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Brno information

Statutory city
From top: The Liberty Square, Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, Lužánky Park, Villa Tugendhat, Ignis Brunensis, Brno Exhibition Centre, Špilberk Castle
From top: The Liberty Square, Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, Lužánky Park, Villa Tugendhat, Ignis Brunensis, Brno Exhibition Centre, Špilberk Castle
Flag of Brno
Coat of arms of Brno
Official logo of Brno
Brno is located in Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°11′33″N 16°36′30″E / 49.19250°N 16.60833°E / 49.19250; 16.60833Coordinates: 49°11′33″N 16°36′30″E / 49.19250°N 16.60833°E / 49.19250; 16.60833
CountryBrno Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
Foundedca. 1000[1]
Administrative divisionsBohunice, Bosonohy, Bystrc, Centre, Černovice, Chrlice, Ivanovice, Jehnice, Jundrov, Kníničky, Kohoutovice, Komín, Královo Pole, Lesná, Líšeň, Maloměřice and Obřany, Medlánky, North, Nový Lískovec, Ořešín, Řečkovice and Mokrá Hora, Slatina, South, Starý Lískovec, Tuřany, Útěchov, Vinohrady, Žabovřesky, Žebětín, Židenice
 • MayorMarkéta Vaňková (ODS)
 • Statutory city230.18 km2 (88.87 sq mi)
 • Land225.66 km2 (87.13 sq mi)
 • Water4.52 km2 (1.75 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,170 km2 (1,220 sq mi)
237 m (778 ft)
Highest elevation
497 m (1,631 ft)
Lowest elevation
190 m (620 ft)
 • Statutory city379,466
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
600 00 – 650 00
Area code00420 5

Brno (/ˈbɜːrn/ BUR-noh,[5] Czech: [ˈbr̩no] (Brnolisten); German: Brünn [bʁʏn] (Brnolisten)) is a city in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. Located at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers, Brno has about 380,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the Czech Republic after the capital, Prague, and one of the 100 largest cities of the EU. The Brno metropolitan area has almost 700,000 inhabitants.[2]

Brno is the former capital city of Moravia and the political and cultural hub of the South Moravian Region. It is the centre of the Czech judiciary, with the seats of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the Supreme Administrative Court, and the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office, and a number of state authorities, including the Ombudsman,[6] and the Office for the Protection of Competition.[7] Brno is also an important centre of higher education, with 33 faculties belonging to 13 institutes of higher education and about 89,000 students.[8]

Brno Exhibition Centre is among the largest exhibition centres in Europe.[9] The complex opened in 1928 and established the tradition of large exhibitions and trade fairs held in Brno.[10] Brno hosts motorbike and other races on the Masaryk Circuit, a tradition established in 1930, in which the Road Racing World Championship Grand Prix is one of the most prestigious races.[11] Another cultural tradition is an international fireworks competition, Ignis Brunensis,[12] which attracts tens of thousands of visitors to each display.[13]

The most visited sights of the city include the Špilberk Castle and fortress and the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul on Petrov hill, two medieval buildings that dominate the cityscape and are often depicted as its traditional symbols[citation needed]. The other large preserved castle near the city is Veveří Castle by Brno Reservoir.[14][15][16] Another architectural monument of Brno is the functionalist Villa Tugendhat, which was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 2001.[17] One of the natural sights nearby is the Moravian Karst. The city is a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network and has been designated as a "City of Music" in 2017.[18]

  1. ^ "History of the City of Brno". The Statutory city of Brno. Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Vymezení území pro Integrované teritoriální investice (ITI) v ČR" (PDF). (in Czech). Ministry of Regional Development of the Czech Republic. March 2020. pp. 19–20.
  3. ^ "Where in the world is Brno? – Statutory city of Brno" (in Czech). The Statutory city of Brno. Archived from the original on 2 September 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  4. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 29 April 2022.
  5. ^ "Brno". Unabridged (Online). n.d. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  6. ^ "The Public Defender of Rights". Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Office for the Protection of Competition". Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Brno v číslech" [Brno in Numbers] (PDF) (in Czech). The Statutory City of Brno. 2010: 85. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Informace o společnosti – Veletrhy Brno" (in Czech). Retrieved 24 September 2011.
  10. ^ "Basic Info – BVV Trade Fairs Brno". Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  11. ^ "1930 – 1986 Automotodrom Brno". Archived from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  12. ^ "ABOUT THE FESTIVAL". Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  13. ^ "Celková návštěvnost festivalových akcí" (in Czech). Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference veveri was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ "Veverské pověsti a legendy" (in Czech). Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  16. ^ "Old Town Hall of Brno – Brno Tourist Informations". Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  17. ^ "Introduction – Vila Tugendhat". Archived from the original on 29 July 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  18. ^ "Brno | Creative Cities Network". Retrieved 3 October 2018.

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Brno (/ˈbɜːrnoʊ/ BUR-noh, Czech: [ˈbr̩no] (listen); German: Brünn [bʁʏn] (listen)) is a city in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. Located...

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