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Campagna e Marittima Province information


Provincia di Campagna e Marittima
Province of the Papal States
1198–1816
Flag of Campagna e Marittima Province
Flag
CapitalFerentino
Frosinone
History 
• Established
1198
• Disestablished
1816
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Campagna e Marittima Province Comitatus Campaniae (Papal States)
Apostolic Delegation of Frosinone (Papal province) Campagna e Marittima Province

The Campagna and Marittima Province (Latin Campaniæ Maritimæque Provincia, Italian Provincia di Campagna e Marittima) was one of the seven provinces of the Papal States from the 12th century to the end of the 18th.

The province was established by Pope Innocent III in the year 1198, with Frosinone as its capital. Innocent's aim was to counter attempts to achieve self-government in some of the towns in the south of his domains, such as Alatri, Ferentino, Velletri and Terracina, by installing a garrison at Ferentino. Even before that the "Province of the Roman Campagna and Marittima Province' was part of the Patrimony of St Peter.[1]

The Roman Gate at Frosinone

In 1357, the establishment of the province was confirmed by the Constitutiones Sanctæ Matris Ecclesiæ.

The province was administered by a class of feudal 'Roman barons'.[2]

  1. ^ The new Cambridge medieval history: c.1024-c.1198, volume 4, Part 1, p. 288
  2. ^ Peter Partner, Renaissance Rome, 1500-1559: a portrait of a society (1980), p. 65: "The 'Roman barons' were the feudal class of the Roman area, or more exactly the feudal class of the papal provinces of the Patrimony of St Peter in Tuscany, of Campagna and the Maritime Province, of Sabina or part of it..."

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