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Fiji information

Republic of Fiji
  • Matanitu Tugalala o Viti (Fijian)
  • फ़िजी गणराज्य (Fiji Hindi)
Flag of Fiji
Coat of arms of Fiji
Coat of arms
Motto: "Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui" (Fijian)
"Fear God and honour the King"[1]
Anthem: "God Bless Fiji"
Location of Fiji
and largest city
18°10′S 178°27′E / 18.167°S 178.450°E / -18.167; 178.450
Official languages
  • English
  • Fijian
  • Fiji Hindi[3]
Recognised regional languagesRotuman
Ethnic groups
  • 56.8% Indigenous Fijians
  • 37.5% Indo-Fijians
  • 1.2% Rotumans
  • 4.5% Others
  • 64.4% Christianity
  • —34.6% Methodism
  • —29.8% Other Christian
  • 27.9% Hinduism
  • 6.3% Islam
  • 1.4% Others / None[5]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Wiliame Katonivere
• Prime Minister
Sitiveni Rabuka
from the United Kingdom
• Independence
10 October 1970
• Republic
7 October 1987
• Total
18,274 km2 (7,056 sq mi) (151st)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
926,276[6] (161st)
• 2017 census
• Density
46.4/km2 (120.2/sq mi) (148th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$12.6 billion [8] (158th)
• Per capita
Increase$13,944[8] (102nd)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Decrease$4.85 billion[8] (164th)
• Per capita
Decrease$5,341[8] (106th)
Gini (2013)36.4[9]
HDI (2021)Increase 0.730[10]
high · 99th
CurrencyFijian dollar (FJD)
Time zoneUTC+12 (FJT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+679
ISO 3166 codeFJ

Fiji[n 1] (/ˈfi/ (Fijilisten) FEE-jee, /fˈ/ fee-JEE[11]), officially the Republic of Fiji,[n 2] is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) north-northeast of New Zealand. Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which about 110 are permanently inhabited—and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometres (7,100 sq mi). The most outlying island group is Ono-i-Lau. About 87% of the total population of 924,610 live on the two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts: either in the capital city of Suva; or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry; or in Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is dominant. The interior of Viti Levu is sparsely inhabited because of its terrain.[12]

The majority of Fiji's islands were formed by volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Some geothermal activity still occurs today on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni.[13] The geothermal systems on Viti Levu are non-volcanic in origin and have low-temperature surface discharges (of between roughly 35 and 60 degrees Celsius (95 and 140 °F)).

Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BCE—first Austronesians and later Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans first visited Fiji in the 17th century.[14] In 1874, after a brief period in which Fiji was an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji. Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence and became known as the Dominion of Fiji. In 1987, following a series of coups d'état, the military government that had taken power declared it a republic. In a 2006 coup, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power. In 2009, the Fijian High Court ruled that the military leadership was unlawful. At that point, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal head of state, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim prime minister. Later in 2009, Ratu Epeli Nailatikau succeeded Iloilo as president.[15] On 17 September 2014, after years of delays, a democratic election took place. Bainimarama's FijiFirst party won 59.2% of the vote, and international observers deemed the election credible.[16]

Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific[17] through its abundant forest, mineral, and fish resources. The currency is the Fijian dollar, with the main sources of foreign exchange being the tourist industry, remittances from Fijians working abroad, bottled water exports, and sugar cane.[4] The Ministry of Local Government and Urban Development supervises Fiji's local government, which takes the form of city and town councils.[18]

  1. ^ "About Fiji – History, Government and Economy". Archived from the original on 30 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  2. ^ Although Suva is the largest population center that is classified as a "city", the town of Nasinu has a population that is slightly higher than Suva's. See "Age, Sex and Marital Status by Urban and Rural Enumeration, Fiji 2007". Fiji Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 16 October 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  3. ^ Compare: "Constitution of the Republic of Fiji". The Fijian Government. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2017. Subsection 3(3) reads: "This Constitution is to be adopted in the English language and translations in the iTaukei and Hindi languages are to be made available." Subsection 31(3) clarifies that Fiji Hindi is the intended meaning of "Hindi".
  4. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Factbook-Fiji was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference 2007 Census – Religion was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ "Fiji Demographics Profile".
  7. ^ Government of Fiji (10 January 2018). "Fiji Bureau of Statistics Releases 2017 Census Results". Archived from the original on 3 November 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2022". International Monetary Fund. October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  9. ^ "Gini Index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  11. ^ Deverson, Tony; Kennedy, Graeme, eds. (2005). "Fiji". The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195584516.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-558451-6. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  12. ^ "Fiji: People". United States of America State department. 28 June 2010. Archived from the original on 22 January 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  13. ^ "Fiji Geography". 2005. Archived from the original on 23 February 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  14. ^ "Fiji: History". 2005. Archived from the original on 31 August 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  15. ^ "Fiji's president takes over power". BBC. 10 April 2009. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  16. ^ Perry, Nick; Pita, Ligaiula (29 September 2014). "Int'l monitors endorse Fiji election as credible". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 21 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  17. ^ "Fiji High Commission :: About Fiji". Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Fiji – Our Government". 9 November 2009. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2010.

Cite error: There are <ref group=n> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=n}} template (see the help page).

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Last Update:

Fiji (/ˈfiːdʒi/ (listen) FEE-jee, /fiːˈdʒiː/ fee-JEE), officially the Republic of Fiji, is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South...

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Fijians (Fijian: iTaukei, lit. 'Owners (of the land)') are a nation and ethnic group native to Fiji, who speak Fijian and share a common history and culture...

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Fiji, or of Fijian descent. For more information about the Fijian people, see: Demographics of Fiji Culture of Fiji The Fijian language Fijian cuisine List...

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Fiji Hindi

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Indo-Fijians now live in. First-generation Indians in Fiji, who used the language as a lingua franca in Fiji, referred to it as Fiji Baat, "Fiji talk"...

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Fiji Water

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Fiji Water is a brand of bottled water derived, bottled, and shipped from Fiji. According to marketing materials, the water comes from an artesian aquifer...

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History of Fiji

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The majority of Fiji's islands were formed through volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Today, some geothermic activity still occurs...

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Fiji coup

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four Fijian coups d'état in the past forty years: 1987 Fijian coups d'état (two) 2000 Fijian coup d'état 2006 Fijian coup d'état See also 2009 Fijian constitutional...

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Central Pacific languages

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Western Fijian linkage: Namosi-Naitasiri-Serua, Western Fijian (Nadroga, Waya) East Central Pacific linkage Eastern Fijian linkage: Bauan (standard Fijian),...

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Geography of Fiji

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Fiji is a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, lying about 4,450 kilometres (2,765 mi) southwest of Honolulu and 1,770 km (1,100 mi) north of...

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Flag of Fiji

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The national flag of Fiji (Fijian: kuila ni Viti) was adopted on 10 October 1970. The state arms have been slightly modified but the flag has remained...

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Republic of Fiji Military Forces

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Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF, formerly the Royal Fiji Military Forces) is the military force of the Pacific island nation of Fiji. With a total...

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Fiji Airways

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Fiji Airways (trading as and formerly known as Air Pacific) is the flag carrier airline of Fiji and operates international services from its hubs in Fiji...

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Religion in Fiji

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lines with most Indigenous Fijians being Christian and most Indo-Fijians being either Hindu or Muslim. Aboriginal Fijian religion could be classified...

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Languages of Fiji

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Fiji has three official languages under the 1997 constitution (and not revoked by the 2013 Constitution): English, Fijian and Fiji Hindi. The Fijian language...

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Suva (Fijian pronunciation: [ˈsuβa]) is the capital and largest city of Fiji. It is the home of the country's largest metropolitan area and serves as its...

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Economy of Fiji

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The economy of Fiji is one of the most developed among the Pacific islands. Nevertheless, Fiji is a developing country endowed with forest, mineral and...

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Cabinet of Fiji

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The Cabinet of Fiji is a Government body of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister of Fiji and responsible to the Parliament of Fiji. The Cabinet's...

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Monarchy of Fiji

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The monarchy of Fiji arose in the nineteenth century, when native ruler Seru Epenisa Cakobau consolidated control of the Fijian Islands in 1871 and declared...

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Culture of Fiji

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The culture of Fiji is a tapestry of native Fijian, Indian, European, Chinese, and other nationalities. Culture polity traditions, language, food costume...

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Colony of Fiji

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The Colony of Fiji was a Crown colony that existed from 1874 to 1970 in the territory of the present-day nation of Fiji. London declined its first opportunity...

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Fiji mermaid

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The Fiji mermaid (also Feejee mermaid) was an object composed of the torso and head of a juvenile monkey sewn to the back half of a fish. It was a common...

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Fijian dollar

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The Fijian dollar (currency sign: FJ$, $; currency code: FJD) has been the currency of Fiji since 1969 and was also the currency between 1867 and 1873...

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Parliament of Fiji

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178.424413 The Parliament of the Republic of Fiji is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of Fiji. It consists of 55 members elected every 4 years...

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Fiji national rugby union team

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The Fiji national rugby union team represents Fiji in men's international rugby union competes every four years at the Rugby World Cup, and their best...

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List of islands of Fiji

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This is a list of islands of Fiji. Fiji is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. It is split into 9 separate geographic island groups. The smallest is the...

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Air Fiji

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Air Fiji was an airline based in Nausori, Fiji. It operated inter-island services to destinations within the Fijian Islands. Its main base was Nausori...

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List of heads of state of Fiji

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heads of state of Fiji, from the establishment of the Kingdom of Fiji in 1871 to the present day. Currently, the head of state of Fiji is the president...

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Fijian language

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language. The 2013 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi and there is discussion about establishing...

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