Famagusta Turkish municipality (in Famagusta) Greek Cypriot municipality (in exile)
Famagusta (UK: /ˌfæməˈɡʊstə,ˌfɑːm-/FA(H)M-ə-GUUST-ə, US: /ˌfɑːməˈɡuːstə/FAH-mə-GOO-stə; Greek: Αμμόχωστος, romanized: Ammóchostos, IPA: [aˈmːoxostos]; Turkish: Gazimağusa[ɡaːzimaˈusa] or Mağusa[maˈusa]) is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. It is located east of Nicosia and possesses the deepest harbour of the island. During the Middle Ages (especially under the maritime republics of Genoa and Venice), Famagusta was the island's most important port city and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe. The old walled city and parts of the modern city are under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, claimed by Cyprus. Famagusta is the capital of the Gazimağusa District of Northern Cyprus.
^In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus unilaterally declared independence from the Republic of Cyprus. The de facto state is not recognised by any UN state except Turkey.
^Northern Cyprus High Election Board [Northern Cyprus High Election Board], Northern Cyprus High Election Board
^KKTC Yerel Yönetimler Raporu 2019 [TRNC Regional Administrations Report 2019] (PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, December 2020, p. 4
^KKTC Yerel Yönetimler Raporu 2019 [TRNC Regional Administrations Report 2019] (PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, December 2020, p. 5