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Asmara information

Capital city
  • Clockwise from top:
  • Cityscape, Sunset view over Asmara, Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Fiat Tagliero Building sign, 23d ISCOE East Africa conference in Asmara 2019
Flag of Asmara
Coat of arms of Asmara
Interactive map outlining Asmara
Asmara is located in Eritrea
Location within Eritrea
Asmara is located in Africa
Location within Africa
Asmara is located in Earth
Location on Earth
Coordinates: 15°19′22″N 38°55′30″E / 15.32278°N 38.92500°E / 15.32278; 38.92500
CountryAsmara Eritrea
Settled800 BC
 • Mayor of AsmeraFshaye Haile
 • Mayor of ZobaFshaye Haile
 • Capital city45 km2 (17 sq mi)
2,325 m (7,628 ft)
 • Capital city963,000
 • Rank1st in Eritrea
 • Density19,911/km2 (51,570/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+03:00 (EAT)
HDI (2019)
  • Increase 0.630[2]
  • medium · 1st
ClimateAw, BSk
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameAsmera: A Modernist African City
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Inscription2017 (41st Session)
Area481 ha
Buffer zone1,203 ha

Asmara (/æsˈmɑːrə/ əs-MAHR), or Asmera, is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region. It sits at an elevation of 2,325 metres (7,628 ft), making it the sixth highest capital in the world by altitude and the second highest capital in Africa. The city is located at the tip of an escarpment that is both the northwestern edge of the Eritrean Highlands and the Great Rift Valley in neighbouring Ethiopia. In 2017, the city was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its well-preserved modernist architecture.[3][4] The site of Asmera was first settled in 800 BC with a population ranging from 100 to 1,000. The city was then founded in the 12th century AD after four separate villages unified to live together peacefully after long periods of conflict.[5] Under Italian rule the city of Asmara was made capital of Eritrea in the last years of the 19th century.

  1. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  3. ^ Mark Byrnes An African City's Unusual Preservation Legacy Archived 12 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine 8 February 2012 Atlantic Cities
  4. ^ "Eritrea capital Asmera makes World Heritage list". 8 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Arbate Asmara: The origin of the city". Archived from the original on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2019.

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Asmara (/æsˈmɑːrə/ əs-MAHR-ə), or Asmera, is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region. It sits at an elevation of...

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of Africa region of Eastern Africa, with its capital and largest city at Asmara. It is bordered by Ethiopia in the south, Sudan in the west, and Djibouti...

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University of Asmara

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The University of Asmara (UoA) was a public university in Asmara, Eritrea. The nation's first university, it was founded in 1958 by the "Piae Madres Nigritiae"...

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Asmara International Airport

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Asmara International Airport (IATA: ASM, ICAO: HHAS) is the international airport of Asmara, the capital of Eritrea. It is the country's largest airport...

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Italian Eritrea

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new colony of Eritrea (from the Latin name for the Red Sea), with capital Asmara in substitution of Massawa. In the Treaty of Wuchale (It. Uccialli) signed...

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Eritrean Railway

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during the Italian Eritrea colony and connects the port of Massawa with Asmara. Originally it also connected to Bishia. The line was partly damaged by...

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Asmara Calcio

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Asmara Calcio was the Italian Eritrea football team of Asmara (capital of Eritrea), created during colonial times. The Asmara Calcio (also called "Gruppo...

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History of Eritrea

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The Italians created the colony of Eritrea in the 19th century around Asmara and named it with its current name. After World War II, Eritrea annexed...

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History of Asmara

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Asmara, the capital of Eritrea, first rose to prominence in medieval and post-medieval times. Though it had long overshadowed by nearby Debarwa, the residence...

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Italian Eritreans

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Eritrea there were more than 76,000 Eritrean Italians, most of them living in Asmara (53,000 out of the city's total of 93,000). Many Italian settlers got out...

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Asmara Moerni

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Asmara Moerni ([asˈmara mʊrˈni]; Perfected Spelling: Asmara Murni; Indonesian for True Love) is a 1941 romance film from the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia)...

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North Eastern Asmara Administration

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North Eastern Asmara Administration is an administration of Asmara, Eritrea. Administrations of Asmara v t e...

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Asmara Synagogue

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The Asmara Synagogue (Tigrinya: ምኩራብ ኣስመራ, Hebrew: בית הכנסת של אסמרה, Arabic: معبد أسمرا) is the only surviving remnant of the Jewish community in Eritrea...

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South Western Asmara Administration

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South Western Asmara Administration is an administration in Asmara, Eritrea. Administrations of Asmara v t e...

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Asmara Brewery

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Asmara Brewery (formerly, Melotti Brewery) is a brewery in Eritrea, founded in 1938. The brewery was nationalized by the Derg during the Eritrean War of...

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South Eastern Asmara Administration

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South Eastern Asmara Administration is an administration in Asmara, Eritrea. Administrations of Asmara v t e...

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Administrations of Asmara

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The administrations of Asmara are the official administrative divisions of Asmara, the capital of Eritrea. Within the city, there are thirteen districts...

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Eritrean Catholic Church

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changed to Apostolic Vicariate of Asmara. However, after the fourth and last bishop who was Vicar Apostolic of Asmara retired on 2 June 1974, the Vicariate...

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A World Without

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and NataLucky Kuswandi and starring Amanda Rawles, Maizura Maizura and Asmara Abigail. Netflix's A World Without is a dystopian sci-fi drama. The film...

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Religion in Eritrea

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respective status. In April 1998 the former Archbishop Abune Phillipos of Asmara was elevated to the rank of Patriarch. He died in 2004 and was succeeded...

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Asmara Circuit

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The Asmara Circuit (formerly Circuit of Asmara) is a one-day cycling race held annually in Asmara, Eritrea since 2013. It is rated 1.2 and is part of...

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Asmara Songsang

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Asmara Songsang (Abnormal Desire or Deviant Love) is a 2013 play written by Adam Rahman. The play, which is anti-LGBT, received support from the Malaysian...

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Asmara Theatre

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Asmara Theatre (Italian: Teatro di Asmara), also known as Asmara Opera, is a theatre in Asmara, Eritrea. It was constructed in 1918 following a design...

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Asmara Jaya

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Asmara Djaja (Perfected Spelling: Asmara Jaya, both meaning Great Passion) is a 1928 novel written by Indonesian writer Djamaluddin Adinegoro and published...

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Kidane Mehret Cathedral

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church located on Adi Quala Street, Asmara, Eritrea. The cathedral belongs to Eritrean Catholic Archeparchy of Asmara. Kidane Mehret (ኪዳነ ምሕረት) is a Ge'ez...

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List of Art Deco architecture in Africa

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apartments, Asmara, 1937 Asmara Silicon Factory, Asmara Asmara Town Hall, Asmara Bar Zilli, Asmara, 1939 The Bristol Pension Hotel, Asmara, 1940s British...

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