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Bassac River information


Bassac River
Hậu River
Tonlé Bassac
The wide Hậu River near Cần Thơ in the heart of the Mekong Delta
Native name
  • ទន្លេបាសាក់ (Khmer)
  • Sông Hậu (Vietnamese)
  • 瀧後 (Vietnamese)
Location
CountryCambodia, Vietnam
CityPhnom Penh
Physical characteristics
SourceMekong River
 • locationPhnom Penh
Mouth 
 • location
South China Sea, Sóc Trăng Province
 • elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length190 km (120 mi)
Discharge 
 • locationPhnom Penh
Basin features
Tributaries 
 • rightBình Di River

The Bassac River (Khmer: ទន្លេបាសាក់; Tonlé Bassac) or Hậu River (Vietnamese: Sông Hậu 瀧後 or Hậu Giang 後江) is a distributary of the Tonlé Sap and Mekong River. The river starts in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and flows southerly, crossing the border into Vietnam near Châu Đốc. The name Bassac comes from the Khmer prefix pa ("father" or "male") added to sak (សក្តិ) ("power, honor"), [1] a Khmer word borrowed from the Sanskrit sakti (शक्ति).

The Bassac River is an important transportation corridor between Cambodia and Vietnam, with barges and other craft plying the waters. A city of the same name was once the west-bank capital of the Kingdom of Champasak.[2] Sak (សក្តិ) can also be seen in the Khmer spelling of Champasak: ចំប៉ាសក្តិ. USS Satyr (ARL-23), a recommissioned repair ship originally built for the United States Navy during World War II, served on the Bassac River during the Vietnam War.[3]

Three bridges span the Bassac: the Monivong and Takhmao bridges in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and the Cần Thơ Bridge in Cần Thơ in Vietnam.

Approximately 8.5 kilometers to Prey Basak lies a ruined ancient temple called Prasat Prey Basak Temple, which was destroyed during the Vietnam War due to heavy bombing from the United States military. Prasat Prey Basak Temple was built by the Funan Kingdom during the 2nd and 3rd centuries. The temple is dated between 1,900 and 2,000 years old. It is considered to be the oldest prasat in Cambodia.

  1. ^ Lewitz, Saveros (1967). "La Toponymie Khmère" (PDF). Bulletin de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient. 53 (2): 421–422, 425. doi:10.3406/befeo.1967.5052 – via Angkordatabase.asia.
  2. ^ Murdoch, John B. (1974). "The 1901-1902 Holy Man's Rebellion" (PDF). Journal of the Siam Society. Siam Heritage Trust. JSS Vol.62.1 (digital): images 4–5, map image 13. Retrieved April 2, 2013. Bassac was an important economic center, for it was the outlet for the trade from the east bank of the Mekong, including the Bolovens Plateau, Sara vane, Attopeu, and Kontum Plateau regions. From Bassac, trade in cardamon, rubber, wax, resin, skins, horns, and slaves, was conducted with Ubon, Khorat, and Bangkok.
  3. ^ "The ARL-23 in Vietnam Operations Map". The ARL-23 in Vietnam. usssatyr.com. September 24, 2013. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.

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