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Enderta Province information


Enderta or Inderta (Ge'ez: እንደርታ) is a former historical province of Ethiopia; it is located in the eastern edge of the Tigray highlands. Enderta is bordered on the west by Tembien, on the south and southwest by Lasta and Wag, on the east by denkel (southern Red Sea region of Eritrea), and on the north by Agame and Adwa.[1][2] Mekelle was formerly the capital of the province. Enderta's local administration of Denkel/Afar up to the edges of Aseb under its jurisdiction seems to have been highly, interlinked with the operation of the salt trade and its taxation system; the entire tasks of salt caravan organization being the responsibility of the bäalgada, title assumed by the governor of Endärta, since at least the Medieval period (c.1270-1527)[3][4]

Notable Bea'al gadas included the mighty Ras Robel, grandfather of Emperor Sertse-Dengel, as well as the paternal ancestor of Ras Suhul Mikael, Ras Faris the great, Ras Woldeselassie the great and Ras Araya Dimtsu, maternal uncle of Emperor Yohaness.[citation needed]

Historically, the province of Enderta had been ruled by its own hereditary governors, at least, since the restoration of the solomonic dynasty in 1270.[5][6][7][8][9] Starting in 1855 and beginning with Ras Araya dimtsu of Enderta[10] his immediate relations and descendants known collectively as Enderta Mesafint would rule the Tigrinya speaking provinces for more than 120 years until the down fall of the Ethiopian monarchy in 1974 from their capitals in Antalo first then from Mekelle both in Enderta; the last of these Enderta Mesafint being Ras Mangasha Seyum, thus, making Enderta the center of power where important political, economical as well as governmental decisions are made for more than 120 years within Ethiopia.

  1. ^ Salt, A Voyage to Abyssinia, p. 379
  2. ^ Ethiopian Mapping Authority, 1997
  3. ^ ed. by Svein Ege, Harald Aspen, Birhanu Teferra and Shiferaw Bekele, Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Trondheim 2009, 185
  4. ^ Tsegay B.Gebrelibanos, The Ethiopian Salt Trading System in the 20th Century: A View from Mäqäla, Northern Ethiopia
  5. ^ Roland Oliver, the Cambridge History of Africa c. 1600 to c. 1790, p. 132.
  6. ^ Taddesse, "Church and State", p. 73
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference Taddesse, p. 73 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ J.D. Fage, The cambridge history of Africa from c. 1050 to c. 1600, p. 125.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference Mansfield Parkyns, p. 93 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ R.A. Caulk, Bad men of the Borders: Shum and Shifta in North Ethiopia in the 19th century, Book 2nd Annual Seminar of Department of history, PART 1,pg 41

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Enderta Province

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Enderta or Inderta (Ge'ez: እንደርታ) is a former historical province of Ethiopia; it is located in the eastern edge of the Tigray highlands. Enderta is bordered...

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Enderta

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Enderta may refer to: Enderta province, a historic subdivision of Ethiopia Enderta (woreda), a woreda within the Tigray Region of Ethiopia This disambiguation...

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Ewostatewos

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Ewostatewos was born in the Tsiraʿ northeast of Mekelle, part of Enderta Province (now in Enderta woreda) near where he would later found the monastery of Debre...

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Battle of Amba Aradam

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primarily fought in the area around Amba Aradam which included most of Enderta Province. On 3 October 1935, General Emilio De Bono advanced into Ethiopia from...

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List of wars involving Ethiopia

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(1316–1332) Ethiopia Sultanate of Ifat Kingdom of Damot Hadiya Sultanate Enderta Province Beta Israel Victories Incorporation of the southern kingdoms into the...

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Dergajen

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Dergajen (or Derge Agen) was a woreda in Enderta Province, in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Its administrative center was Kwiha; now is a tabia (municipality)...

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Tigray Province

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yet encompass Wolkait (until 1991 having been part of Begemder), while Enderta in eastern Tigray extended over large Afar areas including the salt plains...

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Tembien

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of the Begemder province. On the east, it was bordered by the Enderta Province.[citation needed] The original capital of the province was Melfa, west...

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Amda Seyon I

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that had in the meanwhile gained more autonomy. The northern Tigrayan Enderta Province had increasingly been asserting its independence since the Solomonic...

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Wolde Selassie

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his capital at Antalo in Enderta Province. He built four palaces, at Chelekot, Antalo, Felegdaro and Mekelle, all in Enderta. He played a role in the...

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Ethiopia. 1316/17 – Amda Seyon made campaign to the south. The Tigray Enderta Province gained independence since Yekuno Amlak. 1328 – Amda Seyon appointed...

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Amba Alagi

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was the location of the decisive battle of the "Woyane Rebellion" in Enderta Province. After capturing Mek'ele, the Woyane rebels swept south to the mountain...

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Provinces of Ethiopia

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within Ethiopia. These include: Agame Agawmeder Begemder Dawaro Dembiya Enderta Fatagar Hadiya Ifat Lasta Menz Qwara Semien Tembien Tigray Tselemt Tsegede[citation...

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Woyane rebellion

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Samre-Enderta, Tigray. Chief leader and commander of the 1943 Woyane rebellion in Tigray H.E. Dejazamtch Negusse Bezabih, b. Da' Meskel-Mekelle, Enderta, Tigray...

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Antalo

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Hintalo (Tigrinya: ሕንጣሎ), also called Antalo, was Administrative Center of Enderta’s historical wereda of Gabat Melash, is a small town located in the Debub...

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Hintalo Wajirat

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well as the capital city of Enderta province, with Wajirat (ዋጅራት) itself being a historical district of the province of Enderta, Wajirat's historical capital...

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Kaffa Province

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Kaffa (Amharic: ከፋ) was a province on the southwestern side of Ethiopia; its capital city was Bonga. It was named after the former Kingdom of Kaffa or...

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Tigray Region

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located south of the Mereb and governed by the Tigray Mekonen, based in Enderta. The other twelve were located north of the Mereb, under the authority...

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Mercha Wolde Kidan

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governor of Enderta and a grand-nephew of the famous Tigrayan ruler ras Wolde Selassie. Hence, woizero Sellas was connected to the main house of Enderta. Through...

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Saharti Samre

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capital city of Samre have been an integral part of Enderta province, when Enderta was an independent province as well as an awraja as recent as the late 1990s...

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Araya Selassie Yohannes

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Wollo, was leul ras Gugsa Araya. Leul Araya Selassie Yohannes was born in Enderta, a part of Tigray in Ethiopia in 1869/70, the legitimate son of Emperor...

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Maimekden

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to be the administrative center of the Wenberta woreda, part of the Enderta Province. Nowadays, the new Wenberta district has its center in the town of...

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Shewa

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the historical Endagabatan province. The towns of Debre Berhan, Antsokia, Ankober, Entoto and, after Shewa became a province of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa have...

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Tsigereda

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used to be the center of the Gere-alta woreda, part of the former Enderta province. This Gere-alta woreda consisted of the western part of the current...

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Atsbi Wenberta

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district of Wemberta has been an integral part of Enderta province, when Enderta was an independent province as well as an awrajja as recent as the late 1990s...

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Wej province

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them the Oromo Muslims, so the Zay people expanded from there homeland Enderta. When the Oromo first met the Zway people's they did not know what they...

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