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Bornholm information


Bornholm
Wybrzeże Bornholmu.JPG
Denmark location bornholm.svg
Geography
LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates55°8′N 14°55′E / 55.133°N 14.917°E / 55.133; 14.917Coordinates: 55°8′N 14°55′E / 55.133°N 14.917°E / 55.133; 14.917
Area588.36 km2 (227.17 sq mi)
Highest elevation162 m (531 ft)
Highest pointRytterknægten
Administration
Denmark
RegionCapital Region
MunicipalityBornholm
Largest settlementRønne (pop. 13,772 (2020))
Demographics
Population39,535 (April 2022)
Pop. density67.19/km2 (174.02/sq mi)

Bornholm (Danish pronunciation: [pɒːnˈhʌlˀm]) is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of Poland.

Strategically located, Bornholm has been fought over for centuries. It has usually been ruled by Denmark, but also by Sweden and by Lübeck. The ruin of Hammershus, at the northwestern tip of the island, is the largest medieval fortress in northern Europe, testament to the importance of its location. Bornholm and Ertholmene comprise the last remaining Danish territory in Skåneland east of Øresund, having been surrendered to Sweden in 1658, but regained by Denmark in 1660 after a local revolt.

The island is known as solskinsøen ("sunshine island") because of its weather and klippeøen ("rock island") because of its geology, which consists of granite, except along the southern coast. The heat from the summer is stored in the rock formations and the weather is quite warm until October. As a result of the climate, a local variety of the common fig, known as Bornholm's Diamond, can grow locally on the island. The island's topography consists of dramatic rock formations in the north (unlike the rest of Denmark, which is mostly gentle rolling hills) sloping down towards pine and deciduous forests (greatly affected by storms in the 1950s), farmland in the middle and sandy beaches in the south.[1]

Among Bornholm's chief industrial activities are dairy farming and arts and crafts industries such as glass production and pottery using locally worked clay. Tourism is also important during the summer months. The island is home to many of Denmark's round churches. Occupying an area of 588.36 square kilometres (227.17 sq mi),[2] the island had a total population of 39,535 as of April 2022.

  1. ^ Blecher, Lone Thygesen; George Blecher (August 2004). Swedish Folktales & Legends. University of Minnesota Press. pp. xvi. ISBN 978-0-8166-4575-6.
  2. ^ "Economy and Interior Ministry: Municipal Key Figures". Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2020.

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Bornholm

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Bornholm (Danish pronunciation: [pɒːnˈhʌlˀm]) is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany...

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with VUC Bornholm and Bornholm High School (one of Bornholm's two high schools) June 2010 to form a collaboration called Campus Bornholm. Bornholms Erhvervsskole...

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DBU Bornholm

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DBU Bornholm (Bornholm Football Association Danish: Bornholms Boldspil-Union until 1 February 2011) is a district branch of the Danish Football Association...

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Bornholm Airport

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Bornholm Airport (Danish: Bornholms Lufthavn) (IATA: RNN, ICAO: EKRN) is a Danish airport located 2.7 nautical miles (5 km) southeast of Rønne, on the...

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Bornholm disease

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Bornholm disease, also known as epidemic pleurodynia, is a condition characterized by myositis of the abdomen or chest caused by the Coxsackie B virus...

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Flag of Bornholm

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The flag of Bornholm is the unofficial flag of the Danish island Bornholm. It was designed in the mid-1970s after a design by local painter Bent Kaas...

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Battle of Bornholm

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of Bornholm may refer to the following battles: Battle of Bornholm (1227) Battle of Bornholm (1456) Battle of Bornholm (1535) Battle of Bornholm (1563)...

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Bornholm County

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Bornholms Amt (English: Bornholm County) is a former county (Danish, amt) on the island of Bornholm in easternmost Denmark. The county was established...

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Denmark

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Johannes Larsen, Fritz Syberg and Peter Hansen, and on the island of Bornholm with the Bornholm school of painters including Niels Lergaard, Kræsten Iversen and...

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Bornholms Hospital

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Bornholms Hospital (English: Hospital of Bornholm) is a hospital in the city of Rønne on the Danish island of Bornholm. Administratively, it falls under...

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Electric power infrastructure on Bornholm

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Bornholm is connected to the Swedish grid through the Bornholm Cable. The distribution network is owned by Bornholms Energi & Forsyning, formerly Østkraft...

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Capital Region of Denmark

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46 municipalities. Because of its remote location, Bornholm has its own traffic company, Bornholms Amts Trafikselskab, also known as BAT. Likewise, in...

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Grandfather clock

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was usually protected by a wooden sheath. Bornholm clocks are Danish longcase clocks and were made on Bornholm from 1745 to 1900. In Sweden a special variety...

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Wings of Bornholm

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Wings of Bornholm was a Danish airline operating from the island of Bornholm, Denmark. The airline was owned by Swedish Wings of Europe Sverigeflyg and...

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Bornholm dialect

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Bornholmsk is an East Danish dialect spoken on the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea. It was originally part of the East Danish dialect continuum, which...

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Unincorporated area

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kilometers northeast of Bornholm. Population of less than 100. Statistics Denmark groups it with Bornholm in Landsdel Bornholm. Since Germany has no administrative...

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Landing at Bornholm

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Bornholm was heavily bombarded by the Soviet Air Force in May 1945, as it was a part of the Eastern Front. The German garrison commander, German Navy Captain...

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2022 Nord Stream pipeline sabotage

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Danish island of Bornholm. Seventeen hours later, the same occurred to Nord Stream 1, resulting in three separate leaks northeast of Bornholm. All three affected...

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Baltic Sea

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Sea or Baltic proper. The Bornholm Basin is the area east of Bornholm, and the shallower Arkona Basin extends from Bornholm to the Danish isles of Falster...

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Bornholm Cable

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The Bornholm Cable is a submarine power cable under the Baltic Sea, connecting the power grid of the Danish island of Bornholm to the Swedish power grid...

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Bornholm Express

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The Bornholm Express is a fast passenger ferry which was built in 2006 by Damen, Gorinchem, Netherlands. It is currently in active service. Bornholm Express...

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Danish Football Association

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municipalities DBU Lolland-Falster: Non-Zealand part of Storstrøm County DBU Bornholm: Bornholm municipality The Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are autonomous...

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Treaty of Roskilde

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of its territory to save the rest, the ceded lands comprising Blekinge, Bornholm, Bohuslän (Båhuslen), Scania (Skåne) and Trøndelag, as well as her claims...

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Sweden

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the southern tip of Sweden have ferry links with the Danish island of Bornholm and the German ports of Sassnitz, Rostock and Travemünde, respectively...

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Bornholm amulet

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The Bornholm amulet is a silver coin with Latin text written with runic inscription. The amulet is 2.5 cm in diameter. The finding place is unknown but...

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