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Central African Republic Civil War information


Central African Republic Civil War
Current military situation in Central African Republic:
Current military situation in Central African Republic (For a detailed map of the current military situation, see here)
Date10 December 2012 – present
(11 years, 2 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
Location
Central African Republic
(with possible spillover into East Region, Cameroon)[11]
Result

Ongoing

  • Séléka rebel coalition takes power from François Bozizé.[12]
  • Michel Djotodia, the leader of Séléka, becomes president
  • President Michel Djotodia abolishes Séléka
  • Low-level fighting between Ex-Séléka factions and Anti-balaka militias.[13]
  • President Michel Djotodia resigns amid heavy international pressure. Interim government is formed
  • Elections conducted in 2016 with Faustin-Archange Touadéra becoming the president
  • De facto split between ex-Séléka factions controlled north and east and Anti-balaka controlled south and west with a Séléka faction declaring the Republic of Logone.[14]
  • Fighting between Ex-Séléka factions FPRC and UPC.
  • Ex-president François Bozizé merges all rebel groups and forms the Coalition of Patriots for Change
  • Elections in 2021 with Faustin-Archange Touadéra being re-elected as president
Territorial
changes
As of July 2021 the government controls more territory than at any point since the war began.[15]
Belligerents

Central African Republic Civil War Central African Republic

  • Central African Armed Forces

Central African Republic Civil War MINUSCA (since 2014)
Central African Republic Civil War Rwanda (since 2020)[1]
Central African Republic Civil War Russia (since 2018)[1]

  • Wagner Group[2]
  • Russian Imperial Movement[3]
  • Black Russians[4]

Formerly:

Central African Republic Civil War South Africa (2013)
MISCA (2013–2014)
MICOPAX
(2008–2013)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Angola
  • Central African Republic Civil War Cameroon
  • Central African Republic Civil War Chad
  • Central African Republic Civil War Morocco[5]
  • Central African Republic Civil War Uganda
  • Central African Republic Civil War Congo-Brazzaville
  • Central African Republic Civil War DRC
  • Central African Republic Civil War Gabon
  • Central African Republic Civil War Burundi
  • Central African Republic Civil War Equatorial Guinea
  • Central African Republic Civil War São Tomé and Príncipe

Central African Republic Civil War France (2013–2021)[6]

Central African Republic Civil War EUFOR RCA
(2014–2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Estonia
  • Central African Republic Civil War Finland
  • Central African Republic Civil War Georgia
  • Central African Republic Civil War Latvia
  • Central African Republic Civil War Luxembourg
  • Central African Republic Civil War Netherlands
  • Central African Republic Civil War Portugal
  • Central African Republic Civil War Poland
  • Central African Republic Civil War Romania
  • Central African Republic Civil War Spain
  • Central African Republic Civil War Italy
Central African Republic Civil War Coalition of Patriots for Change (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Anti-balaka
  • Central African Republic Civil War 3R
  • Central African Republic Civil War UPC
  • Central African Republic Civil War FPRC

Central African Republic Civil War MPC
Central African Republic Civil War Republic of Logone
Central African Republic Civil War PRNC
Central African Republic Civil War Lord's Resistance Army
Azande Ani Kpi Gbe (since March 2023)[7]

Support:
  • Central African Republic Civil War Chad (alleged)[8][9]
  • Sudan RSF[10]

Defunct groups:

Central African Republic Civil War Séléka (2012–2014)
  • CPJP
  • CPSK
  • UFDR
  • FDPC
  • FPR
Central African Republic Civil War RJ (2013–2018)
Central African Republic Civil War MNLC (2017–2019)
Central African Republic Civil War MLCJ (2008–2022)
Central African Republic Civil War RPRC (2014–2022)
Commanders and leaders

Central African Republic Civil War Faustin-Archange Touadéra
(since 2016)
Central African Republic Civil War Catherine Samba-Panza
(2014–2016)
Central African Republic Civil War François Bozizé
(2012–2013)
Central African Republic Civil War Parfait Onanga-Anyanga
Central African Republic Civil War Emmanuel Macron
(2017–2021)
Central African Republic Civil War François Hollande
(2013–2017)
Central African Republic Civil War Jacob Zuma
(2012–2013)
Central African Republic Civil War Paul Kagame
(since 2020)
Central African Republic Civil War Vladimir Putin
(since 2018)

MINUSCA:
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohammed Shahabuddin
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohammad Abdul Hamid
    (2014–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sheikh Hasina
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Arif Alvi
    (since 2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mamnoon Hussain
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Anwaar ul Haq Kakar
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Shehbaz Sharif
    (2022–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Imran Khan
    (2018–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
    (2017–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nawaz Sharif
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mostafa Madbouly
    (since 2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sherif Ismail
    (2015–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ibrahim Mahlab
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Hakainde Hichilema
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Edgar Lungu
    (2015–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Guy Scott
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ram Chandra Poudel
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bidya Devi Bhandari
    (2015–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ram Baran Yadav
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sher Bahadur Deuba
    (2021–22, 2017–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War KP Sharma Oli
    (2015–16, 2018–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pushpa Kamal Dahal
    (2016–17, since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sushil Koirala
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
    (since 2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
    (2014–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Ould Bilal
    (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ismail Ould Bedde Ould Cheikh Sidiya
    (2019–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Salem Ould Béchir
    (2018–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Yahya Ould Hademine
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Samia Suluhu Hassan
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War John Magufuli
    (2015–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jakaya Kikwete
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Kassim Majaliwa
    (since 2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mizengo Pinda
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Joko Widodo
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Macky Sall
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Amadou Ba
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mahammed Dionne
    (2014–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Dina Boluarte
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pedro Castillo
    (2021–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Francisco Sagasti
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Manuel Merino
    (2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Martín Vizcarra
    (2018–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
    (2016–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ollanta Humala
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alberto Otárola
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pedro Angulo Arana
    (2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Betssy Chávez
    (2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Aníbal Torres
    (2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Héctor Valer
    (2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mirtha Vásquez
    (2021–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Guido Bellido
    (2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Violeta Bermúdez
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ántero Flores Aráoz
    (2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Walter Martos
    (2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pedro Cateriano
    (2015–16, 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Vicente Zeballos
    (2019–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Salvador del Solar
    (2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War César Villanueva
    (2018–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mercedes Aráoz
    (2017–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Fernando Zavala
    (2016–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ana Jara
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Norodom Sihamoni
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Hun Manet
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Hun Sen
    (2014–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Kais Saied
    (since 2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Ennaceur
    (2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Beji Caid Essebsi
    (2014–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ahmed Hachani
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Najla Bouden
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Hichem Mechichi
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Elyes Fakhfakh
    (2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Youssef Chahed
    (2016–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Habib Essid
    (2015–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mehdi Jomaa
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ranil Wickremesinghe
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Gotabaya Rajapaksa
    (2019–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Maithripala Sirisena
    (2015–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mahinda Rajapaksa
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Dinesh Gunawardena
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War D. M. Jayaratne
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Aleksandar Vučić
    (since 2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Tomislav Nikolić
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ana Brnabić
    (since 2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ivica Dačić
    (2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alassane Ouattara
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Robert Beugré Mambé
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Patrick Achi
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Hamed Bakayoko
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Amadou Gon Coulibaly
    (2017–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Daniel Kablan Duncan
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdullah II
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bisher Al-Khasawneh
    (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Omar Razzaz
    (2018–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Hani Mulki
    (2016–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdullah Ensour
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ahmet Davutoğlu
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Binali Yıldırım
    (2016–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Cevdet Yılmaz
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Fuat Oktay
    (2018–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ibrahim Traoré
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
    (2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Roch Marc Christian Kaboré
    (2015–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Michel Kafando
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Chérif Sy
    (2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Gilbert Diendéré
    (2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Yacouba Isaac Zida
    (2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Honoré Traoré
    (2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Apollinaire Joachim Kyélem de Tambèla
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Albert Ouédraogo
    (2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Lassina Zerbo
    (2021–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Christophe Joseph Marie Dabiré
    (2019–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Paul Kaba Thieba
    (2016–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdourahamane Tchiani
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Bazoum
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mahamadou Issoufou
    (2014–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ali Lamine Zeine
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Brigi Rafini
    (2014–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Patrice Talon
    (since 2016)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Thomas Boni Yayi
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Lionel Zinsou
    (2015–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Faure Gnassingbé
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Victoire Tomegah Dogbé
    (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Komi Sélom Klassou
    (2015–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Adama Barrow
    (since 2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Yahya Jammeh
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Assimi Goïta
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bah Ndaw
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
    (2014–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdoulaye Maïga
    (2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Choguel Kokalla Maïga
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Moctar Ouane
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Boubou Cissé
    (2019–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga
    (2017–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdoulaye Idrissa Maïga
    (2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Modibo Keita
    (2015–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Moussa Mara
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War William Ruto
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Uhuru Kenyatta
    (2014–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mamady Doumbouya
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alpha Condé
    (2014–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bernard Goumou
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Béavogui
    (2021–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ibrahima Kassory Fofana
    (2018–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mamady Youla
    (2015–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohamed Said Fofana
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nana Akufo-Addo
    (since 2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War John Mahama
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jair Bolsonaro
    (2019–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Michel Temer
    (2016–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Dilma Rousseff
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bola Tinubu
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Muhammadu Buhari
    (2015–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Goodluck Jonathan
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Joe Biden
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Donald Trump
    (2017–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Barack Obama
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nguyễn Phú Trọng
    (since 2014, 2018–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Võ Văn Thưởng
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
    (2021–23, 2016–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
    (2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Trần Đại Quang
    (2016–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Trương Tấn Sang
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Phạm Minh Chính
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Tshering Tobgay
    (since 2024, 2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Chogyal Dago Rigdzin
    (2023–24)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Lotay Tshering
    (2018–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Tshering Wangchuk
    (2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Julius Maada Bio
    (since 2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ernest Bai Koroma
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War David Moinina Sengeh
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jacob Jusu Saffa
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War David J. Francis
    (2018–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bernardo Arévalo
    (since 2024)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alejandro Giammattei
    (2020–24)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jimmy Morales
    (2016–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alejandro Maldonado
    (2015–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Otto Pérez Molina
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Santiago Peña
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mario Abdo Benítez
    (2018–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Horacio Cartes
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Maia Sandu
    (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Igor Dodon
    (2016–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nicolae Timofti
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Dorin Recean
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Natalia Gavrilița
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Aureliu Ciocoi
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ion Chicu
    (2019–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pavel Filip
    (2016–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Gheorghe Brega
    (2015–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Valeriu Streleț
    (2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Natalia Gherman
    (2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Chiril Gaburici
    (2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Iurie Leancă
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Luis Arce
    (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jeanine Áñez
    (2019–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Evo Morales
    (2014–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Petr Pavel
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Miloš Zeman
    (2014–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Petr Fiala
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Andrej Babiš
    (2017–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bohuslav Sobotka
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Luis Lacalle Pou
    (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Tabaré Vázquez
    (2015–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War José Mujica
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Javier Milei
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alberto Fernández
    (2019–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mauricio Macri
    (2015–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Gustavo Petro
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Iván Duque
    (2018–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Juan Manuel Santos
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Daniel Noboa
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Guillermo Lasso
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Lenín Moreno
    (2017–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Rafael Correa
    (2014–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
    (since 2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nursultan Nazarbayev
    (2014–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Älihan Smaiylov
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Asqar Mamin
    (2019–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bakhytjan Sagintayev
    (2016–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Karim Massimov
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Andrés Manuel López Obrador
    (since 2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Enrique Peña Nieto
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bongbong Marcos
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Rodrigo Duterte
    (2016–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Benigno Aquino III
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Carl XVI Gustaf
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ulf Kristersson
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Magdalena Andersson
    (2021–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Stefan Löfven
    (2014–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Emmerson Mnangagwa
    (since 2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Phelekezela Mphoko
    (2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Robert Mugabe
    (2014–17)
EUFOR RCA:
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alar Karis
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Kersti Kaljulaid
    (2016–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Toomas Hendrik Ilves
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Kaja Kallas
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jüri Ratas
    (2016–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Taavi Rõivas
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sauli Niinistö
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Petteri Orpo
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sanna Marin
    (2019–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Antti Rinne
    (2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Juha Sipilä
    (2015–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alexander Stubb
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Salome Zourabichvili
    (since 2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Giorgi Margvelashvili
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Irakli Kobakhidze
    (since 2024)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Irakli Garibashvili
    (2021–24, 2013–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Maya Tskitishvili
    (2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Giorgi Gakharia
    (2019–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mamuka Bakhtadze
    (2018–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Giorgi Kvirikashvili
    (2015–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Edgars Rinkēvičs
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Egils Levits
    (2019–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Raimonds Vējonis
    (2015–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Andris Bērziņš
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Evika Siliņa
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Krišjānis Kariņš
    (2019–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Māris Kučinskis
    (2016–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Laimdota Straujuma
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Henri
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Luc Frieden
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Xavier Bettel
    (2014–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Willem-Alexander
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mark Rutte
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
    (since 2016)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Aníbal Cavaco Silva
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War António Costa
    (since 2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pedro Passos Coelho
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Andrzej Duda
    (since 2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bronisław Komorowski
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Donald Tusk
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mateusz Morawiecki
    (2017–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Beata Szydło
    (2015–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ewa Kopacz
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Klaus Iohannis
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Marcel Ciolacu
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Cătălin Predoiu
    (2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Nicolae Ciucă
    (2021–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Florin Cîțu
    (2020–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ludovic Orban
    (2019–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Viorica Dăncilă
    (2018–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mihai Tudose
    (2017–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sorin Grindeanu
    (2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Dacian Cioloș
    (2015–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Victor Ponta
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Felipe VI
    (since 2014)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pedro Sánchez
    (since 2018)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mariano Rajoy
    (2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sergio Mattarella
    (since 2015)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Giorgio Napolitano
    (2014–15)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Giorgia Meloni
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mario Draghi
    (2021–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Giuseppe Conte
    (2018–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Paolo Gentiloni
    (2016–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Matteo Renzi
    (2014–16)
MICOPAX:
  • Central African Republic Civil War João Lourenço
    (since 2017)
  • Central African Republic Civil War José Eduardo dos Santos
    (2013–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Paul Biya
    (since 2013)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Joseph Ngute
    (since 2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Philémon Yang
    (2013–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mahamat Déby Itno
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Idriss Déby 
    (2013–16, 2016–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Succès Masra
    (since 2024)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Saleh Kebzabo
    (2022–24)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Albert Pahimi Padacké
    (2021–22, 2016–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
    (2013–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Denis Sassou Nguesso
    (since 2013)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Anatole Collinet Makosso
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Clément Mouamba
    (2016–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Félix Tshisekedi
    (since 2019)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Joseph Kabila
    (2013–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Sylvestre Ilunga
    (2019–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Bruno Tshibala
    (2017–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Samy Badibanga
    (2016–17)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Matata Ponyo Mapon
    (2013–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Brice Clotaire Oligui Nguema
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ali Bongo Ondimba
    (2013–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Raymond Ndong Sima
    (2013–14, since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alain Claude Bilie By Nze
    (2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Rose Christiane Raponda
    (2020–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Julien Nkoghe Bekale
    (2019–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
    (2016–19)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Daniel Ona Ondo
    (2014–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Évariste Ndayishimiye
    (since 2020)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Pierre Nkurunziza
    (2013–20)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Gervais Ndirakobuca
    (since 2022)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni
    (2020–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Carlos Vila Nova
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Evaristo Carvalho
    (2016–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Manuel Pinto da Costa
    (2013–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Jorge Bom Jesus
    (2018–22)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Patrice Trovoada
    (since 2022, 2014–18)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Gabriel Costa
    (2013–14))
  • Central African Republic Civil War Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
    (since 2013)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Manuela Roka Botey
    (since 2023)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Francisco Pascual Obama Asue
    (2016–23)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Vicente Ehate Tomi
    (2013–16)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Yoweri Museveni
    (since 2013)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Robinah Nabbanja
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Ruhakana Rugunda
    (2014–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Amama Mbabazi
    (2013–14)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Mohammed VI
    (since 2013)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Aziz Akhannouch
    (since 2021)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Saadeddine Othmani
    (2017–21)
  • Central African Republic Civil War Abdelilah Benkirane
    (2013–17)

Central African Republic Civil War François Bozizé (since 2020)[16]
Central African Republic Civil War Noureddine Adam (FPRC)
Central African Republic Civil War Ali Darassa (UPC)
Central African Republic Civil War Mahamat al-Khatim (MPC)
Central African Republic Civil War Sembé Bobbo (3R)
Central African Republic Civil War Bernard Bonda (Anti-balaka)
Central African Republic Civil War Igor Lamaka (Anti-balaka)
Central African Republic Civil War Joseph Kony (LRA)
Former commanders:
Central African Republic Civil War Damane Zakaria (RPRC) 
Central African Republic Civil War Michel Djotodia Surrendered (2013–2014)
Central African Republic Civil War Joseph Zoundeiko [17]
Central African Republic Civil War Sidiki Abass (3R) [18]
Central African Republic Civil War Maxime Mokom (AB)  Surrendered[19]
Central African Republic Civil War Dieudonné Ndomaté (AB)  Surrendered
Central African Republic Civil War Patrice Edouard Ngaissona (AB)  Surrendered
Central African Republic Civil War Toumou Deya Gilbert (MLCJ)  Surrendered

See full list: List of warlords in the Central African Republic
Strength

Central African Republic Civil War 11,000 (2022)[citation needed]
Central African Republic Civil War MINUSCA: 15,760 (2022)[20]
Central African Republic Civil War Wagner Group: 1,200 (2022)[21]
Black Russians: 3,000+ [4]
Formerly:

Central African Republic Civil War 2,000[22]
Central African Republic Civil War 200[23]
ECCAS: 3,500+ peacekeepers[24][22]
20,000+ (self-claim, 2022)[25]
3,000 (Séléka claim, 2015)[24]
1,000–2,000 (other estimates, 2014)[26]
Casualties and losses
Central African Republic Civil War Unknown
Central African Republic Civil War 147 killed[20]
Central African Republic Civil War 15 soldiers killed[27]
Central African Republic Civil War 3 soldiers killed
500+ rebel casualties (Bangui only, South African claim)
Civilian casualties:
Unknown number killed or wounded
200,000 internally displaced; 20,000 refugees (1 Aug 2013)[28]
700,000 internally displaced; +288,000 refugees (Feb 2014)[29]
Total: Thousands killed[30]
13,594+ killed (Oct 2022)[31]

The Central African Republic Civil War is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and Anti-balaka militias.

In the preceding Central African Republic Bush War (2004–2007), the government of President François Bozizé fought with rebels until a peace agreement in 2007. The current conflict arose when a new coalition of varied rebel groups, known as Séléka, accused the government of failing to abide by the peace agreements,[32] captured many towns in 2012 and seized the capital in 2013.[33] Bozizé fled the country,[34] and the rebel leader Michel Djotodia declared himself President.[35] Renewed fighting began between Séléka and militias opposed to them called Anti-balaka.[36] In September 2013, President Djotodia disbanded the Séléka coalition, which had lost its unity after taking power, and resigned in 2014.[37][38] He was replaced by Catherine Samba-Panza,[39] but the conflict continued.[40] In July 2014, ex-Séléka factions and Anti-balaka representatives signed a ceasefire agreement.[41] By the end of 2014, the country was de facto partitioned with the Anti-Balaka controlling the south and west, from which most Muslims had evacuated, and ex-Séléka groups controlling the north and east.[42] Faustin-Archange Touadéra, who was elected president in 2016, ran and won the 2020 election, that triggered the main rebel factions to form an alliance opposed to the election called the Coalition of Patriots for Change, which was coordinated by former President Bozizé.[43] Peacekeeping largely transitioned from the ECCAS led MICOPAX to the African Union led MISCA to the United Nations led MINUSCA, while the French peacekeeping mission was known as Operation Sangaris.

Much of the tension is over religious identity between Muslim Séléka fighters and Christian Anti-balaka, and ethnic differences among ex-Séléka factions, and historical antagonism between agriculturalists, who largely comprise Anti-balaka, and nomadic groups, who constitute most Séléka fighters.[44] Other contributing factors include the struggle for control of diamonds and other resources in the resource-rich country and for influence among regional powers such as Chad, Sudan and Rwanda and international powers such as France and Russia. More than 1.1 million people have fled their homes in a country of about 5 million people, the highest ever recorded in the country.[45]

  1. ^ a b Rwanda deploys troops to CAR under bilateral arrangement Archived 4 November 2023 at the Wayback Machine, The East African, 22 Dec 2020. Accessed 28 Dec 2020.
  2. ^ "Central African troops and Russian mercenaries accused of abuses in anti-rebel offensive". The New Humanitarian. 29 April 2021. Archived from the original on 21 March 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  3. ^ Sahinkaya, Ezel; Galperovich, Danila (9 May 2020). "Radical Russian Imperial Movement Expanding Global Outreach". Voice of America. Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  4. ^ a b L’incroyable constellation des groupes armés en Centrafrique Archived 29 July 2023 at the Wayback Machine, 27 July 2023
  5. ^ "Morocco has deployed 762 blue helmets in the MINUSCA, who, he said, have succeeded in establishing bonds of trust with local populations regardless of their religious affiliations, said Bourita". Morocco expresses full support for Central African Republic Peace Agreement. The North Africa Post. Archived from the original on 4 November 2023. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  6. ^ France suspends military, budgetary support to Central African Republic Archived 20 March 2023 at the Wayback Machine, 8 June 2021
  7. ^ Nzilo, Alain (13 March 2023). "Le Préfet du Haut-Mbomou sous pression: une nouvelle milice d'autodéfense locale, AZANDE ANI KPI GBE, appelle à son départ". corbeaunews-centrafrique. Corbeaunews Centrafrique. Archived from the original on 8 July 2023. Retrieved 8 July 2023.
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference aljazeera0614 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ "Chad Sends More Troops to CAR Border". Defense Post. 4 June 2021. Archived from the original on 4 November 2023. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Sudan paramilitary funnelling weapons into Central African Republic, UN report reveals". 9 August 2019. Archived from the original on 29 June 2023. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  11. ^ Rebels Attack Cameroonian Town Close To Central African Republic Archived 11 April 2021 at the Wayback Machine, HumAngle, 11 Mar 2021. Accessed 11 Apr 2021.
  12. ^ Looting and gunfire in captured CAR capital Archived 24 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Al Jazeera.com (25 March 2013). Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  13. ^ 26 villagers killed by militants in Central African Republic Archived 23 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine. NewsGhana.com.gh (22 November 2015). Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  14. ^ Central African rebel leader declares autonomous republic Archived 11 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Reuters (15 December 2015). Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  15. ^ Central African Republic Control Map & Timeline – July 2021 Archived 9 October 2023 at the Wayback Machine, PolGeoNow
  16. ^ "CAR ex-President François Bozizé takes charge of rebel alliance". 21 March 2021. Archived from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  17. ^ "CAR crisis: Meeting the rebel army chief". BBC News. 29 July 2014. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Key C. Africa rebel group says chief has been killed". Yahoo! News. 2 April 2021. Archived from the original on 2 April 2021. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  19. ^ Chad hands over leader of anti-Balaka rebel group to the ICC Archived 8 November 2023 at the Wayback Machine, 15 March 2022
  20. ^ a b "Facts and Figures". MINUSCA. 22 April 2015. Archived from the original on 4 November 2023. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  21. ^ Wagner en Centrafrique: entre pénuries et mines d’or, la mission contrariée des mercenaires de Poutine Archived 4 November 2023 at the Wayback Machine, 3 June 2022
  22. ^ a b "More military help sought by UN to protect CAR civilians". The Africa News.Net. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  23. ^ "Zille warns of 'CAR scandal'". Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  24. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference reuters was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ Edouard, Yamale (15 September 2022). "Centrafrique: "Bria": la CPC lance un ultimatum à la Minusca et projette engager plus de 20.000 dans la bataille". Le Tsunami (in French). Archived from the original on 4 November 2023. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  26. ^ "Seleka, Central Africa's motley rebel coalition" Archived 13 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Radio Netherlands Worldwide
  27. ^ "CAR battle claims another SANDF soldier". Enca. South Africa. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  28. ^ "CrisisWatch Database". Archived from the original on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  29. ^ Casey-Maslen, Stuart (2014). The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2013. Oxford University Press. p. 411. ISBN 978-0-19-103764-1.
  30. ^ Massacre evidence found in CAR Archived 14 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine Al Jazeera. 8 November 2013.
  31. ^ "ACLED Dashboard". ACLED. Archived from the original on 24 November 2023. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  32. ^ Uppsala Conflict Data Program Conflict Encyclopedia, Central African Republic, In depth: The Seleka Rebellion, viewed 16 May 2013, http://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/gpcountry.php?id=31&regionSelect=2-Southern_Africa# Archived 12 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Zuma joins regional leaders over crisis in Central African Republic, BDay Live, by Nicholas Kotch, 19 April 2013, 07:50, http://www.bdlive.co.za/africa/africannews/2013/04/19/zuma-joins-regional-leaders-over-crisis-in-central-african-republic Archived 21 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Cite error: The named reference AJE CAR was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  35. ^ "Centrafrique: Michel Djotodia déclare être le nouveau président de la république centrafricaine" (in French). Radio France International. 24 March 2013. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  36. ^ "CrisisWatch N°119". Archived from the original on 20 September 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  37. ^ "Central African Republic president, PM resign at summit: statement". Reuters. 10 January 2014. Archived from the original on 13 October 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  38. ^ "CAR president Djotodia and PM Tiangaye resign". Radio France Internationale. 10 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  39. ^ Cite error: The named reference RfiCSP01 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  40. ^ "New CAR PM says ending atrocities is priority". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  41. ^ "RCA: signature d’un accord de cessez-le-feu à Brazzaville Archived 29 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine". VOA. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  42. ^ "One day we will start a big war". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  43. ^ "CAR ex-President François Bozizé takes charge of rebel alliance". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 14 May 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  44. ^ "Displaced and forgotten in Central African Republic". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  45. ^ "Concert Blast Shows Central African Republic Religious Rift". Bloomberg. 21 November 2017. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017.

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