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Asmara information

Capital city
  • Clockwise from top:
  • Cityscape, Sunset view over Asmara, Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Fiat Tagliero Building sign, 23d ISCOE East Africa conference in Asmara 2019
Coat of arms of Asmara
Interactive map outlining Asmara
Asmara is located in Eritrea
Location within Eritrea
Asmara is located in Africa
Location within Africa
Asmara is located in Earth
Location on Earth
Coordinates: 15°19′22″N 38°55′30″E / 15.32278°N 38.92500°E / 15.32278; 38.92500
CountryAsmara Eritrea
Settled800 BC
 • Mayor of AsmeraFshaye Haile
 • Mayor of ZobaFshaye Haile
 • Capital city45 km2 (17 sq mi)
2,325 m (7,628 ft)
 • Capital city1,073,000
 • Rank1st in Eritrea
 • Density19,911/km2 (51,570/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,258,001[citation needed]
Time zoneUTC+03:00 (EAT)
HDI (2019)
  • Increase 0.630[2]
  • medium · 1st
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameAsmara: A Modernist African City
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Inscription2017 (41st Session)
Area481 ha
Buffer zone1,203 ha

Asmara (/æsˈmɑːrə/ əs-MAHR), or Asmera, is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region. It sits at an elevation of 2,325 metres (7,628 ft), making it the sixth highest capital in the world by altitude and the second highest capital in Africa. The city is located at the tip of an escarpment that is both the northwestern edge of the Eritrean Highlands and the Great Rift Valley in neighbouring Ethiopia. In 2017, the city was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its well-preserved modernist architecture.[3][4] According to local traditions, the city was founded after four separate villages unified to live together peacefully after long periods of conflict. Asmara had long been overshadowed by nearby Debarwa, the residence of the Bahr Negash or the governor of the coastal province, however it still existed as a major settlement for over half a millennium and enjoyed some importance as it stood on the trade route to Massawa. Asmara first rose to prominence during the 20th century, when it became capital of Italian Eritrea.[5][6] Under Italian rule the city of Asmara experienced rapid urbanization and modernization.

  1. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  3. ^ Mark Byrnes An African City's Unusual Preservation Legacy Archived 12 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine 8 February 2012 Atlantic Cities
  4. ^ "Eritrea capital Asmera makes World Heritage list". 8 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Arbate Asmara: The origin of the city". Archived from the original on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  6. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1982). History Of Ethiopian Towns. Steiner. p. 73. ISBN 9783515032049.

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Asmara (/æsˈmɑːrə/ əs-MAHR-ə), or Asmera, is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region. It sits at an elevation of...

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new colony of Eritrea (from the Latin name for the Red Sea), with capital Asmara in substitution of Massawa. In the Treaty of Wuchale (It. Uccialli) signed...

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during the Italian Eritrea colony and connects the port of Massawa with Asmara. Originally it also connected to Bishia. The line was partly damaged by...

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changed to Apostolic Vicariate of Asmara. However, after the fourth and last bishop who was Vicar Apostolic of Asmara retired on 2 June 1974, the Vicariate...

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