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Dalmatia information


Dalmatia
Dalmacija (Croatian)
Dalmazia (Italian)
Historical region1
Flag of Dalmatia
Coat of arms of Dalmatia
  •   Dalmatia, on a map of Croatia
  • Sometimes regarded as Dalmatia:
  (striped) Gračac Municipality
  •   Bay of Kotor area in Montenegro
  •   Rab Island and surroundings
CountryDalmatia Croatia
Dalmatia Bosnia and Herzegovina
Dalmatia Montenegro
Named forDalmatae
Largest citySplit
Area
2
 • Total12,158 km2 (4,694 sq mi)
Highest elevation
(Dinara)
1,831 m (6,007 ft)
Population
 (2021)2
 • Total938,272
 • Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
DemonymDalmatian
Time zoneCentral European Time
^ Dalmatia is not an official subdivision of the Republic of Croatia; it is a Historical region.[1] The flag and arms below are also unofficial/historical; none are legally defined at present.
^ The figures are an approximation based on statistical data for the four southernmost Croatian Counties (Zadar without Gračac, Šibenik-Knin, Split-Dalmatia, Dubrovnik-Neretva).[2][3]

Dalmatia (/dælˈmʃə, -tiə/; Croatian: Dalmacija [dǎlmaːtsija]; Italian: Dalmazia [dalˈmattsja]; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia,[1][4] alongside Central Croatia, Slavonia and Istria, located on the east shore of the Adriatic Sea in Croatia.

Dalmatia is a narrow belt stretching from the island of Rab in the north to the Bay of Kotor in the south. The Dalmatian Hinterland ranges in width from fifty kilometres in the north, to just a few kilometres in the south; it is mostly covered by the rugged Dinaric Alps. Seventy-nine islands (and about 500 islets) run parallel to the coast, the largest (in Dalmatia) being Brač, Pag, and Hvar. The largest city is Split, followed by Zadar, Šibenik, and Dubrovnik.

The name of the region stems from an Illyrian tribe called the Dalmatae, who lived in the area in classical antiquity. Later it became a Roman province (with much larger territory than modern region), and as result a Romance culture emerged, along with the now-extinct Dalmatian language, later largely replaced with related Venetian. With the arrival of the Sclaveni (South Slavs; mostly Croats) to the area in the late 6th century, who eventually occupied most of the coast and hinterland, Slavic and Romance elements began to intermix in language and culture.

After the medieval Kingdom of Croatia, in which most of Dalmatia resided, entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102, its cities and lands were often conquered by, or switched allegiance to, the kingdoms of the region during the Middle Ages. At one time, most of Dalmatia came under rule of the Republic of Venice, which controlled most of Dalmatia between 1420 and 1797 as part of its State of the Sea, with the exception of the small but stable Republic of Ragusa (1358–1808) in the south. Between 1815 and 1918, it was a province of the Austrian Empire known as the Kingdom of Dalmatia. After the Austro-Hungarian defeat in World War I, Dalmatia was split between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which controlled most of it, and the Kingdom of Italy, which held several smaller parts. After World War II, the People's Republic of Croatia as a part of Yugoslavia took complete control over the area. Following the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Dalmatia became part of the Republic of Croatia.

  1. ^ a b Frucht, Richard C. (2004). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. Vol. 1 (illustrated ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 413. ISBN 1576078000. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  2. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  3. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: County of Zadar". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  4. ^ Stallaerts, Robert (2009). Historical Dictionary of Croatia. Scarecrow Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0810873636.

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