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Copenhagen information

København (Danish)
Capital city
City of Copenhagen
Københavns Kommune (Danish)
Christiansborg Palace
Frederik's Church
Tivoli Gardens
The Lakes
Official logo of Copenhagen
Copenhagen is located in Denmark
Location within Denmark
Copenhagen is located in Scandinavia
Location within Scandinavia
Copenhagen is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 55°40′34″N 12°34′06″E / 55.67611°N 12.56833°E / 55.67611; 12.56833
CountryCopenhagen Denmark
RegionCopenhagen Capital
Municipalities Copenhagen
Established1167; 857 years ago (1167)
 • City90.01 km2 (34.75 sq mi)
 • Urban
525.50 km2 (202.90 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,371.80 km2 (1,301.86 sq mi)
 • Øresund Region20,754.63 km2 (8,013.41 sq mi)
Highest elevation
91 m (299 ft)
Lowest elevation
1 m (3 ft)
 (1 July 2022)[2][3][4][5]
 • City660,842
 • Density7,298/km2 (18,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density2,560.54/km2 (6,631.8/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density633.38/km2 (1,640.4/sq mi)
 • Øresund Region
 • Øresund Region density199.28/km2 (516.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
1050–1799, 2100, 2150, 2200, 2300, 2400, 2450, 2500, 2700, 2720
Area code(+45) 3

Copenhagen[8] (Danish: København [kʰøpm̩ˈhɑwˀn] ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a population of 1.4 million in the urban area.[9][10] The city is situated on the islands of Zealand and Amager, separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the Øresund strait. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

Originally a Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. During the 16th century, the city served as the de facto capital of the Kalmar Union and the seat of the Union's monarchy, which governed most of the modern-day Nordic region as part of a Danish confederation with Sweden and Norway. The city flourished as the cultural and economic centre of Scandinavia during the Renaissance, and by the 17th century, it had become a regional centre of power, serving as the heart of the Danish government and military. During the 18th century, Copenhagen suffered from a devastating plague outbreak and urban conflagrations, and proceeded to undergo several major redevelopment efforts, which included the construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and the establishment of cultural institutions such as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. The city also became the centre of the Danish slave trade during this period. In 1807, the city was bombarded by a British fleet during the Napoleonic Wars, before the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture. After World War II, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing and businesses along the five urban railway routes emanating from the city centre.

Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure. The city is the cultural, economic and governmental centre of Denmark; it is one of the major financial centres of Northern Europe with the Copenhagen Stock Exchange. Copenhagen's economy has developed rapidly in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology, pharmaceuticals and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has increasingly integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. With several bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades, and waterfronts. Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle, Frederik's Church, Børsen and many museums, restaurants and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions.

Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School, and the IT University of Copenhagen. The University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the football clubs F.C. Copenhagen and Brøndby IF. The annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world. Movia is the public mass transit company serving all of eastern Denmark, except Bornholm. The Copenhagen Metro, launched in 2002, serves central Copenhagen. Additionally, the Copenhagen S-train, the Lokaltog (private railway), and the Coast Line network serve and connect central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2.5 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic countries.

  1. ^ "Statistikbanken". Archived from the original on 2 July 2022. Retrieved 27 August 2022.
  2. ^ "Befolkningstal". Archived from the original on 14 August 2022. Retrieved 27 August 2022.
  3. ^ "Folketal den 1. I kvartalet efter område, køn, alder og civilstand - Statistikbanken - data og tal". Archived from the original on 27 August 2022. Retrieved 27 August 2022.
  4. ^ "FAKTA: Øresundsregionen har 4,1 millioner indbyggere". 4 March 2021. Archived from the original on 27 August 2022. Retrieved 27 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 juni 2022 och befolkningsförändringar 1 april - 30 juni 2022". Archived from the original on 27 August 2022. Retrieved 27 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Population at the first day of the quarter by urban areas, age and sex". Statistics Denmark. 1 January 2016. Archived from the original on 25 February 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Four regions over double the EU average…". Archived from the original on 2 April 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  8. ^ (/ˌkpənˈhɡən, -ˈhɑː-/ KOH-pən-HAY-gən, -⁠HAH- or /ˈkpənhɡən, -hɑː-/ KOH-pən-hay-gən, -⁠hah-;"Copenhagen" Archived 22 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  9. ^ "Nyt fra Danmarks Statistik – Byopgørelsen 1. januar 2020" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 29 October 2022.
  10. ^ "The average Dane". Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2018.

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