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
West Africa, North Africa and Central Africa
Fula people Nigeria15,300,000 (6.6%)[1]
Fula people Senegal5,055,782 (27.5%)[2]
Fula people Guinea4,544,000 (33.4%)[3]
Fula people Cameroon3,000,000 (13.4%)[4][5]
Fula people Mali2,840,850 (13.3%)[6]
Fula people Burkina Faso1,800,000 (8.4%)[7]
Fula people Niger1,650,000 (6.5%)[8]
Fula people Benin1,182,900 (8.6%)[9]
Fula people Mauritania900,000 (18.3%)[10]
Fula people Guinea-Bissau623,646 (30%)[11]
Fula people Gambia449,280 (18.2%)[12]
Fula people Chad334,000 (1.8%)[13]
Fula people Sierra Leone310,000 (5%)[14]
Fula people CAR250,000 (4.5%)[15]
Fula people Sudan204,000 (0.4%)[16]
Fula people Togo110,000 (1.2%)[17]
Fula people Ghana4,240 (0.01%)[18]
Fula people South Sudan4,000 (0.02%)[19]
Fula people Algeria4,000 (0.01%)[20]
Fula people Ivory Coast3,800 (0.02%)[15]
Languages
Fula • French • Portuguese • English • Arabic • Hausa
Religion
Primarily Islam[21]
Related ethnic groups
Toucouleur, Tuareg, Hausa, Tebu, Serer, Songhay, Berber Tribes[22]
PersonPullo 𞤆𞤵𞤤𞥆𞤮
PeopleFulɓe 𞤊𞤵𞤤𞤩𞤫
LanguagePulaar (𞤆𞤵𞤤𞤢𞥄𞤪, West),
Fulfulde (𞤊𞤵𞤤𞤬𞤵𞤤𞤣𞤫, East)

The Fula, Fulani, or Fulɓe people[a] is an ethnic group in Sahara, Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.[23] Inhabiting many countries, they live mainly in West Africa and northern parts of Central Africa, South Sudan, Darfur, and regions near the Red Sea coast in Sudan. The approximate number of Fula people is unknown, due to clashing definitions regarding Fula ethnicity. Various estimates put the figure between 25[24][25] and 40 million people worldwide.[26]

A significant proportion of the Fula – a third, or an estimated 7 to 10 million[27] – are pastoralists, and their ethnic group has the largest nomadic pastoral community in the world.[28][29] The majority of the Fula ethnic group consisted of semi-sedentary people,[29] as well as sedentary settled farmers, scholars, artisans, merchants, and nobility.[30][31] As an ethnic group, they are bound together by the Fula language, their history[32][33][34] and their culture. The Fula are almost completely Muslims.[35][36]

Many West African leaders are of Fulani descent, including the former President of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari; former president of Cameroon Ahmadou Ahidjo; President of Senegal, Macky Sall; the President of Gambia, Adama Barrow; the President of Guinea-Bissau, Umaro Sissoco Embaló; the Vice President of Sierra Leone, Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh; the Prime Minister of Mali, Boubou Cisse and the Wife of Vice President of Ghana Samira Bawumia. They also occupy positions in major international institutions, such as the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Amina J. Mohammed; the 74th President of the United Nations General Assembly, Tijjani Muhammad-Bande; and the Secretary-General of OPEC, Mohammed Sanusi Barkindo.

  1. ^ Wealth, household heterogeneity and livelihood diversification of Fulani pastoralists in the Kachia Grazing Reserve, northern Nigeria, during a period of social transition on PubMed Central, access-date=2023-10-14
  2. ^ "Africa: Senegal The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 2019. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Africa: Guinea The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 2023. Retrieved 2 August 2023.
  4. ^ "L'ethnie peul au Cameroun Cameroon". 15 October 2023. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Mbororo/Fulani/Peul". 15 October 2023. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Africa: Mali – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Africa: Burkina Faso The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 2019. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  8. ^ "Africa: Niger – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  9. ^ "PRINCIPAUX INDICATEURS SOCIO DEMOGRAPHIQUES ET ECONOMIQUES" (PDF). 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  10. ^ "What Is The Ethnic Composition Of Mauritania?". www.worldatlas.com. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Africa: Guinea-Bissau – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Distribution of the Gambian population by ethnicity 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2013 Censuses – GBoS". www.gbosdata.org. Archived from the original on 2021-11-19. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
  13. ^ "Africa: Chad – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Sierra Leone 2015 Population and Housing Census National Analytical Report" (PDF). Statistics Sierra Leone. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Fulani people and Jihadism in Sahel and West African countries :: Observatoire of Arab-Muslim World and Sahel :: Foundation for Strategic Research :: FRS". www.frstrategie.org. Retrieved 2021-06-21.
  16. ^ "Adamawa Fulfulde". Ethnologue. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  17. ^ "Borgu Fulfude". Ethnologue. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  18. ^ "Maasina Fulfulde". Ethnologue. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  19. ^ "No South Sudan Passports for Fulani, Officials Say | Voice of America – English". www.voanews.com. Retrieved 2021-09-05.
  20. ^ Algerian man Salim A. who worked with Fula-Nomadic communities in Southern Algeria, verifys Fulani presence. This constitutes a Primary Source – eye witness.
  21. ^ "Fulani | People, Religion, & Nigeria | Britannica". 25 August 2023.
  22. ^ Francis Rodd (1926) – Origins of Tuareg people; H.R. Palmer (1914) – M. Delafosse's Account of the Fulani, Taylor White (1921)
  23. ^ Cite error: The named reference Juang2008p492 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  24. ^ Felicity Crowe (2010). Modern Muslim Societies. Marshall Cavendish. p. 262. ISBN 978-0-7614-7927-7.
  25. ^ Steven L. Danver (2015). Native Peoples of the World: An Encyclopedia of Groups, Cultures and Contemporary Issues. Routledge. pp. 31–32. ISBN 978-1-317-46400-6.
  26. ^ "Fulbe". homepage.univie.ac.at (in German). Archived from the original on 24 November 2021. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  27. ^ David Levinson (1996). "Fulani". Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Africa and the Middle East, Volume 9. Gale Group. ISBN 978-0-8161-1808-3.
  28. ^ Anthony Appiah; Henry Louis Gates (2010). Encyclopedia of Africa. Oxford University Press. p. 495. ISBN 978-0-19-533770-9.
  29. ^ a b David Levinson (1996). "Fulani". Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Africa and the Middle East, Volume 9. Gale Group. ISBN 978-0-8161-1808-3., Quote: The Fulani form the largest pastoral nomadic group in the world. The Bororo'en are noted for the size of their cattle herds. In addition to fully nomadic groups, however, there are also semisedentary Fulani —Fulbe Laddi— who also farm, although they argue that they do so out of necessity, not choice.
  30. ^ Cite error: The named reference decorsefula was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  31. ^ Anthony Appiah; Henry Louis Gates (2010). Encyclopedia of Africa. Oxford University Press. pp. 495–496. ISBN 978-0-19-533770-9.
  32. ^ Richard M. Juang (2008). Africa and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History. ABC-CLIO. p. 492. ISBN 978-1-85109-441-7.
  33. ^ Pat Ikechukwu Ndukwe (1996). Fulani. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 9–17. ISBN 978-0-8239-1982-6.
  34. ^ D Group (2013). Encyclopedia of African Peoples. Routledge. pp. 85–88. ISBN 978-1-135-96334-7.
  35. ^ "Religion and expressive culture – Fulani". www.everyculture.com. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  36. ^ "Fulani | people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-10-27.


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Fula people

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marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Adlam letters. The Fula, Fulani, or Fulɓe people is an ethnic group in Sahara, Sahel and West Africa, widely...

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Fula language

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most Niger-Congo languages, Fula does not have tones. It is spoken as a first language by the Fula people ("Fulani", Fula: Fulɓe) from the Senegambia...

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List of Fula people

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the only indigenous writing scripts in Africa, the Adlam script for the Fula language. El Hadj Umar Tall (1797–1864) – religious leader from the Tijani...

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Fula

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up Fula in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Fula may refer to: Fula people (or Fulani, Fulɓe) Fula language (or Pulaar, Fulfulde, Fulani) The Fula variety...

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Fula people of Sierra Leone

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and a branch of the Fula people of West Africa. The Fula make up about 3.4% of Sierra Leone's population. The Sierra Leone Fula people settled in the Western...

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Fula Christians

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Fula Christians or also called Fulani Christians are members of the Fula people who profess Christianity in all their denominations. Due to the strong...

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Toucouleur people

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Toucouleur people or Tukulor people (Arabic: توكولور, French: Toucouleur), also called Haalpulaar (Fula: 𞤖𞤢𞥄𞤤𞤨𞤵𞤤𞤢𞥄𞤪), are a West African Fula ethnic...

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Fula jihads

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Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries, led largely by the Muslim Fula people. The jihads and the jihad states came to an end with European colonization...

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Caste systems in Africa

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have been adopted among the Temne from the nearby Mandinka people, Fula people and Susu people. The caste hierarchy and social stratification has been more...

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Mandinka people

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had a complex interaction with the Mandinka people. Through a series of conflicts, primarily with the Fula-led jihads under Imamate of Futa Jallon, many...

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Momee Gombe

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Maimuna Gombe Abubakarpronunciation popularly known as (Momee Gombe), is a Nigerian Kannywood actress. Momee Gombe was born on 11 July 1999, in Gombe State...

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Hausa people

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revolution (Jihad) of 1804. "Hausa–Fulani" or "Kado" are Hausanized Fulas, people of mixed Hausa and Fulani origin, most of whom speak a variant of Hausa...

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Yalunka people

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first converted to Islam, but then renouncing Islam en masse when Muslim Fula people began dominating their region. In the eighteenth century, many of the...

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Yaki Kadafi

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Yafeu Akiyele Fula (October 9, 1977 – November 10, 1996), better known by his stage name Yaki Kadafi, was an American rapper and a founding member of the...

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Wodaabe

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The Wodaabe (Fula: Woɗaaɓe, Adlam: 𞤏𞤮𞤯𞤢𞥄𞤩𞤫) is a name that is used to designate a subgroup of the Fula ethnic group who are traditionally nomadic...

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Tambin

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wings on either side. It is considered the national instrument of the Fula people of West Africa and is similar in its sound and quality to the Middle...

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Pular language

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Pular (𞤆𞤵𞤤𞤢𞤪) is a Fula language spoken primarily by the Fula people of Fouta Djallon, Guinea. It is also spoken in parts of Guinea-Bissau, Sierra...

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Adama Barrow

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Adama Barrow (Fula: 𞤀𞥄𞤣𞤢𞤥𞤢 𞤄𞤢𞥄𞤪𞤮, romanized: Aadama Baaro, born 15 February 1965) is a Gambian politician and real estate developer who has...

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Dogon people

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because the region within 5 AU of Sirius A had not been covered. Fula people Toucouleur people Jobawa Sullubawa "Mali". www.cia.gov/. Retrieved 19 November...

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Culture of Mali

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people is shared by the modern Mali, and the empire from which its name originates from. Songhay, Bozo, and Dogon people predominate, while the Fula people...

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Ethnic groups in Sierra Leone

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and 18th century, many Limba people were shipped to North America as slaves. One of the biggest ethnic groups are the Fula at around 4.4% of the population...

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Nasiru Ado Bayero

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Nasiru Ado Bayero, OFR pronunciation (born 2 February 1964) is a Nigerian banker and businessman. He is the current Emir of Bichi, a Nigerian traditional...

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Baggara Arabs

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extensively with the native people they live with in the region, in particular the Fur people, Nuba peoples and Fula people. The bulk of Baggara Arabs...

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Fula alphabets

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question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Adlam letters. The Fula language (Fula: Fulfulde, Pulaar, or Pular) is written primarily in the Latin script...

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Ibrahim Ba

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Muhammadu Buhari

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for president of Nigeria on the platform and support of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) in 2003 and 2007, and on the Congress for Progressive Change...

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Germaine Ahidjo

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Germaine Habiba Ahidjo (11 February 1932 – 20 April 2021) was a Cameroonian politician and nurse. She was the wife of the first president of Cameroon,...

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