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Copenhagen information

København (Danish)
Capital city
City of Copenhagen
Byen København
From upper left: Amalienborg, Christiansborg Palace, Frederik's Church, Tivoli Gardens, Nyhavn and The Lakes, Copenhagen
Official logo of Copenhagen
Copenhagen is located in Denmark
Location within Denmark
Copenhagen is located in Scandinavia
Location within Scandinavia
Copenhagen is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 55°40′34″N 12°34′06″E / 55.67611°N 12.56833°E / 55.67611; 12.56833Coordinates: 55°40′34″N 12°34′06″E / 55.67611°N 12.56833°E / 55.67611; 12.56833
CountryCopenhagen Denmark
RegionCopenhagen Capital
MunicipalitiesCoat of arms of Copenhagen.svg Copenhagen
Dragør Kommune sjield.png Dragør
Coat of arms of Frederiksberg.svg Frederiksberg
Tårnby Kommune shield.png Tårnby
 • City183.20 km2 (70.73 sq mi)
 • Urban
525.50 km2 (202.90 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,371.80 km2 (1,301.86 sq mi)
 • Øresund Region20,754.63 km2 (8,013.41 sq mi)
Highest elevation
91 m (299 ft)
Lowest elevation
1 m (3 ft)
 (1st July 2022)[3][4][5][6]
 • City1,366,301
 • Density4,417.65/km2 (11,441.7/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density2,560.54/km2 (6,631.8/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density633.38/km2 (1,640.4/sq mi)
 • Øresund Region
 • Øresund Region density199.28/km2 (516.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
1050–1778, 2100, 2150, 2200, 2300, 2400, 2450, 2500
Area code(+45) 3

Copenhagen (/ˌkpənˈhɡən, -ˈhɑː-/ KOH-pən-HAY-gən, -⁠HAH- or /ˈkpənhɡən, -hɑː-/ KOH-pən-hay-gən, -⁠hah-.;[9] Danish: København [kʰøpm̩ˈhɑwˀn] (Copenhagenlisten)) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a proper population of around 815,000, almost 1.4 million in the urban area,[10][11] and more than 2 million in the wider Copenhagen metropolitan area. The city is on the islands of Zealand and Amager, separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the Øresund strait. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

Originally a Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century, it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions, defences, and armed forces. During the Renaissance the city served as the de facto capital of the Kalmar Union, being the seat of monarchy, governing the majority of the present day Nordic region in a personal union with Sweden and Norway ruled by the Danish monarch serving as the head of state. The city flourished as the cultural and economic centre of Scandinavia under the union for well over 120 years, starting in the 15th century up until the beginning of the 16th century when the union was dissolved with Sweden leaving the union through a rebellion. After a plague outbreak and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment. This included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After further disasters in the early 19th century when Horatio Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing and businesses along the five urban railway routes stretching out from the city centre.

Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure. The city is the cultural, economic and governmental centre of Denmark; it is one of the major financial centres of Northern Europe with the Copenhagen Stock Exchange. Copenhagen's economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology, pharmaceuticals and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become increasingly integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades, and waterfronts. Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle, Frederik's Church, Børsen and many museums, restaurants and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions.

Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and the IT University of Copenhagen. The University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the football clubs F.C. Copenhagen and Brøndby IF. The annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world.

Movia is the public mass transit company serving all of eastern Denmark, except Bornholm. The Copenhagen Metro, launched in 2002, serves central Copenhagen. Additionally, the Copenhagen S-train, the Lokaltog (private railway), and the Coast Line network serve and connect central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2.5 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic countries.

  1. ^ "Statistikbanken".
  2. ^ "Befolkningstäthet (Invånare per kvadratkilometer), folkmängd och landareal efter region och kön. År 1991 - 2021".
  3. ^ "Befolkningstal".
  4. ^ "Folketal den 1. I kvartalet efter område, køn, alder og civilstand - Statistikbanken - data og tal".
  5. ^ "FAKTA: Øresundsregionen har 4,1 millioner indbyggere". 4 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 juni 2022 och befolkningsförändringar 1 april - 30 juni 2022". Archived from the original on 27 August 2022. Retrieved 27 August 2022.
  7. ^ "Population at the first day of the quarter by urban areas, age and sex". Statistics Denmark. 1 January 2016. Archived from the original on 25 February 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  8. ^ "Four regions over double the EU average…". Archived from the original on 2 April 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Copenhagen" Archived 22 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  10. ^ Nyt fra Danmarks Statistik – Byopgørelsen 1. januar 2020
  11. ^ "The average Dane". Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2018.

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