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Enderta Province information


Enderta or Inderta (Ge'ez: እንደርታ) is a former historical province of Ethiopia; it is located in the eastern edge of the Tigray highlands. Enderta is bordered on the west by Tembien, on the south and southwest by Lasta and Wag, on the east by denkel (southern Red Sea region of Eritrea), and on the north by Agame and Adwa.[1][2] Mekelle was formerly the capital of the province. Enderta's local administration of Denkel/Afar up to the edges of Aseb under its jurisdiction seems to have been highly, interlinked with the operation of the salt trade and its taxation system; the entire tasks of salt caravan organization being the responsibility of the bäalgada, title assumed by the governor of Endärta, since at least the Medieval period (c.1270-1527)[3][4]

Notable Bea'al gadas included the mighty Ras Robel, grandfather of Emperor Sertse-Dengel, as well as the paternal ancestor of Ras Suhul Mikael, Ras Faris the great, Ras Woldeselassie the great and Ras Araya Dimtsu, maternal uncle of Emperor Yohaness.[citation needed]

Historically, the province of Enderta had been ruled by its own hereditary governors, at least, since the restoration of the solomonic dynasty in 1270.[5][6][7][8][9] Starting in 1855 and beginning with Ras Araya dimtsu of Enderta[10] his immediate relations and descendants known collectively as Enderta Mesafint would rule the Tigrinya speaking provinces for more than 120 years until the down fall of the Ethiopian monarchy in 1974 from their capitals in Antalo first then from Mekelle both in Enderta; the last of these Enderta Mesafint being Ras Mangasha Seyum, thus, making Enderta the center of power where important political, economical as well as governmental decisions are made for more than 120 years within Ethiopia.

  1. ^ Salt, A Voyage to Abyssinia, p. 379
  2. ^ Ethiopian Mapping Authority, 1997
  3. ^ ed. by Svein Ege, Harald Aspen, Birhanu Teferra and Shiferaw Bekele, Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Trondheim 2009, 185
  4. ^ Tsegay B.Gebrelibanos, The Ethiopian Salt Trading System in the 20th Century: A View from Mäqäla, Northern Ethiopia
  5. ^ Roland Oliver, the Cambridge History of Africa c. 1600 to c. 1790, p. 132.
  6. ^ Taddesse, "Church and State", p. 73
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference Taddesse, p. 73 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ J.D. Fage, The cambridge history of Africa from c. 1050 to c. 1600, p. 125.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference Mansfield Parkyns, p. 93 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ R.A. Caulk, Bad men of the Borders: Shum and Shifta in North Ethiopia in the 19th century, Book 2nd Annual Seminar of Department of history, PART 1,pg 41

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Enderta Province

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Enderta or Inderta (Ge'ez: እንደርታ) is a former historical province of Ethiopia; it is located in the eastern edge of the Tigray highlands. Enderta is bordered...

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Enderta

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Enderta may refer to: Enderta province, a historic subdivision of Ethiopia Enderta (woreda), a woreda within the Tigray Region of Ethiopia This disambiguation...

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The Battle of Amba Aradam (also known as the Battle of Enderta) was a battle fought on the northern front of what was known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian...

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yet encompass Welqayt (until 1991 having been part of Begemder), while Enderta in eastern Tigray extended over large Afar areas including the salt plains...

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(1316–1332) Ethiopia Sultanate of Ifat Kingdom of Damot Hadiya Sultanate Enderta Province Beta Israel Victories Incorporation of the southern kingdoms into the...

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Ewostatewos was born in the Tsiraʿ northeast of Mekelle, part of Enderta Province (now in Enderta woreda) near where he would later found the monastery of Debre...

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Tembien

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of the Begemder province. On the east, it was bordered by the Enderta Province.[citation needed] The original capital of the province was Melfa, west...

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that had in the meanwhile gained more autonomy. The northern Tigrayan Enderta Province had increasingly been asserting its independence since the Solomonic...

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was the location of the decisive battle of the "Woyane Rebellion" in Enderta Province. After capturing Mek'ele, the Woyane rebels swept south to the mountain...

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Wollo, was leul ras Gugsa Araya. Leul Araya Selassie Yohannes was born in Enderta, a part of Tigray in Ethiopia in 1869/70, the legitimate son of Emperor...

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Antalo

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of the 19th century. Historically, Hintalo was the capital city of Enderta Province. Located on a high plateau beneath the south face of Amba Aradam, which...

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to be the administrative center of the Wenberta woreda, part of the Enderta Province. Nowadays, the new Wenberta district has its center in the town of...

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used to be the center of the Gere-alta woreda, part of the former Enderta province. This Gere-alta woreda consisted of the western part of the current...

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originally ጐዛም gʷazzam, later ጐዣም gʷažžām, ጎዣም gōžžām) is a historical province in northwestern Ethiopia, with its capital city at Debre Marqos. Gojjam's...

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Yohannes IV

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of Enderta and Tabotu Woldu of Agame, hence a niece of Sabagadis Woldu. He thus descended from the ruling families of Tembien, Agame, and Enderta. Yohannes...

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located south of the Mereb and governed by the Tigray Mekonen, based in Enderta. The other twelve were located north of the Mereb, under the authority...

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district of Wemberta has been an integral part of Enderta province, when Enderta was an independent province as well as an awrajja as recent as the late 1990s...

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Hintalo Wajirat

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well as the capital city of Enderta province, with Wajirat (ዋጅራት) itself being a historical district of the province of Enderta, Wajirat's historical capital...

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proper a region around Adwa. The other Provinces of this kingdom includes Enderta, Agame, Wojjerat, Tembien, and Shire. Tigrayans constitute approximately...

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Association football Tigray Stadium 60,000 Mekelle  Ethiopia Africa Mekelle 70 Enderta F.C., Shire Endaselassie F.C., Dedebit F.C. Association football Jawaharlal...

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them the Oromo Muslims, so the Zay people expanded from there homeland Enderta. When the Oromo first met the Zway people's they did not know what they...

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federal government and its transformation into a centrally-administered province, Afar leaders met again in Assab in 1963 and supported the creation of...

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northern side near Akele Guzai in Eritrea, Tembien, Kalatta Awlalo and Enderta in the south, and both the Eritrean and Ethiopian Afar lowlands in the...

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"Neck," possibly referring to the provinces geography) was a historical province in northern Ethiopia. It was bordered on the west by Bugna and the Afar...

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Mercha Wolde Kidan

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governor of Enderta and a grand-nephew of the famous Tigrayan ruler ras Wolde Selassie. Hence, woizero Sellas was connected to the main house of Enderta. Through...

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List of enclaves and exclaves

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special zone of Mek'ele (comprising two woredas) is an enclave within Enderta woreda, located in the Debub Misraqawi (Southeastern) Zone in the Tigray...

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Mengesha Seyoum

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1927 in Addis Ababa and moved to Dengolat, a village in Enderta district, part of Tigray province of Ethiopia[citation needed] . He is the son of Ras Seyum...

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Zemene Mesafint

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After the death of Ras Aligaz, Ras Wolde Selassie, hereditary ruler of Enderta and overlord of Tigray, became Enderase of the Empire, briefly taking power...

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Chalacot

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Chelekot is a village in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Located in the Enderta woreda (district) of the Debub Misraqawi (Southeastern) Zone, 10 kilometers...

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Saharti Samre

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capital city of Samre have been an integral part of Enderta province, when Enderta was an independent province as well as an awraja as recent as the late 1990s...

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also known as Enda Gabtan, Anda Gabtan, or Endagabton was a historical province of Ethiopia. Located north west of the old Fatagar region, bounded by Mugar...

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Sidamo province from 1941 to 1942. When the Woyane rebellion broke out in Tigray in 1942, with the rebels under Fitawrari Yeebio Weldai of Enderta known...

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national football team Tigray Stadium 60,000 Mekelle  Ethiopia Mekelle 70 Enderta F.C., Shire Endaselassie F.C., Dedebit F.C. Mkapa Stadium 60,000 Dar es...

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Gabriel, and by his nephew Gabre Maskal who lost to Ras Wolde Selassie of Enderta. Ras Mikael intervened in the Ethiopian Church, and was a champion of the...

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town administrations across Tigray were acutely malnourished. While in Enderta, Abi Adi and Shire, GOAL and IRC reported that 16.6% of children screened...

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restore his rule, however it wouldn't last long, because its renegade province Ifat would eventually invade it and create the Ifat Sultanate. During the...

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