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Brandenburg
Brandenburg (German)
Brannenborg (Low German)
Bramborska (Lower Sorbian)
State
Flag of Brandenburg
Coat of arms of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Coordinates: 52°21′43″N 13°0′29″E / 52.36194°N 13.00806°E / 52.36194; 13.00806Coordinates: 52°21′43″N 13°0′29″E / 52.36194°N 13.00806°E / 52.36194; 13.00806
CountryGermany
CapitalPotsdam
Government
 • BodyLandtag of Brandenburg
 • Minister-PresidentDietmar Woidke (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / CDU / Greens
 • Bundesrat votes4 (of 69)
 • Bundestag seats25 (of 736)
Area
 • Total29,480 km2 (11,380 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-09-30)[1]
 • Total2,520,198
 • Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-BB
Vehicle registrationformerly: BP (1945–1947), SB (1948–1953)[2]
GRP (nominal)€74 billion (2019)[3]
GRP per capita€30,000 (2019)
NUTS RegionDE4
HDI (2018)0.923[4]
very high · 14th of 16
Websitebrandenburg.de

Brandenburg (German: [ˈbʁandn̩bʊʁk] (Brandenburglisten); Low German: Brannenborg; Lower Sorbian: Bramborska [ˈbrambɔrska]) is a state in the northeast of Germany bordering the states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony, as well as the country of Poland. With an area of 29,480 square kilometres (11,380 sq mi) and a population of 2.5 million residents, it is the fifth-largest German state by area and the tenth-most populous. Potsdam is the state capital and largest city, and other major towns are Cottbus, Brandenburg an der Havel and Frankfurt (Oder).

Brandenburg surrounds the national capital and city-state of Berlin, and together they form the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, the third-largest metropolitan area in Germany with a total population of about 6.2 million.[5] There was an unsuccessful attempt to unify both states in 1996 and the states cooperate on many matters to this day.

Brandenburg originated in the Northern March in the 900s AD, from areas conquered from the Wends. It later became the Margraviate of Brandenburg, a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 15th century, it came under the rule of the House of Hohenzollern, which later also became the ruling house of the Duchy of Prussia and established Brandenburg-Prussia, the core of the later Kingdom of Prussia. From 1815 to 1947, Brandenburg was a province of Prussia.

Following the abolition of Prussia after World War II, Brandenburg was established as a state by the Soviet Military Administration in Germany, and became a state of the German Democratic Republic in 1949. In 1952, the state was dissolved and broken up into multiple regional districts. Following German reunification, Brandenburg was re-established in 1990 and became one of the five new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Bevölkerungsstand im Land Brandenburg 3. Quartal 2019" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  2. ^ BP = Brandenburg Province, SB = Soviet Zone, Brandenburg. With the abolition of states in East Germany in 1952 vehicle registration followed the new Bezirk subdivisions. Since 1991 distinct prefixes are specified for each district.
  3. ^ "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019". statistik-bw.de. Archived from the original on 25 June 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Berlin-Brandenburg | IKM". 31 August 2020.

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House of Hohenzollern

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Magdalene of Brandenburg

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Magdalene of Brandenburg, also Magdalene and Magdalen, (7 January 1582 – 4 May 1616) was the daughter of John George, Elector of Brandenburg and his third...

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The Brandenburg Euthanasia Centre (German: NS-Tötungsanstalt Brandenburg), officially known as the Brandenburg an der Havel State Welfare Institute (Landes-Pflegeanstalt...

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of Brandenburg in the Holy Roman Empire. While still nominally two different territories, Prussia under the suzerainty of Poland and Brandenburg under...

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Brandenburg an der Havel

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Brandenburg an der Havel (German pronunciation: [ˈbʁandn̩bʊʁk ʔan deːɐ̯ ˈhaːfl̩] (listen)) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, which served as the capital...

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Princess Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg

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Frederick I of Prussia

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dynasty, was (as Frederick III) Elector of Brandenburg (1688–1713) and Duke of Prussia in personal union (Brandenburg-Prussia). The latter function he upgraded...

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FC Stahl Brandenburg

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Princess Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg

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Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg (13 September 1617 – 28 August 1676), was a Duchess consort of Courland by marriage to Duke Jacob Kettler of Courland...

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Kingdom of Prussia

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in the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Its capital was Berlin. The kings of Prussia were from the House of Hohenzollern. Brandenburg-Prussia, predecessor of...

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Wilhelm von Brandenburg

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Barbara of Brandenburg

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Anne Catherine of Brandenburg

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Beatrice of Brandenburg

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Will Brandenburg

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