Global Information Lookup Global Information

Chams information

ꨂꨣꩃ ꨌꩌꨛꨩ
Urang Campa
Cham women performing a traditional dance in Nha Trang, Vietnam
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Chams Cambodia600,000[1]
Chams Vietnam178,948[2]
Chams Malaysia25,000[3]
Chams China10,000[4]
Chams Thailand4,000
Chams United States3,000
Chams France1,000
Chams Laos700[5]
Cham, Tsat, Haroi, Vietnamese, Khmer
Predominantly Sunni Islam (Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, southern Vietnam, and Hainan, China)
Minorities of Shi'a Bani Islam and Hinduism (central Vietnam)[6]
Related ethnic groups
Utsuls, and other Austronesian peoples
(especially Jarai, Rade, Acehnese)

The Chams (Cham: ꨌꩌ, Čaṃ), or Champa people (Cham: ꨂꨣꩃ ꨌꩌꨛꨩ, Urang Campa;[7] Vietnamese: Người Chăm or Người Chàm; Khmer: ជនជាតិចាម, Chônchéatĕ Cham), are an Austronesian ethnic group in Southeast Asia as well as an indigenous people of central Vietnam. They are the original inhabitants of coastal areas in Vietnam and Cambodia, along the South China Sea, since before the arrival of the Cambodians and Vietnamese, during the expansion of the Khmer Empire (802–1431 CE) and the Vietnamese conquest of Champa (11th–19th century CE).[8][9]

From the 2nd century CE, the Cham founded Champa, a collection of independent Hindu-Buddhist principalities in what is now central and southern Vietnam. By the 17th century CE, Champa became an Islamic sultanate.[10] Today, the Cham people are largely Muslim, with a minority following Hinduism.[11] Despite their adherence to Islam, the Cham people still retain their ancestral practice of matriarchy in family and inheritance.[12]

The Cham people speak Cham and Tsat (the latter is spoken by the Utsul, a Cham subgroup on China's Hainan Island), the two Chamic languages from the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family.[13] The Cham people were one among several ethnic groups that were primarily targeted by the Khmer Rouge's ethnic cleansing campaign during the Cambodian Genocide (1975–1979).[14]

Traditional Cham women's clothes
  1. ^ Leonie Kijewski (13 December 2019). "'Beautifying Phnom Penh': Muslim Cham face eviction in Cambodia". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 28 May 2023. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  2. ^ General Statistics Office of Vietnam (1 April 2019). "2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2023.
  3. ^ Abdul Hamid, Mohamed Effendy Bin (2006). "Understanding the Cham Identity in Mainland Southeast Asia: Contending Views". Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia. 21 (2): 230–253. doi:10.1353/soj.2007.0002. JSTOR 41308077.
  4. ^ "Tiny Muslim community becomes latest target for China's religious crackdown". 28 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Western Cham in Laos". Joshua Project. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Cham". 19 June 2015.
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference leaves was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Quang, Tuyen; Noseworthy, William B.; Paulson, Dave (7 September 2022). "Rising tensions: heritage-tourism development and the commodification of "Authentic" culture among the Cham community of Vietnam". Leisure and Tourism. Cogent Social Sciences. 8: 1–23. doi:10.1080/23311886.2022.2116161.
  9. ^ Wu, Chihkang Kenny; Nguyen, Ngoc Anh; Dang, T. Q. T.; Nguyen, Mai-Uyen (14 December 2022). "The Impact of COVID-19 on Ethnic Business Households Involved in Tourism in Ninh Thuan, Vietnam". Sustainability. MDPI. 14 (16800): 16800. doi:10.3390/su142416800.
  10. ^ "The Cham: Descendants of Ancient Rulers of South China Sea Watch Maritime Dispute From Sidelines". Science. 18 June 2014. Archived from the original on 25 February 2021. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  11. ^ Kijewski, Leonie. "'Beautifying Phnom Penh': Muslim Cham face eviction in Cambodia". Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference :6 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ Project, Joshua. "Utsat in China".
  14. ^ Williams, Francis (18 September 2023). "The eradication of Cham Muslim women's ethnic identity in Cambodia, 1975–79". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. Cambridge University Press. 54 (3): 502–525. doi:10.1017/S0022463423000498. S2CID 262060374.

and 19 Related for: Chams information

Request time (Page generated in 0.5993 seconds.)


Last Update:

The Chams (Cham: ꨌꩌ, Čaṃ), or Champa people (Cham: ꨂꨣꩃ ꨌꩌꨛꨩ, Urang Campa; Vietnamese: Người Chăm or Người Chàm; Khmer: ជនជាតិចាម, Chônchéatĕ Cham), are...

Word Count : 9438

Abby Chams

Last Update:

Abigail Chamungwana largely known by her stage names Abigail Chams and Abby Chams is a Tanzanian multi-instrumentalist, social activist and a singer signed...

Word Count : 725

Cham Albanians

Last Update:

Albanians as Chameria. The Chams have their own particular cultural identity within Albanian sub-groups. A number of Chams contributed to the Albanian...

Word Count : 32053


Last Update:

Look up Cham, cham, Châm, châm, or chấm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Cham or CHAM may refer to: Chams, people in Vietnam and Cambodia Cham language...

Word Count : 367

Expulsion of Cham Albanians

Last Update:

passage and offered to host all those Chams who would abandon the Nazi side. As such, a few hundred Muslim Chams stayed in Greece. Moreover, according...

Word Count : 8756

Cham dance

Last Update:

merit to all who perceive them. Chams are considered a form of meditation and an offering to the gods. The leader of the cham is typically a musician, keeping...

Word Count : 1080

Cham issue

Last Update:

financial compensation. According to most Chams, money is not as important as citizenship. A peaceful resolution of the Cham issue is sought, in regard to the...

Word Count : 3313

Milan Chams

Last Update:

Milan Chams (born 20 March 1980) is a director of Nepali films. He is best known for the films Bir Bikram and Lily Bily which have received a number of...

Word Count : 321

Cham calendar

Last Update:

Nâthak. The Cham calendar known as Sakawi Cham is a term used to encompass two calendar variants. Sakawi Ahier: This is used by Balamon Hindu Chams and is...

Word Count : 408

Cham Cham

Last Update:

Cham Cham Cham Cham, Iran, a village in Kermanshah Province, Iran "The Cham-Cham", a 1966 episode of the TV series Thunderbirds Cham cham, a Bangladeshi...

Word Count : 69

Cham language

Last Update:

Cham (Cham: ꨌꩌ) is a Malayo-Polynesian language of the Austronesian family, spoken by the Chams of Southeast Asia. It is spoken primarily in the territory...

Word Count : 2557

Islam in Vietnam

Last Update:

Central Chams in both its writing system and texts, has been lost among the Chams of the Mekong Delta.[page needed] This causes the Central Chams to render...

Word Count : 7520

Cham script

Last Update:

article correctly. The Cham script is a Brahmic abugida used to write Cham, an Austronesian language spoken by some 245,000 Chams in Vietnam and Cambodia...

Word Count : 1384

Cham Albanian collaboration with the Axis

Last Update:

remaining Chams were carried out by Greek guerrillas and villagers. When the war ended, special courts on collaboration sentenced 2,106 Chams to death...

Word Count : 5142


Last Update:

Cham being Ahier and Bani, while the majority of Cambodian Chams and Mekong Delta Chams are Sunni Muslim (also called Cham Baruw, meaning "new Cham")...

Word Count : 15292

Old Cham

Last Update:

Cham has the oldest literary history of any Austronesian language. The Dong Yen Chau inscription, written in Old Cham, dates from the late 4th century...

Word Count : 331

Gustavo Chams

Last Update:

Gustavo Chams (born May 28, 1994) is a Brazilian fashion photographer, designer and visual artist. He is known for photographing celebrities such as Gisele...

Word Count : 508

Cham Chareh

Last Update:

Cham Chareh or Cham Chara (Persian: چم چره) may refer to: Cham Chareh 1 Cham Chareh 2 Cham Chareh 3 Chareh (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists...

Word Count : 56

Muhammed Cham

Last Update:

Muhammed Cham Saračević (born 26 September 2000) is an Austrian professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for French Ligue 1 club Clermont...

Word Count : 614

PDF Search Engine ©