Global Information Lookup Global Information

Bosnian language information

bosanski / босански
Native toBosnia and Herzegovina
Native speakers
2.5 million (2008)[1]
Language family
  • Balto-Slavic
    • Slavic
      • South Slavic
        • Western
          • Serbo-Croatian
            • Bosnian
Writing system
Latin (Gaj's alphabet)
Cyrillic (Vuk's alphabet)[Note 1]
Yugoslav Braille
Arabic (Arebica)
Bosnian Cyrillic (Bosančica)
Official status
Official language in
Bosnian language Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnian language Montenegro (co-official)[3]
Recognised minority
language in
Bosnian language Serbia
Bosnian language Croatia
Bosnian language North Macedonia
Bosnian language Kosovo[a]
Language codes
ISO 639-1bs
ISO 639-2bos
ISO 639-3bos
Linguaspherepart of 53-AAA-g
Serbo croatian languages2006 02.png
Areas where Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin and Serbian were spoken by a plurality of speakers in 2006
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Bosnian (/ˈbɒzniən/ (Bosnian languagelisten); bosanski / босански, [bɔ̌sanskiː]) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian pluricentric language mainly used by ethnic Bosniaks.[4][5][6][7][8][9] Bosnian is one of three such varieties considered official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina,[10] along with Croatian and Serbian. It is also an officially recognized minority language in Croatia, Serbia,[11] Montenegro,[12] North Macedonia and Kosovo.[13][a]

Bosnian uses both the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets,[Note 1] with Latin in everyday use.[14] It is notable among the varieties of Serbo-Croatian for a number of Arabic, Persian and Turkish loanwords, largely due to the language's interaction with those cultures through Islamic ties.[15][16][17]

Bosnian is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian, more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian, which is also the basis of standard Croatian, Serbian and Montenegrin varieties. Therefore, the Declaration on the Common Language of Croats, Serbs, Bosniaks and Montenegrins was issued in 2017 in Sarajevo.[18][19] Until the 1990s, the common language was called Serbo-Croatian[20] and that term is still used in English, along with "Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian" (BCMS), especially in diplomatic circles.

  1. ^ "Accredited Language Services: An Outline of Bosnian Language History". Accredited Language Services. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  2. ^ Alexander 2006, pp. 1–2.
  3. ^ "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use.
  4. ^ Dalby, David (1999). Linguasphere. 53-AAA-g. Srpski+Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian. Linguasphere Observatory. p. 445.
  5. ^ Benjamin W. Fortson IV (2010). Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Blackwell. p. 431. Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting one language called Serbo-Croatian.
  6. ^ Blažek, Václav. On the Internal Classification of Indo-European Languages: Survey (PDF). pp. 15–16. Retrieved 2021-10-26.
  7. ^ Šipka, Danko (2019). Lexical layers of identity: words, meaning, and culture in the Slavic languages. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 206. doi:10.1017/9781108685795. ISBN 978-953-313-086-6. LCCN 2018048005. OCLC 1061308790. S2CID 150383965. Serbo-Croatian, which features four ethnic variants: Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin
  8. ^ Mader Skender, Mia (2022). "Schlussbemerkung" [Summary]. Die kroatische Standardsprache auf dem Weg zur Ausbausprache [The Croatian standard language on the way to ausbau language] (PDF) (Dissertation). UZH Dissertations (in German). Zurich: University of Zurich, Faculty of Arts, Institute of Slavonic Studies. pp. 196–197. doi:10.5167/uzh-215815. Retrieved 8 June 2022. Serben, Kroaten, Bosnier und Montenegriner immer noch auf ihren jeweiligen Nationalsprachen unterhalten und problemlos verständigen. Nur schon diese Tatsache zeigt, dass es sich immer noch um eine polyzentrische Sprache mit verschiedenen Varietäten handelt.
  9. ^ Ćalić, Jelena (2021). "Pluricentricity in the classroom: the Serbo-Croatian language issue for foreign language teaching at higher education institutions worldwide". Sociolinguistica: European Journal of Sociolinguistics. De Gruyter. 35 (1): 113–140. doi:10.1515/soci-2021-0007. ISSN 0933-1883. S2CID 244134335. Retrieved 9 June 2022. The debate about the status of the Serbo-Croatian language and its varieties has recently shifted (again) towards a position which looks at the internal variation within Serbo-Croatian through the prism of linguistic pluricentricity
  10. ^ See Art. 6 of the Constitution of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, available at the official website of Office of the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  11. ^ "European charter for regional or minority languages: Application of the charter in Serbia" (PDF). Council of Europe. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-03.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference MontenegroConstitution was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ Driton Muharremi and Samedin Mehmeti (2013). Handbook on Policing in Central and Eastern Europe. Springer. p. 129. ISBN 9781461467205.
  14. ^ Tomasz Kamusella (15 January 2009). The Politics of Language and Nationalism in Modern Central Europe. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-55070-4. In addition, today, neither Bosniaks nor Croats, but only Serbs use Cyrillic in Bosnia.
  15. ^ Algar, Hamid (2 July 1994). Persian Literature in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Journal of Islamic Studies. Oxford. pp. 254–68.
  16. ^ Balić, Smail (1978). Die Kultur der Bosniaken, Supplement I: Inventar des bosnischen literarischen Erbes in orientalischen Sprachen. Vienna: Adolf Holzhausens, Vienna. p. 111.
  17. ^ Balić, Smail (1992). Das unbekannte Bosnien: Europas Brücke zur islamischen Welt. Cologne, Weimar and Vienna: Bohlau. p. 526.
  18. ^ Nosovitz, Dan (11 February 2019). "What Language Do People Speak in the Balkans, Anyway?". Atlas Obscura. Archived from the original on 11 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  19. ^ Zanelli, Aldo (2018). Eine Analyse der Metaphern in der kroatischen Linguistikfachzeitschrift Jezik von 1991 bis 1997 [Analysis of Metaphors in Croatian Linguistic Journal Language from 1991 to 1997]. Studien zur Slavistik ; 41 (in German). Hamburg: Kovač. pp. 21, 83. ISBN 978-3-8300-9773-0. OCLC 1023608613. (NSK). (FFZG)
  20. ^ Radio Free Europe – Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Or Montenegrin? Or Just 'Our Language'? Živko Bjelanović: Similar, But Different, Feb 21, 2009, accessed Oct 8, 2010

Cite error: There are <ref group=Note> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=Note}} template (see the help page).

and 27 Related for: Bosnian language information

Request time (Page generated in 1.0125 seconds.)

Bosnian language

Last Update:

controversy arises because the name "Bosnian" may seem to imply that it is the language of all Bosnians, while Bosnian Croats and Serbs reject that designation...

Word Count : 3908

Demographics of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Herzegovina, Bosniaks constitute 50.11% of the population, Bosnian Serbs 30.78%, Bosnian Croats 15.43%, and others form 2.73%, with the remaining respondents...

Word Count : 1733

Bosnian War

Last Update:

The Bosnian War (Serbo-Croatian: Rat u Bosni i Hercegovini / Рат у Босни и Херцеговини) was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and...

Word Count : 25881


Last Update:

Bosnians (Bosnian language: Bosanci / Босанци; sg. masc. Bosanac / Босанац, fem. Bosanka / Босанка) are people identified with the country of Bosnia and...

Word Count : 3044

Bosnian pyramid claims

Last Update:

natural hills in the area of Visoko in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 2005, Semir Osmanagić, a Bosnian-American businessman based in Houston, Texas...

Word Count : 3637

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

year 1377, Bosnia was elevated into a kingdom with the coronation of Tvrtko as the first Bosnian King in Mile near Visoko in the Bosnian heartland. Following...

Word Count : 19857

Bosnian mujahideen

Last Update:

volunteers who fought on the Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) side during the 1992–95 Bosnian War. They first arrived in central Bosnia in the second half of 1992 with...

Word Count : 4008

Languages of North Macedonia

Last Update:

languages: Turkish, Romani, Serbian, Bosnian, and Aromanian. The Macedonian Sign Language is the country's official sign language. According to the 2002 census...

Word Count : 1959

Bosnian genocide

Last Update:

The Bosnian genocide (Bosnian: bosanski genocid) refers to either the Srebrenica massacre or the wider crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing campaign...

Word Count : 8776


Last Update:

historic ties to the Bosnian historical region, adherence to Islam since the 15th and 16th centuries, culture, and the Bosnian language. English speakers...

Word Count : 16320

NTV Jata

Last Update:

is a Bosnian local commercial television channel based in Srebrenik, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The program is mainly produced in Bosnian language. Official...

Word Count : 28

Bosnian Cyrillic

Last Update:

latter of which can be translated as Bosnian script. Serb scholars call it Serbian script, Serbian–Bosnian script, Bosnian–Serb Cyrillic, as part of variant...

Word Count : 2672

Bosnia vilayet

Last Update:

and Priyedor) Bosnian language was used as the second official language of this vilayet. List of Ottoman governors of Bosnia Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina...

Word Count : 414


Last Update:

Look up Bosnian or Bosniak in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Bosnian may refer to: Anything related to the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina or its inhabitants...

Word Count : 172

Bosnian Wikipedia

Last Update:

The Bosnian Wikipedia (Bosnian: Wikipedia na bosanskom jeziku) is the Bosnian language version of Wikipedia, hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. As of...

Word Count : 517

Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

The Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvati Bosne i Hercegovine), often referred to as Bosnian Croats (Croatian: bosanski Hrvati) or Herzegovinian...

Word Count : 8126

Ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

in the standard varieties which are considered official languages at sub-state levels: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. A Y chromosome haplogroups study...

Word Count : 2475

Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark

Last Update:

and pfenig. The Official Gazette of BiH (Bosnian: Službeni glasnik BiH), Official newspaper of FBiH (Bosnian: Službene novine FBiH) and other official...

Word Count : 2092

Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

The chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian/Croatian: Predsjedavajući Vijeća ministara Bosne i Hercegovine, Serbian: Предсједавајући...

Word Count : 346

South Slavic languages

Last Update:

hrv) Bosnian (ISO 639-1 code: bs; ISO 639-2/3 code: bos; SIL code: bos) Montenegrin (ISO 639-2/3 code: cnr; SIL code: cnr) The Slavic languages are part...

Word Count : 4106

Kingdom of Bosnia

Last Update:

Bosnia as a country under their sovereignty during medieval time, however, Bosnian sovereignty and independence is nevertheless undeniable. Bosnian rulers...

Word Count : 7875

Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was a Bosniak, president of the Parliament was a Bosnian Serb and the prime minister a Bosnian Croat. After Slovenia...

Word Count : 1832

Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team

Last Update:

allusion to the famous Bosnian general Husein Gradaščević, who fought for Bosnian independence, and who was known as the "Dragon of Bosnia". In both local and...

Word Count : 3319

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In accordance with the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Article 5.5a), Bosnian Law of defense and Bosnian Law of...

Word Count : 2359


Last Update:

pronounced [sǎrajeʋo] (listen); see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in...

Word Count : 12440

History of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

next steps. Bosnian political parties have different attitudes towards NATO: while Bosniak and Bosnian Croat parties support it, Bosnian Serb parties...

Word Count : 5962

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

traditionally associated with Bosnian culture and history. The blue background is evocative of the flag of the European Union. The Bosnian national flag is also...

Word Count : 2004

PDF Search Engine ©