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Bornholm information

LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates55°8′N 14°55′E / 55.133°N 14.917°E / 55.133; 14.917
Area588.36 km2 (227.17 sq mi)
Highest elevation162 m (531 ft)
Highest pointRytterknægten
RegionCapital Region
Largest settlementRønne (pop. 13,772 (2020))
Population39,602 (January 2023)
Pop. density67.19/km2 (174.02/sq mi)

Bornholm (Danish pronunciation: [pɒːnˈhʌlˀm]) is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of Poland.

Strategically located, Bornholm has been fought over for centuries. It has usually been ruled by Denmark, but also by Sweden and by Lübeck. The ruin of Hammershus, at the northwestern tip of the island, is the largest medieval fortress in northern Europe, testament to the importance of its location. Bornholm and Ertholmene comprise the last remaining Danish territory in Skåneland east of Øresund, having been surrendered to Sweden in 1658, but regained by Denmark in 1660 after a local revolt.

The island is known as solskinsøen ("sunshine island") because of its weather and klippeøen ("rock island") because of its geology, which consists of granite, except along the southern coast. The heat from the summer is stored in the rock formations and the weather is quite warm until October. As a result of the climate, a local variety of the common fig, known as Bornholm's Diamond (Bornholms Diamant), can grow locally on the island. The island's topography consists of dramatic rock formations in the north (unlike the rest of Denmark, which is mostly gentle rolling hills) sloping down towards pine and deciduous forests (greatly affected by storms in the 1950s), farmland in the middle and sandy beaches in the south.[1]

The island is home to many of Denmark's round churches. Occupying an area of 584.59 square kilometres (225.71 sq mi),[2] the island had a total population of 39,602 as of January 2023.

  1. ^ Blecher, Lone Thygesen; George Blecher (August 2004). Swedish Folktales & Legends. University of Minnesota Press. pp. xvi. ISBN 978-0-8166-4575-6.
  2. ^ "Economy and Interior Ministry: Municipal Key Figures". Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2020.

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Bornholm (Danish pronunciation: [pɒːnˈhʌlˀm]) is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany...

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with VUC Bornholm and Bornholm High School (one of Bornholm's two high schools) June 2010 to form a collaboration called Campus Bornholm. Bornholms Erhvervsskole...

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DBU Bornholm (Bornholm Football Association Danish: Bornholms Boldspil-Union until 1 February 2011) is a district branch of the Danish Football Association...

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Bornholms Hospital (English: Hospital of Bornholm) is a hospital in the city of Rønne on the Danish island of Bornholm. Administratively, it falls under...

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The flag of Bornholm is the unofficial flag of the Danish island Bornholm. It was designed in the mid-1970s after a design by local painter Bent Kaas...

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Bornholms Amt ('Bornholm County') is a former county (Danish: amt) on the island of Bornholm in easternmost Denmark. The county was established in 1662...

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of Bornholm may refer to the following battles: Battle of Bornholm (1227) Battle of Bornholm (1456) Battle of Bornholm (1535) Battle of Bornholm (1563)...

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The 2025 Bornholm Municipal election will be held on November 18, 2025, to elect the 23 members to sit in the regional council for the Bornholm Municipal...

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southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, lying south-west and south (Bornholm and Ertholmene) of Sweden, south of Norway, and north of Germany, with...

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46 municipalities. Because of its remote location, Bornholm has its own traffic company, Bornholms Amts Trafikselskab, also known as BAT. Likewise, in...

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Grandfather clock

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protected the metal mechanisms during transport. Bornholm clocks are Danish longcase clocks and were made on Bornholm from 1745 to 1900. In Sweden a special variety...

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Sea or Baltic proper. The Bornholm Basin is the area east of Bornholm, and the shallower Arkona Basin extends from Bornholm to the Danish isles of Falster...

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Unincorporated area

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kilometers northeast of Bornholm. Population of less than 100. Statistics Denmark groups it with Bornholm in Landsdel Bornholm. Since Germany has no administrative...

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The Danish island of Bornholm was heavily bombarded by the Soviet Air Force in May 1945, as it was a part of the Eastern Front in World War II. The German...

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Electric power infrastructure on Bornholm

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Bornholm is connected to the Swedish grid through the Bornholm Cable. The distribution network is owned by Bornholms Energi & Forsyning, formerly Østkraft...

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Treaty of Roskilde

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of its territory to save the rest, the ceded lands comprising Blekinge, Bornholm, Bohuslän (Båhuslen), Scania (Skåne) and Trøndelag, as well as her claims...

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Wings of Bornholm

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Wings of Bornholm was a Danish airline operating from the island of Bornholm, Denmark. The airline was owned by Swedish Wings of Europe Sverigeflyg and...

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Bornholm Tunnel

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The Bornholm Tunnel (Danish: Bornholmtunnelen, Swedish: Bornholmstunneln) is a proposed railway tunnel which would be built between the island of Bornholm...

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Bornholm dialect

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Bornholmsk is an East Danish dialect spoken on the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea. It was originally part of the East Danish dialect continuum, which...

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Bornholm Express

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The Bornholm Express is a fast passenger ferry which was built in 2006 by Damen, Gorinchem, Netherlands. It is currently in active service. Bornholm Express...

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Opinion polling for the next Danish general election

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In the run-up to the next Danish general election, various organisations will carry out opinion polling to gauge voting intentions in Denmark. Results...

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Bornholm school of painters

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The Bornholm school of painters (Bornholmerskolen) started to take shape towards the beginning of the 20th century on the Danish island of Bornholm when...

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Bornholms stemme

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Bornholms stemme (English: Bornholms voice) is a 1999 Danish comedy film directed by Lotte Svendsen [da; fa], starring Sofie Stougaard and Henrik Lykkegaard [da;...

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