Global Information Lookup Global Information

Bosnian language information

bosanski / босански
Native toBosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia), Sandžak (Serbia and Montenegro) and Kosovo
Native speakers
2.6 million (2020)[1]
Language family
  • Balto-Slavic
    • Slavic
      • South Slavic
        • Western
          • Serbo-Croatian
            • Shtokavian
              • New Shtokavian
                • Eastern Herzegovinian
                  • Bosnian
Writing system
Latin (Gaj's alphabet)
Cyrillic (Vuk's alphabet)[Note 1]
Yugoslav Braille
Arabic (Arebica)
Bosnian Cyrillic (Bosančica)
Official status
Official language in
Bosnian language Bosnia and Herzegovina (co-official)
Bosnian language Montenegro (co-official)[3]
Recognised minority
language in
Bosnian language Serbia
Bosnian language Croatia
Bosnian language North Macedonia
Bosnian language Kosovo
Language codes
ISO 639-1bs
ISO 639-2bos
ISO 639-3bos
Linguaspherepart of 53-AAA-g
Countries where Bosnian is a co-official language (dark green) or a recognised minority language (light green)
Bosnian is not endangered according to the classification system of the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger[4]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Bosnian (/ˈbɒzniən/ ; bosanski / босански, [bɔ̌sanskiː]), sometimes referred to as Bosniak language, is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian pluricentric language mainly used by ethnic Bosniaks.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] Bosnian is one of three such varieties considered official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina,[12] along with Croatian and Serbian. It is also an officially recognized minority language in Croatia, Serbia,[13] Montenegro,[14] North Macedonia and Kosovo.[15]

Bosnian uses both the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets,[Note 1] with Latin in everyday use.[16] It is notable among the varieties of Serbo-Croatian for a number of Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Turkish loanwords, largely due to the language's interaction with those cultures through Islamic ties.[17][18][19]

Bosnian is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian, more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian, which is also the basis of standard Croatian, Serbian and Montenegrin varieties. Therefore, the Declaration on the Common Language of Croats, Serbs, Bosniaks and Montenegrins was issued in 2017 in Sarajevo.[20][21] Until the 1990s, the common language was called Serbo-Croatian[22] and that term is still used in English, along with "Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian" (BCMS), especially in diplomatic circles.

  1. ^ Bosnian at Ethnologue (26th ed., 2023) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Alexander 2006, pp. 1–2.
  3. ^ "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use.
  4. ^ "World Atlas of Languages: Bosnian". Retrieved 2023-11-30.
  5. ^ Dalby, David (1999). Linguasphere. 53-AAA-g. Srpski+Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian. Linguasphere Observatory. p. 445.
  6. ^ Benjamin W. Fortson IV (2010). Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Blackwell. p. 431. Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting one language called Serbo-Croatian.
  7. ^ Blažek, Václav. On the Internal Classification of Indo-European Languages: Survey (PDF). pp. 15–16. Retrieved 2021-10-26.
  8. ^ Šipka, Danko (2019). Lexical layers of identity: words, meaning, and culture in the Slavic languages. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 206. doi:10.1017/9781108685795. ISBN 978-953-313-086-6. LCCN 2018048005. OCLC 1061308790. S2CID 150383965. Serbo-Croatian, which features four ethnic variants: Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin
  9. ^ Mader Skender, Mia (2022). "Schlussbemerkung" [Summary]. Die kroatische Standardsprache auf dem Weg zur Ausbausprache [The Croatian standard language on the way to ausbau language] (PDF) (Dissertation). UZH Dissertations (in German). Zurich: University of Zurich, Faculty of Arts, Institute of Slavonic Studies. pp. 196–197. doi:10.5167/uzh-215815. Retrieved 8 June 2022. Serben, Kroaten, Bosnier und Montenegriner immer noch auf ihren jeweiligen Nationalsprachen unterhalten und problemlos verständigen. Nur schon diese Tatsache zeigt, dass es sich immer noch um eine polyzentrische Sprache mit verschiedenen Varietäten handelt.
  10. ^ Ćalić, Jelena (2021). "Pluricentricity in the classroom: the Serbo-Croatian language issue for foreign language teaching at higher education institutions worldwide". Sociolinguistica: European Journal of Sociolinguistics. 35 (1). De Gruyter: 113–140. doi:10.1515/soci-2021-0007. ISSN 0933-1883. S2CID 244134335. The debate about the status of the Serbo-Croatian language and its varieties has recently shifted (again) towards a position which looks at the internal variation within Serbo-Croatian through the prism of linguistic pluricentricity
  11. ^ Kordić, Snježana (2024). "Ideology Against Language: The Current Situation in South Slavic Countries" (PDF). In Nomachi, Motoki; Kamusella, Tomasz (eds.). Languages and Nationalism Instead of Empires. Routledge Histories of Central and Eastern Europe. London: Routledge. pp. 168–169. doi:10.4324/9781003034025-11. ISBN 978-0-367-47191-0. OCLC 1390118985. S2CID 259576119. SSRN 4680766. COBISS.SR 125229577. COBISS 171014403. Archived from the original on 2024-01-10. Retrieved 2024-01-23.
  12. ^ See Art. 6 of the Constitution of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, available at the official website of Office of the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  13. ^ "European charter for regional or minority languages: Application of the charter in Serbia" (PDF). Council of Europe. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-03.
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference MontenegroConstitution was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ Driton Muharremi and Samedin Mehmeti (2013). Handbook on Policing in Central and Eastern Europe. Springer. p. 129. ISBN 9781461467205.
  16. ^ Tomasz Kamusella (15 January 2009). The Politics of Language and Nationalism in Modern Central Europe. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-55070-4. In addition, today, neither Bosniaks nor Croats, but only Serbs use Cyrillic in Bosnia.
  17. ^ Algar, Hamid (2 July 1994). Persian Literature in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Oxford. pp. 254–68. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  18. ^ Balić, Smail (1978). Die Kultur der Bosniaken, Supplement I: Inventar des bosnischen literarischen Erbes in orientalischen Sprachen. Vienna: Adolf Holzhausens, Vienna. p. 111.
  19. ^ Balić, Smail (1992). Das unbekannte Bosnien: Europas Brücke zur islamischen Welt. Cologne, Weimar and Vienna: Bohlau. p. 526.
  20. ^ Nosovitz, Dan (11 February 2019). "What Language Do People Speak in the Balkans, Anyway?". Atlas Obscura. Archived from the original on 11 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  21. ^ Zanelli, Aldo (2018). Eine Analyse der Metaphern in der kroatischen Linguistikfachzeitschrift Jezik von 1991 bis 1997 [Analysis of Metaphors in Croatian Linguistic Journal Language from 1991 to 1997]. Studien zur Slavistik; 41 (in German). Hamburg: Kovač. pp. 21, 83. ISBN 978-3-8300-9773-0. OCLC 1023608613. (NSK). (FFZG)
  22. ^ Radio Free Europe – Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Or Montenegrin? Or Just 'Our Language'? Živko Bjelanović: Similar, But Different, Feb 21, 2009, accessed Oct 8, 2010

Cite error: There are <ref group=Note> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=Note}} template (see the help page).

and 27 Related for: Bosnian language information

Request time (Page generated in 0.8751 seconds.)

Bosnian language

Last Update:

Serbo-Croatian pluricentric language mainly used by ethnic Bosniaks. Bosnian is one of three such varieties considered official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina...

Word Count : 4013

Demographics of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosniaks constitute 50.11% of the population, Bosnian Serbs 30.78%, Bosnian Croats 15.43%, and others...

Word Count : 1855

Bosnian pyramid claims

Last Update:

natural hills in the area of Visoko in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 2005, Semir Osmanagić, a Bosnian-American businessman based in Houston, Texas...

Word Count : 3649

Bosnian mujahideen

Last Update:

Muslim volunteers who fought on the Bosnian Muslim side during the 1992–95 Bosnian War. They first arrived in central Bosnia in the latter half of 1992 with...

Word Count : 4026

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

year 1377, Bosnia was elevated into a kingdom with the coronation of Tvrtko as the first Bosnian King in Mile near Visoko in the Bosnian heartland. Following...

Word Count : 20284


Last Update:

native ethnic groups of Bosnia and Herzegovina include Bosniaks, Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Serbs. In modern English, term Bosnians is the most commonly...

Word Count : 3106

Bosnian Cyrillic

Last Update:

of which might be translated as Bosnian script. Serb scholars call it Serbian script, Serbian–Bosnian script, Bosnian–Serb Cyrillic, as part of variant...

Word Count : 2609

Languages of North Macedonia

Last Update:

languages: Turkish, Romani, Serbian, Bosnian, and Aromanian. The Macedonian Sign Language is the country's official sign language. According to the 2002 census...

Word Count : 1956


Last Update:

historic ties to the Bosnian historical region, adherence to Islam since the 15th and 16th centuries, culture, and the Bosnian language. English speakers...

Word Count : 16325

Bosnian genocide

Last Update:

The Bosnian genocide (Bosnian: Bosanski genocid / Босански геноцид) refers to either the Srebrenica massacre or the wider crimes against humanity and...

Word Count : 8819

Bosnian War

Last Update:

The Bosnian War (Serbo-Croatian: Rat u Bosni i Hercegovini / Рат у Босни и Херцеговини) was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and...

Word Count : 26482


Last Update:

Look up Bosnian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Bosnian may refer to: Anything related to the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina or its inhabitants Anything...

Word Count : 161

Bosnia Vilayet

Last Update:

and Pridor) Bosnian language was used as the second official language of this vilayet. List of Ottoman governors of Bosnia Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina...

Word Count : 425

Literature of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

and Herzegovina (Bosnian and Herzegovinian literature, or Bosnian literature), consisting literary traditions of the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina....

Word Count : 10583

Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark

Last Update:

and pfenig. The Official Gazette of BiH (Bosnian: Službeni glasnik BiH), Official newspaper of FBiH (Bosnian: Službene novine FBiH) and other official...

Word Count : 2160

Bosnian Wikipedia

Last Update:

The Bosnian Wikipedia (Bosnian: Wikipedia na bosanskom jeziku) is the Bosnian language version of Wikipedia, hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. As of...

Word Count : 493

Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

The Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvati Bosne i Hercegovine), often referred to as Bosnian Croats (Croatian: bosanski Hrvati) or Herzegovinian...

Word Count : 8247

Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbian Cyrillic: Срби Босне и Херцеговине, romanized: Srbi Bosne i Hercegovine), often referred to as Bosnian Serbs (Serbian...

Word Count : 11262

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

traditionally associated with Bosnian culture and history. The blue background is evocative of the flag of Europe. The Bosnian national flag is often used...

Word Count : 2228

Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina seceded from the disintegrating Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992. The Bosnian War...

Word Count : 1968

Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team

Last Update:

allusion to the famous Bosnian general Husein Gradaščević, who fought for Bosnian autonomy, and who was known as the "Dragon of Bosnia". In both local and...

Word Count : 3589

South Slavic languages

Last Update:

hrv) Bosnian (ISO 639-1 code: bs; ISO 639-2/3 code: bos; SIL code: bos) Montenegrin (ISO 639-2/3 code: cnr; SIL code: cnr) The Slavic languages are part...

Word Count : 4107

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In accordance with the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Article 5.5a), Bosnian Law of defense and Bosnian Law of...

Word Count : 2411

History of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

next steps. Bosnian political parties have different attitudes towards NATO: while Bosniak and Bosnian Croat parties support it, Bosnian Serb parties...

Word Count : 5935

Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Last Update:

Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was a Bosniak, president of the Parliament was a Bosnian Serb and the prime minister a Bosnian Croat. After Slovenia...

Word Count : 1828

Bosnian Church

Last Update:

The Bosnian Church (Serbo-Croatian: Crkva bosanska/Црква босанска) was a schismatic Christian church in medieval Bosnia and Herzegovina that was independent...

Word Count : 2380

Kingdom of Bosnia

Last Update:

Bosnia as a country under their sovereignty during medieval time, however, Bosnian sovereignty and independence is nevertheless undeniable. Bosnian rulers...

Word Count : 8283

PDF Search Engine ©