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Duchy of Schleswig information


Duchy of Schleswig
Hertugdømmet Slesvig (Danish)
Herzogtum Schleswig (German)
1058–1866
Coat of arms of Schleswig
Coat of arms
DuchySchleswigSlesvig.png
StatusFiefdom of the Danish Crown (partly between 1544 and 1713/20)
CapitalSchleswig, Flensburg, Copenhagen[citation needed]
Common languagesDanish, German, Low German, North Frisian
Religion
Catholicism, Lutheranism and Mennonitism (from 16th century), Judaism
GovernmentFeudal Duchy, Monarchy
Duke 
• 1058–1095
Olaf I of Denmark
• 1863–66
Christian IX of Denmark
History 
• Established
1058
• Disestablished
1866
CurrencySchleswig-Holstein speciethaler, Danish rigsdaler, Pfennig
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Schleswig North Sea Empire
Province of Schleswig-Holstein Duchy of Schleswig
Today part ofDenmark
Germany

The Duchy of Schleswig (Danish: Hertugdømmet Slesvig; German: Herzogtum Schleswig; Low German: Hartogdom Sleswig; North Frisian: Härtochduum Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland) covering the area between about 60 km (35 miles) north and 70 km (45 mi) south of the current border between Germany and Denmark. The territory has been divided between the two countries since 1920, with Northern Schleswig in Denmark and Southern Schleswig in Germany. The region is also called Sleswick in English.

Unlike Holstein and Lauenburg, Schleswig was never a part of the German Confederation. Schleswig was instead a fief of Denmark, and its inhabitants spoke Danish, German, and North Frisian. Both Danish and German National Liberals wanted Schleswig to be part of a Danish or German national state in the 19th century. A German uprising in March 1848 caused the First Schleswig War which ended in 1852. The Second Schleswig War (1864) ended with the three duchies being governed jointly by Austria and Prussia. In 1866, they became a part of Prussia.

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German state of Schleswig-Holstein. It originated when King Christian I of Denmark had his County of Holstein-Rendsburg elevated to a duchy by Emperor Frederick...

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after the passing of the November Constitution of 1863, which integrated the Duchy of Schleswig into the Danish kingdom in violation of the London Protocol...

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First Schleswig War

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of who should control the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg. Ultimately, the Danish side proved victorious with the diplomatic support of the...

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Christian IX of Denmark

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Frederick William, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Christian grew up in the Duchy of Schleswig as a prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg...

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1920 Schleswig plebiscites

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the future border between Denmark and Germany through the former Duchy of Schleswig. The process was monitored by a commission with representatives from...

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States of the German Confederation

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Schleswig (German: Südschleswig or Landesteil Schleswig, Danish: Sydslesvig; North Frisian: Söödslaswik) is the southern half of the former Duchy of Schleswig...

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of jarls and dukes, who ruled over Schleswig respectively Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland). In 1864, following the Second Schleswig War, the Duchy of...

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claim to the vacant duchy of Schleswig and duchy of Holstein, but ultimately in 1867 he abandoned this in favor of the Kingdom of Prussia and received some...

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the duchies of Holstein and Saxe-Lauenburg (1814–1864), and in a political and personal union with the Duchy of Schleswig. The exact date of origin of the...

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royal-ducal government of the Duchy of Holstein and his claims to the ducal share in the government of the Duchy of Schleswig; Oldenburg went to Frederick...

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Personal union

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Personal union with Duchy of Schleswig (1086–1364, 1460–1864) and County/Duchy of Holstein (1460–1864). Personal union with Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (1814–1864)...

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Slesvig

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Slesvig is the Danish name for: Schleswig, Schleswig-Holstein, a German city The former Duchy of Schleswig (also: Southern Jutland) A former name for Hedeby...

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South Jutland County

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Sønderjylland), a Danish fief under the Kings of Denmark. Denmark lost the Duchy of Schleswig, as well as the German Duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg, to Prussia...

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List of consorts of Schleswig and Holstein

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Danish royal family

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the new King of Denmark would not also be the new Duke of Schleswig or Duke of Holstein. To ensure the continued adhesion of the Elbe duchies to the Danish...

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Frederick VII of Denmark

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the twin Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein following the London Protocol of 8 May 1852, which concluded the First War of Schleswig. Because of his father's...

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