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Armenians information


Armenians
Հայեր Hayer
Flag of Armenia.svg
Flag of Armenia
Total population
c. 8 million[1] to 11–16 million[2]
Map of the Armenian Diaspora in the World.svg
Regions with significant populations
Armenians Armenia     2,961,514[3][4]
Armenians Russia1,182,388[5]–2,900,000[6]
Armenians United States1,000,366[7]–1,500,000[8]
Armenians France250,000[9]–750,000[10]
Armenians Georgia
 • Armenians Abkhazia[a]
168,191[11]
41,864[12]
Armenians Azerbaijan
 • Armenians Artsakh[b]

146,573[13]
Armenians Lebanon150,000[14]
Armenians Iran120,000[15]
Armenians Germany90,000–110,000[16]
Armenians Syria[c]100,000[17]
Armenians Ukraine100,000[18]
Armenians Brazil100,000[19][20]
Armenians Greece80,000[21]
Armenians Argentina70,000[22]
Armenians Turkey60,000[23]
300,000–5,000,000 (Hidden Armenians)[24][25]
Armenians Canada68,855[26]
Armenians Uzbekistan50,000–70,000[27]
Armenians Poland50,000[28]
Armenians Belgium40,000[29]
Armenians Spain40,000[30]
Armenians Kazakhstan25,000[31]
Armenians Australia22,526[32]
Armenians United Arab Emirates8,000–10,000[33]
Armenians Netherlands5,689[n]–8,374[m] (2021)[34][35]
Languages
Armenian
Religion
Christianity
Armenian Apostolic Church · Catholic · Protestant

Armenian Native Faith
Related ethnic groups
Hemshin, Cherkesogai, Hayhurum, Armeno-Tats

^ n: by legal nationality
^ m: by nationality, naturalisation and descendant background

Armenians (Armenian: հայեր, hayer [hɑˈjɛɾ]) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian highlands of Western Asia.[36] Armenians constitute the main population of Armenia and the de facto independent Artsakh. There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around five million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia, the United States, France, Georgia, Iran, Germany, Ukraine, Lebanon, Brazil, and Syria. With the exceptions of Iran and the former Soviet states, the present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian genocide.[37]

Armenian is an Indo-European language.[38] It has two mutually intelligible spoken and written forms: Eastern Armenian, today spoken mainly in Armenia, Artsakh, Iran, and the former Soviet republics; and Western Armenian, used in the historical Western Armenia and, after the Armenian genocide, primarily in the Armenian diasporan communities. The unique Armenian alphabet was invented in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots.

Most Armenians adhere to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a non-Chalcedonian Christian church, which is also the world's oldest national church. Christianity began to spread in Armenia soon after Jesus' death, due to the efforts of two of his apostles, St. Thaddeus and St. Bartholomew.[39] In the early 4th century, the Kingdom of Armenia became the first state to adopt Christianity as a state religion.[40]

  1. ^ Different sources:
    • Dennis J.D. Sandole (24 January 2007). Peace and Security in the Postmodern World: The OSCE and Conflict Resolution. Routledge. p. 182. ISBN 9781134145713. The nearly 3 million Armenians in Armenia (and 3–4 million in the Armenian Diaspora worldwide) 'perceive' the nearly 8 million Azerbaijanis in Azerbaijan as 'Turks.'
    • McGoldrick, Monica; Giordano, Joe; Garcia-Preto, Nydia, eds. (18 August 2005). Ethnicity and Family Therapy, Third Edition (3 ed.). Guilford Press. p. 439. ISBN 9781606237946. The impact of such a horror on a group who presently number approximately 6 million, worldwide, is incalculable.
    • Sargsyan, Gevorg; Balabanyan, Ani; Hankinson, Denzel (2006). From Crisis to Stability in the Armenian Power Sector: Lessons Learned from Armenia's Energy Reform Experience (illustrated ed.). World Bank Publications. p. 18. ISBN 9780821365908. The country's estimated 3–6 million diaspora represent a major source of foreign direct investment in the country.
    • Arthur G. Sharp (15 September 2011). The Everything Guide to the Middle East: Understand the people, the politics, and the culture of this conflicted region. Adams Media. p. 137. ISBN 9781440529122. Since the newly independent Republic of Armenia was declared in 1991, nearly 4 million of the world's 6 million Armenians have been living on the eastern edge of their Middle Eastern homeland.
  2. ^ different sources:
    • Von Voss, Huberta (2007). Portraits of Hope: Armenians in the Contemporary World. New York: Berghahn Books. p. xxv. ISBN 9781845452575. ...there are some 8 million Armenians in the world...
    • Freedman, Jeri (2008). The Armenian genocide. New York: Rosen Publishing Group. p. 52. ISBN 9781404218253. In contrast to its population of 3.2 million, approximately 8 million Armenians live in other countries of the world, including large communities in the America and Russia.
    • Guntram H. Herb, David H. Kaplan (2008). Nations and Nationalism: A Global Historical Overview: A Global Historical Overview. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 1705. ISBN 9781851099085. A nation of some 8 million people, about 3 million of whom live in the newly independent post-Soviet state, Armenians are constantly battling not to lose their distinct culture, identity and the newly established statehood.
    • Robert A. Saunders; Vlad Strukov (2010). Historical dictionary of the Russian Federation. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780810854758.
    • Philander, S. George (2008). Encyclopedia of global warming and climate change. Los Angeles: SAGE. p. 77. ISBN 9781412958783. An estimated 60 percent of the total 8 million Armenians worldwide live outside the country...
    • Robert A. Saunders; Vlad Strukov (2010). Historical dictionary of the Russian Federation. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780810874602. Worldwide, there are more than 8 million Armenians; 3.2 million reside in the Republic of Armenia.
  3. ^ [1] Archived 21 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine հոկտեմբերի 12-21-ը Հայաստանի Հանրապետությունում անցկացված մարդահամարի արդյունքները (The results of the census conducted in October 2011 in the Republic of Armenia). pp. 6–7. (in Armenian)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture of Armenia "The ethnic minorities in Armenia. Brief information" Archived 10 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine. As per the most recent census in 2011. "National minority" Archived 16 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации" [National makeup of the population of the Russian Federation] (Excel) (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  6. ^ Robert A. Saunders; Vlad Strukov (2010). Historical dictionary of the Russian Federation. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8108-5475-8.
  7. ^ Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  8. ^
    • Milliken, Mary (12 October 2007). "Armenian-American clout buys genocide breakthrough". Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
    • "Barack Obama on the Importance of US-Armenia Relations". Armenian National Committee of America. 19 January 2008. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  9. ^ Thon, Caroline (2012). Armenians in Hamburg: an ethnographic exploration into the relationship between diaspora and success. Berlin: LIT Verlag Münster. p. 25. ISBN 978-3-643-90226-9.
  10. ^ Taylor, Tony (2008). Denial: history betrayed. Carlton, Victoria: Melbourne University Pub. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-522-85482-4.
  11. ^ "National Statistics Office of Georgia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  12. ^ В Абхазии объявили данные переписи населения. Delfi (in Russian). 29 December 2011. Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2013. (According to the 2011 census).
  13. ^ Republic of Artsakh. "Population estimates of NKR as of 01.01.2013". Archived from the original on 21 May 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  14. ^ Gibney, Matthew J. (2005). Immigration and asylum: from 1900 to the present. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-57607-796-2.
  15. ^ Vardanyan, Tamara (21 June 2007). Իրանահայ համայնք. ճամպրուկային տրամադրություններ [The Iranian-Armenian community] (in Armenian). Noravank Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 May 2020. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  16. ^ Sargsyan, Babken (8 December 2012). "Գերմանիաիի հայ համայնքը [Armenian community of Germany]" (in Armenian). Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  17. ^ "The Virtual Museum of Armenian Diaspora". Ministry of Diaspora of the Republic of Armenia. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  18. ^ The distribution of the population by nationality and mother tongue, Kiev: State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2001, retrieved 5 January 2013[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Comunidade armênia prospera no Brasil, mas não abandona luta pela memória do massacre Archived 10 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine. By Breno Salvador. O Globo, 24 April 2015
  20. ^ "Federal Senate of Brazil Recognizes Armenian Genocide". Armenian Weekly. 3 June 2015. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  21. ^ Bedevyan, Astghik (18 January 2011). "Հունաստանի հայ համայնքը պատրաստվում է Հայաստանի նախագահի հետ հանդիպմանը [Armenian community of Greece preparing for the meeting with the Armenian president]" (in Armenian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Armenian Service. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  22. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 100.
  23. ^ "Foreign Ministry: 89,000 minorities live in Turkey". Today's Zaman. 15 December 2008. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  24. ^ "More than half of 4–5 million Islamized Armenians confess that their ancestors have been Armenian". Public Radio of Armenia. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  25. ^ Basyurt, Erhan (26 December 2005). "Anneannem bir Ermeni'ymiş! [My Grandmother is Armenian]". Aksiyon (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 300 bin rakamının abartılı olduğunu düşünmüyorum. Bence daha da fazladır. Ama, bu konu maalesef akademik bir çabaya dönüşmemiş. Keşke akademisyen olsaydım ve sırf bu konu üzerinde bir çalışma yapsaydım.
  26. ^ Canada National Household Survey, Statistics Canada, 2021, retrieved 20 December 2022{{citation}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link). Of those, 38,010 reported single and 30,835 mixed Armenian ancestry.
  27. ^ Harutyunyan, Gagik (2009). ՀԱՅԿԱԿԱՆ ՏԵՂԵԿԱՏՎԱԿԱՆ ՀԱՄԱՅՆՔԱՅԻՆ ՌԵՍՈՒՐՍՆԵՐԸ ՀԵՏԽՈՐՀՐԴԱՅԻՆ ԵՐԿՐՆԵՐՈՒՄ (PDF). p. 117. ISBN 9789939900070.
  28. ^ "Narodowy Spis Powszechny 2011 (Polish Census of 2011)". Główny Urząd Statystyczny (Polish Central Statistical Office). 2011. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Բելգիայում հայերի ներկայությունն անփոխարինելի է. Բրյուսելի քաղաքապետ". 1lurer. 22 February 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Armenian Diaspora in Spain". Embassy of the Republic of Armenia to Spain. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  31. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2020 года". Комитет по статистике Министерства национальной экономики Республики Казахстан. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  32. ^ "Ancestry | Australia | Community profile". profile.id.com.au. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  33. ^ "Diaspora – United Arab Emirates".
  34. ^ "CBS Statline".
  35. ^ "Bevolking; geslacht, leeftijd, generatie en migratieachtergrond, 1 januari" (in Dutch). Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). 22 July 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  36. ^ "Armenia: Ancient and premodern Armenia". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2018. The Armenians, an Indo-European people, first appear in history shortly after the end of the 7th century BCE[, d]riving some of the ancient population to the east of Mount Ararat [...]
  37. ^ Richard G. Hovannisian, The Armenian people from ancient to modern times: the fifteenth century to the twentieth century, Volume 2, p. 421, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997.
  38. ^ "Armenian (people) | Description, Culture, History, & Facts". Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  39. ^ see Hastings, Adrian (2000). A World History of Christianity. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 289. ISBN 978-0-8028-4875-8.
  40. ^ "Armenia first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion". Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2007.


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