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Dortmund information

Dortmund - Schloßstraße - Haus Bodelschwingh 08 ies.jpg
Dortmund Oper Kaufmann.jpg
Union-Brauerei Dortmund.jpg
NRW, Dortmund, Friedensplatz - Altes Stadthaus 04.jpg
Zeche Zollern Dortmund-Bövinghausen.jpg
Alte Markt Dortmund.JPG
From top: Skyline of the city, Lake Phoenix
Bodelschwingh Castle,
Opera House,
Altes Stadthaus
City centre with St Reinold's Church,
Zollern II/IV Colliery
Flag of Dortmund
Coat of arms of Dortmund
Location of Dortmund within North Rhine-Westphalia
North rhine w DO.svg
Dortmund is located in Germany
Dortmund is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 51°31′N 7°28′E / 51.517°N 7.467°E / 51.517; 7.467Coordinates: 51°31′N 7°28′E / 51.517°N 7.467°E / 51.517; 7.467
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictUrban district
 • Lord mayor (2020–25) Thomas Westphal[1] (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD
 • City280.71 km2 (108.38 sq mi)
 • Metro
7,268 km2 (2,806 sq mi)
86 m (282 ft)
 • City586,852
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
5,302,179 (Ruhr)
 • Metro
11,300,000 (Rhine-Ruhr)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes0231, 02304
Vehicle registrationDO

Dortmund (German: [ˈdɔʁtmʊnt] (Dortmundlisten); Westphalian Low German: Düörpm [ˈdyːœɐ̯pm̩]; Latin: Tremonia) is the third-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Düsseldorf, and the eighth-largest city in Germany, with a population of 588,250 inhabitants as of 2021. It is the largest city (by area and population) of the Ruhr, Germany's largest urban area with some 5.1 million inhabitants, as well as the largest city of Westphalia.[a] On the Emscher and Ruhr rivers (tributaries of the Rhine), it lies in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region and is considered the administrative, commercial, and cultural center of the eastern Ruhr. Dortmund is the second-largest city in the Low German dialect area after Hamburg.

Founded around 882,[3] Dortmund became an Imperial Free City. Throughout the 13th to 14th centuries, it was the "chief city" of the Rhine, Westphalia, and the Netherlands Circle of the Hanseatic League. During the Thirty Years' War, the city was destroyed and decreased in significance until the onset of industrialization. The city then became one of Germany's most important coal, steel and beer centres. Dortmund consequently was one of the most heavily bombed cities in Germany during World War II. The devastating bombing raids of 12 March 1945 destroyed 98% of buildings in the inner city center. These bombing raids, with more than 1,110 aircraft, hold the record to a single target in World War II.[4]

The region has adapted since the collapse of its century-long steel and coal industries and shifted to high-technology biomedical technology, micro systems technology, and also services. Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow,[5] ranked among the twelve innovation cities in European Union[6] and is the most sustainable and digital city in Germany.[7][8] Other key sectors include retail,[9] leisure and the visitor economy,[10] creative industries,[11] and logistics.[12] With its central station and airport, the third-busiest airport in North Rhine-Westphalia, Dortmund is an important transport junction, especially for the surrounding Ruhr area as well as Europe (Benelux countries), and with the largest canal port in Europe it has a connection to important seaports on the North Sea.[13]

Dortmund is home to many cultural and educational institutions, including the Technical University of Dortmund and Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts, International School of Management and other educational, cultural and administrative facilities with over 49,000 students, many museums, such as Museum Ostwall, Museum of Art and Cultural History, German Football Museum, as well as theatres and music venues like the Konzerthaus or the Opera House of Dortmund. Nearly half the municipal territory consists of waterways, woodland, agriculture and green spaces with spacious parks such as Westfalenpark and Rombergpark. This stands in a stark contrast with nearly a hundred years of extensive coal mining and steel milling in the past. Borussia Dortmund is one of the most successful German football clubs.

  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  3. ^ Wikimedia Commons: First documentary reference to Dortmund-Bövinghausen from 882, contribution-list of the Werden Abbey (near Essen), North-Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  4. ^ "Support – Main Menu". Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  5. ^ "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index". 27 October 2009. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
  6. ^ "Icapitel Europe 2019, Finalist".
  7. ^ "Die Stadt Dortmund ist Sieger in der Kategorie "Deutschlands nachhaltigste Großstädte 2014"". Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Die Stadt Dortmund ist Sieger in der Kategorie "Digitalste Stadt Deutschlands 2018"". Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Tourismus: Über 860.000 Tourist*innen besuchten Dortmund in 2019 – Erneuter Zuwachs bei Übernachtungszahlen – Alle Nachrichten – Nachrichtenportal – Leben in Dortmund – Stadtportal".
  10. ^ Schmidt, Dirk (18 February 2020). "Tourismus: +4,5 % mehr Übernachtungen im Ruhrgebiet".
  11. ^ "Smart City Index 2019" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2021. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Dortmund | Create Your Future Digital Business". Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  13. ^ "Flughafen Dortmund stellt 2019 deutlichen Passagierrekord auf".

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