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French campaign in Egypt and Syria information


French campaign in Egypt and Syria
Part of the War of the Second Coalition
French campaign in Egypt and SyriaBattle of the PyramidsBattle of the NileRevolt of CairoBattle of Abukir (1799)Battle of Abukir (1801)Battle of Alexandria (1801)
French campaign in Egypt and Syria

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Left to right, top to bottom:
Battles of the Pyramids, the Nile, Cairo, Abukir (1799), Abukir (1801), and Alexandria (1801)
Date1 July 1798 – 2 September 1801
(3 years, 2 months and 1 day)
Location
Ottoman Empire
Result

Anglo-Ottoman victory

  • End of Mamluk rule in Egypt
  • Formal end of the Franco-Ottoman alliance
  • Failure of French expedition to Syria
  • Capitulation of French administration in Egypt
Belligerents

Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire

  • Ottoman Egypt Eyalet of Egypt
  • French campaign in Egypt and Syria Mamluks
  • Nablus Tribesman[1]
  • Bedouin Tribesman (1798-1799)
  • Albanian Bashi-bazouks

French campaign in Egypt and Syria Great Britain (1798–1800)
French campaign in Egypt and Syria United Kingdom (1801)
Regency of Algiers Regency of Algiers[2]

Bedouin Tribesman (1801)

French campaign in Egypt and Syria French Republic

  • Armée d'Orient
Commanders and leaders
Ottoman Empire Selim III
Ottoman Empire Yusuf Pasha
Ottoman Egypt Mustafa Pasha
Ottoman Egypt Muhammad Ali Pasha
Ottoman Egypt Jezzar Pasha
Ottoman Egypt Abdullah Pasha
Ottoman Egypt Murad Bey
Ottoman Egypt Ibrahim Bey
Ottoman Egypt Abdallah Bey Executed
Ottoman Egypt Haim Farhi
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Ralph Abercromby (DOW)
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Gordon Drummond
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Samuel Graham
French campaign in Egypt and Syria John Moore
French campaign in Egypt and Syria George Ramsay
French campaign in Egypt and Syria John Hely-Hutchinson
French campaign in Egypt and Syria William Beresford
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Sidney Smith
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Horatio Nelson
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Mustapha Dey
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Rais Hamidou
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Antoine de Phélippeaux
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Napoleon Bonaparte
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jean Kléber 
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Thomas Dumas
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jacques Menou Surrendered
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jean Lannes
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Louis Desaix
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Joachim Murat
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Louis-Nicolas Davout
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jean Rapp
French campaign in Egypt and Syria René Savary
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jean-Antoine Verdier
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jean Reynier
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Louis André Bon 
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jean-Baptiste Bessières
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Cousin de Dommartin (DOW)
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Maximilian Caffarelli (DOW)
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Jean-Baptiste Perrée
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Charles Dugua
French campaign in Egypt and Syria Martin Dupuy 
First French Empire Brueys d'Aigalliers 
First French Empire Pierre-Charles Villeneuve
French First Republic Horace Sébastiani
French First Republic Charles-Louis Lasalle
French First Republic Rose de Beauharnais
French First Republic Louis Bonaparte
French First Republic Géraud Duroc
French First Republic Joseph Sulkowski (DOW)
French First Republic Louis Friant
Strength
Ottoman Empire 220,000 soldiers
Kingdom of Great Britain 30,000 soldiers
French campaign in Egypt and Syria 40,000 soldiers
10,000 sailors
Casualties and losses
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire:
50,000 killed and wounded[3]
15,000 captured
Total: 65,000
French campaign in Egypt and Syria France:
15,000 killed and wounded[3]
23,500 captured[4]
Total: 38,500
War of the Second Coalition:
Egypt and Syria
Map
[fullscreen map]
  Napoleon in command till 23 August 1799

The French campaign in Egypt and Syria (1798–1801) was a Napoleonic campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria, executed by Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon proclaimed to "defend French trade interests" and to establish "scientific enterprise" in the region. It was the primary purpose of the Mediterranean campaign of 1798, which was a series of naval engagements that included the capture of Malta and the Greek island Crete, later arriving in the Port of Alexandria. The campaign ended in defeat for Napoleon after abandoning his troops to head back to France for the looming risk of a Second Coalition. This led to the death and withdrawal of French troops in the region.

On a scientific front, the expedition was a success that led to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone, creating the field of Egyptology. Despite early victories and an initially successful expedition into Syria, Napoleon and his Armée d'Orient were eventually defeated and forced to withdraw, especially after suffering the defeat of the supporting French fleet by the British Royal Navy at the Battle of the Nile.

  1. ^ Strathern 2008, p. 351.
  2. ^ Daniel Panzac (2005). Barbary Corsairs. Brill. ISBN 9789004125940.
  3. ^ a b Warfare and Armed Conflicts : A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015 (in French). p. 106..
  4. ^ Barthorp 1992, p. 6.

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