Global Information Lookup Global Information

Amhara genocide information


Amhara genocide
Funeral services for victims of mass murders in the city of Mai-kadra held at Abu Aregawi Church.png
Funeral services for the victims of mass murders in the city of Maikadra[1]
Native name የዐማራውን ዘር የማጥፋት ጭፍጨፋ በኢትዮጵያ
Date1990–present (large scale since 2018)
TimeOngoing
DurationOver three decades
LocationEthiopia
  • Oromia, and Harerghe
  • Annexed Amhara lands in Tigray region
  • Benishangul-Gumuz & Metekel
  • Southern region- SNNPR
  • Amhara region
TypeEthnically targeted & massacred
  • Ethnically motivated mass violence
  • Ethnic federalism and restructuring
  • Annexation
  • Self determination
  • Northern Ethiopia war
MotiveAnti-Amhara sentiment, anti-Orthodox sentiment, ethnic federalism, ethnic cleansing
Participants
  • Oromo OLF-OLA, Shene, Oneg and Qeerroo youth groups
  • Tigray TPLF, TDF and Samri youth groups
  • Gumuz extremist, others in SNNPR
  • Alleged state collaborators
Outcome
  • Genocide
  • Series of massacres
  • 2 million+ could not be traced: fatalities and enforced disappearances part of this figure[2][3]
  • 11 million+ war attack survivors with critical need, 2 million+ displaced[4][5]
  • Genocidal rape, Weaponized SGBV, Induced infertility
  • Abduction and enslavement
  • Destruction of many villages, towns, cities, harvest, farm animals

The Amhara genocide is an ongoing systematic massacre of ethnic Amhara and Agew people in Ethiopia since 1990.[6][3][7] Large-scale killings and grave human rights violations followed the implementation of the ethnic-federalist system in the country.[8][9][10] In most of the cases, the mass murders were silent with perpetrators from various ethno-militant groups— from Tigray TPLF or TDF,[11] Oromo OLF–OLA,[12] which are also known as Sene/Shane (ሸኔ),[13] Oneg (ኦነግ),[14][15] and the Gumuz[16][17] armed groups.[18][19] Ethnically motivated attacks[20][21] against the Amhara have been reported,[22][23] with mass graves continuously discovered in various locations.[24] Many from the victim side stated that attempts to investigate and to uncovering data expose them to various forms of persecution.[25][26][27] However, the results of two consecutive National Census Analyses[28] and a report by the State revealed that over 2 million Amhara could not be traced. The figure reflects the decades-long massacres and enforced disappearances of the Amhara people.[2][3] From the ongoing nature of the violence,[29][30][22][31] the actual number is expected to be higher.[32][26][27]

A report by the CIA describes the Liberation Front groups that were formed in March 1975 as insurgents committed to independence from the central Ethiopian government, with the TPLF seeking Tigray autonomy or hegemony.[33] The TPLF-designed Manifesto[34][35] is criticized for incorporating polarizing contents that symbolize the Amhara people as the responsible ethnic group for socio-economical, and country-level political and historical issues.[36] Cases of previous resentments between ethnic Tigrean and Amhara rulers were described as rivalries for control of the country, seeking recognition as the legitimate defender of Ethiopian culture, and Christian Orthodoxy. This one-religion, generalizing characterization of both groups is considered a narrative that contradicts historical records.[37][38]

The systematic murder of Amhara elites, including internationally renowned diplomats, began in 1975 following the rise of the Dergue;[39] however, the mass violence against ordinary Amhara, its intellectuals, and civic leaders would not commence until 1990, with the armed Liberation Front groups occupying many parts of the country.[40][41] At the end of the 17-year communist era in 1991, the ethno-nationalist groups controlled full power.[42] The scale and frequency of attacks intensified after this major regime change.[43][44] The Tigray TPLF groups became the dominant-minority leader[45][46] and ruled the country for twenty-seven years as the EPRDF coalition— a political entity that evolved from the Marxist–Leninist rebels movement. However, the regime collapsed in 2018 with a year-long mass protests, a series of unrests, and election- and administration-related tensions built during its period.[47]

Following the 2018 EPRDF political reform, the Oromo-dominated Prosperity Party secured the position to rule the country,[48] with the exclusion of TPLF.[49] This power conflict led to the November 2020 Tigray War that lasted for about 9 months with alleged atrocities in the region. Reports revealed that the Tigray Samri youth groups massacred the Amhara in the TPLF-annexed town of Mai-Kadra.[50][51] After the withdrawal of government forces from Tigray, the TPLF or TDF forces invaded Amhara and Afar regions in June 2021,[52][53][54] massacring and causing severe destructions that are reported as serious war crimes against civilians.[55][56] The regime change and events of the war expanded the map and volume of the Amhara mass killings in various places: Oromia, Benishangul-Gumuz & Metekel, Tigray, the southern SNNPR, and the Amhara regions.[57][28]

  1. ^ "Amhara Massacre in Mai Kadra: A Report on the Deadliest Civilian Massacre Ethiopia" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). November 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  2. ^ a b Abegaz, Berhanu (March 2015). "Three Million Amara are Missing: An Analysis based on the 1994 and the 2007 Ethiopian Population Censuses". Docplayer. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  3. ^ a b c Genocide of Amhara. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2022 – via YouTube.
  4. ^ "Ethiopia: More Than 11 Million People in Amhara State in Need of Food Assistance, Region Hosting 263,000 IDPs". AllAfrica. 21 March 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  5. ^ "Internally Displaced People exceeding to 2 million in Amhara Region". Addis Insight. 12 November 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  6. ^ "Lemkin Institute Statement on the Ongoing Violence Against the Amhara People" (PDF). Lemkin Institute for Genocide Prevention. Retrieved 23 June 2022.
    • Abebe, Tewodros (18 July 2022). "Opinion The Ethiopian genocide commands attention". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
    • Tesfaw, Muluken (19 April 2022). The Amhara Holocaust: Accounts of the Hidden Genocide of the Amhara People in Ethiopia: 1991- 2015. Talem Publishers. ASIN B09YCBX9W3.
    • Alehegn, Derese (19 April 2022). A study of the genocide and ethnic cleansing of the Amhara ethnic: Genocide and ethnic cleansing of the Amhara. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. ISBN 978-6202797498.
    • "Hundreds killed in ethnic attack in Ethiopia's Oromia region, US refrains from making public decision on genocide in Ethiopia". The National News. 20 June 2022. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
    • Berhanu, Girma (13 April 2022). "Victims And Victimization In Ethiopian Politics: Targeting The Amhara On Three Fronts – OpEd". Eurasia Review News Analysis. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: In the shadow of the elections, Amharas are massacred in silence". European Times. 21 June 2021. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
    • Tesfaw, Muluken (19 April 2022). The Amhara Holocaust: Accounts of the Hidden Genocide of the Amhara People in Ethiopia: 1991- 2015. Talem Publishers. ASIN B09YCBX9W3.
    • "750 civilians killed in Amhara in half of 2021: Rights body". Al Jazeera. 11 March 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  7. ^ Lyons, Terrence (24 June 2019). "Transnational Advocacy: Genocide or Terrorism?". Genocide Studies and Prevention. International Association of Genocide Scholars. 13 (2): 14–21. doi:10.5038/1911-9933.13.2.1702. S2CID 198579764. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • Yeshaw, Tekle (2007). ምጽአተ ዐማራ Mitsaete Amhara [The Plight of the Amara] (in Amharic). Gaithersburg, MD, USA: Moresh Wegenie Amara Organization. ISBN 978-0-578-18351-0.
    • "Genocide Committed against the Amara (Amhara) in Ethiopia, specifically the Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State, Metekel Zone, Special Report on Genocide against the Amara (Amhara)" (PDF). Moresh Wegenie Amara Organization. 18 August 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1992, ETHIOPIA". US Department of State. February 1993. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Information on the treatment of Amharas in Addis Ababa". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. February 1993. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Human Rights Developments, ETHIOPIA". Human Rights Watch. 1993. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
    • "The Hidden Massacre of Amharas & Christians in Arsi". Ethiopian Information Service Network (S.H.I.N.E). 4 December 1991. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Genocide Background". United Nations. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "UNTOLD MASSACRES AGAINST ETHNIC AMHARAS IN ETHIOPIA" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). April 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "EVIL DAYS 30 YEARS OF WAR AND FAMINE IN ETHIOPIA" (PDF). Human Rights Watch. 25 April 2021. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  8. ^ "Ethiopia's Constitution of nineteen ninety-four" (PDF). Constitute Project. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  9. ^ Brietzke, Paul H. (28 July 2009). "Ethiopia's "Leap in the Dark": Federalism and Self-Determination in the New constitution". Journal of African Law. Cambridge University Press. 39: 19–38. doi:10.1017/S0021855300005866. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference :37 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ "Amhara Massacre in Mai Kadra: A Report on the Deadliest Civilian Massacre Ethiopia" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). November 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Tigray Forces Summarily Execute Civilians". Human Rights Watch. 9 December 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Summary killings, rape and looting by Tigrayan forces in Amhara". Amnesty International. 16 February 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "War crimes of TPLF forces in North Wollo Zone in Ethiopia's Amhara Region" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 10 February 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Summary of Atrocities Committed by Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) Forces Occupying Amhara Region" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 12 September 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Armed group attacked village killing ethnic Amharas, destroying homes". Amnesty International. 2 November 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "More than 287 ethnic Amharas were brutally massacred in two major Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) terror attacks in the North Shewa Zone of the Amhara Region" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 21 September 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "At least 194 Amharas killed, 212 wounded in 'deadliest' OLF attack on North Shewa Zone of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 8 April 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  13. ^ "OLF: OROMO LIBERATION FRONT (SHANE SPLINTER FACTION)". Ethiopia Peace Observatory. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia to designate TPLF, OLF-Shene as 'terror' groups". Al Jazeera. 1 May 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "OLF-Shene, TPLF Should be Labeled as Terrorists, MPs Ask – Ethiopian Monitor". Ethiopian Monitor. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  14. ^ "OROMO LIBERATION FRONT (OLF) - ADDA BILISUMMAA OROMOO (ABO)". Ethiopia Peace Observatory. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  15. ^ "Ethiopia to designate TPLF, OLF-Shene as 'terror' groups". Al Jazeera. 1 May 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  16. ^ "Ethnic Cleansing in Ethiopia". Harvard Political Review. 19 April 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  17. ^ "Ethiopia: At least 100 dead surge of violence against ethnic minorities". Amnesty International. 23 December 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  18. ^ Ethiopia: Events of 2020. Human Rights Watch. 14 December 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  19. ^ "ETHIOPIA 2020 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT" (PDF). Ethiopian Human Rights Commission. 30 March 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "UNHCR Position on Returns to Ethiopia". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. March 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Country policy and information note: Oromos, the Oromo Liberation Front and the Oromo Liberation Army, Ethiopia (accessible)". UK Government. 22 March 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  20. ^ Bemeraab Wollega zone Babo Gambela woreda betefetseme yezer matfat megabit 22 2013 amete meheret በምዕራብ ወለጋ ዞን ባቦ ጋምቤል ወረዳ በተፈፀመ የዘር ማጥፋት መጋቢት 22 2013 አ/ም [Genocide in Western Wollega Zone, Babo Gambela district and other places] (in Amharic). 31 March 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2022 – via YouTube.
  21. ^ Wollega wust zare ketegedelu wust 186 Amharoch wust 72tu hitsanat nachew kebotaw yederesen simut ወለጋ ውስጥ ዛሬ ከተገደሉት 186 አማሮች ውስጥ 72ቱ ህፃናት ናቸው ከቦታው የደረስንን ስሙት [Interview with survivors from Western Wollga: 186 Amhara killed; 72 of them are Children]. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2022 – via YouTube.
  22. ^ a b "Ethiopia arrests 4,000 in Amhara region crackdown, local state media report". Reuters. 23 May 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  23. ^ "Ethiopia: Information on the All Amhara People's Organisation (AAPO) including its leaders, name of president since 1985, whether the office in Dire Dawa is open, procedure for membership, whether AAPO issues identity cards and maintains membership lists, address, phone and fax numbers of office in Addis Ababa". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 1 October 1997. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Accountability past and present: Human rights in transition". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 1 April 1995. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Further information on Ethiopia: fear of ill-treatment / legal concern: Dr Alemayehu Teferra, and 18 university students: Anteneh Aregaw, Anteneh Ownetu, Bahru Temesgen, Berhanu Mulunesh, Gite (second name unknown)". Amnesty International. 29 April 1993. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: After a year of protests, time to address grave human rights concerns". Amnesty International USA. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "EU should not tolerate Ethiopia's repression". Human Rights Watch. 18 February 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "One Hundred Ways of Putting Pressure": Violations of Freedom of Expression and Association in Ethiopia (Report). Human Rights Watch. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Country reports on human rights practices : report submitted to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives and Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate by the Department of State in accordance with sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended". US Department of State. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  24. ^ "Ethiopian Region Claims 7000 Civilians Killed by Tigray Forces". Bloomberg L.P. 14 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: Mass graves found – Amhara officials". BBC News. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Researchers Discover more Mass Graves of Ethnic Amharas". Walta Information. 5 April 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • Mass Crimes of the TPLF: U of Gondar Researchers Unearth Mass Graves and Underground Prisons. 18 April 2022. Retrieved 12 May 2022 – via YouTube.
    • Garrison, Ann (27 April 2022). "Notes from Wartorn Ethiopia, Part III: Crimes of the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front". Black Agenda Report. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  25. ^ "Journalists, general, militiamen arrested in Ethiopia's Amhara". Reuters. 20 May 2022. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
    • "Wife says Ethiopian general arrested after criticising government". TimesLIVE. 21 May 2022. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Journalist Meaza Mohammed Arrested At Her House in Addis Abeba". allAfrica. 11 December 2021. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
    • "Journalist Meaza Mohammed arrested". Mereja TV. 11 December 2021. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
    • "Journalist Eskinder Nega re-arrested in Ethiopia". International Press Institute. 26 March 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopian blogger Eskinder Nega jailed for 18 years". BBC News. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Police Detain Terara Network Founder and Editor-in-Chief Tamerat Negera". allAfrica.com. 10 December 2021. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  26. ^ a b "Genocide & the Politics of Numbers – Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies". The Society Pages. 22 December 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  27. ^ a b Stone, Lewi (2 January 2019). "Quantifying the Holocaust: Measuring murder rates during the Nazi genocide". The Conversation. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  28. ^ a b "Democracy under threat in Ethiopia hearing First Session, 9 March 2017 Serial No. 115-9". U.S. House of Representatives. 9 March 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  29. ^ Cite error: The named reference :35 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  30. ^ "Ethiopia: more than 200 Amhara people killed in attack blamed on rebels". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
    • "Over 200 Feared Dead in Ethiopia Massacre". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
    • "Between 18 and 19 April 2022, at least 12 Amhara civilians were killed, an additional 22 were injured and 125 houses were burned by Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) paramilitary forces in Efratana Gidim and Kewet Woredas of North Shewa Zone in Ethiopia's Amhara Region" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 4 May 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia Peace Observatory Weekly: 16–22 April 2022 [EN/AM] – Ethiopia". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. 27 April 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Reported fighting in Ephrata Gidim area of North Shoa". Borkena Ethiopian News. 20 April 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  31. ^ "Annual Human Right Report: NEGLECTED MASSACRES AGAINST AMHARAS, May 2022" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 26 May 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  32. ^ "Ethiopian Region Claims 7,000 Civilians Killed by Tigray Forces". Bloomberg L.P. 14 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  33. ^ Cite error: The named reference :3 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  34. ^ "People's Democratic Programme Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) Adopted by the Second Organizational Congress of the TPLF May 1983 (earlier version is 1976)" (PDF). MIA: History: Encyclopedia of anti-Revisionism On-Line. May 1983. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  35. ^ "A Political History of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (1975–1991): Revolt, Ideology, and Mobilisation in Ethiopia". Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. 1 July 2009. S2CID 155714134. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  36. ^ Stanton, Gregory (17 October 2013). "The Eight Stages of Genocide". Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  37. ^ Ofcansky, Thomas; Berry, LaVerle (July 1991). "Ethiopia: a country study. Federal Research Division" (PDF). Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  38. ^ Cite error: The named reference :6 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  39. ^ "Ethiopia: The Mengistu Regime and Its Impact". memory.loc.gov. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  40. ^ "The Hidden Massacre of Amharas & Christians in Arsi". Ethiopian Information Service Network (S.H.I.N.E). 4 December 1991. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  41. ^ "EVIL DAYS 30 YEARS OF WAR AND FAMINE IN ETHIOPIA" (PDF). Human Rights Watch. 25 April 2021. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  42. ^ Krauss, Clifford (28 May 1991). "ETHIOPIAN REBELS STORM THE CAPITAL AND SEIZE CONTROL". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  43. ^ "Genocide Committed against the Amara (Amhara) in Ethiopia, specifically the Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State, Metekel Zone, Special Report on Genocide against the Amara (Amhara)" (PDF). Moresh Wegenie Amara Organization. 18 August 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  44. ^ Yeshaw, Tekle (2007). ምጽአተ ዐማራ Mitsaete Amhara [The Plight of the Amara] (in Amharic). Gaithersburg, MD, USA: Moresh Wegenie Amara Organization. ISBN 978-0-578-18351-0.
    • "Ethiopia: Information on the treatment of Amharas by the EPRDF". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 1 July 1993. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Researchers Discover more Mass Graves of Ethnic Amharas". Walta Information. 5 April 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  45. ^ "'These changes are unprecedented': how Abiy is upending Ethiopian politics". The Guardian. 8 July 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  46. ^ Cite error: The named reference :7 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  47. ^ "Rise and fall of Ethiopia's TPLF – from rebels to rulers and back". The Guardian. 25 November 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Crackdown Spreads Beyond Capital". Human Rights Watch. 15 June 2005. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Reporters Without Borders Annual Report 2007 – Ethiopia". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. 1 February 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Freedom of the Press – Ethiopia (2006)". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. 27 April 2006. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – Ethiopia". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "U.S. Department of State Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2005 – Ethiopia". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. 8 March 2006. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "World Report: Ethiopia". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. March 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: After a year of protests, time to address grave human rights concerns". Amnesty International USA. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Dozens killed as police use excessive force against peaceful protesters in Ethiopia". Amnesty International USA. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Legal Analysis of Ethiopia's State of Emergency". United Nations High Commission for Refugees. 31 October 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "DIVIDE, DEVELOP, AND RULE: HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN ETHIOPIA.CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW & ADVOCACY" (PDF). University of Wyoming College of Law. June 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  48. ^ Lyons, Terrence (2 August 2021). "The Origins of the EPRDF and the Prospects for the Prosperity Party". Journal of Asian and African Studies. 56 (5): 1051–1063. doi:10.1177/00219096211007658. S2CID 236898698.
  49. ^ "Ethiopia's prime minister wants to change the ruling coalition. Who's getting left out?". The Washington Post. 23 December 2019. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  50. ^ "Amhara Massacre in Mai Kadra: A Report on the Deadliest Civilian Massacre Ethiopia" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). November 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • Amharas in Maikadra traumatized by massacre. 17 July 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022 – via YouTube.
    • Questions linger among the corpses of an Ethiopian massacre. 26 November 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2022 – via YouTube.
    • Ethiopia: Events of 2020. Human Rights Watch. 14 December 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  51. ^ "ETHIOPIA 2020 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT" (PDF). Ethiopian Human Rights Commission. 30 March 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • Amharas in Maikadra traumatized by massacre. 17 July 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022 – via YouTube.
  52. ^ Cite error: The named reference :8 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  53. ^ "Ethiopia: leaders of Tigray region admit they attacked neighbouring Amhara". The Guardian. 14 November 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  54. ^ "Ethiopia: Tigray Forces Summarily Execute Civilians". Human Rights Watch. 9 December 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  55. ^ "Ethiopia: Tigrayan forces murder, rape and pillage in attacks on civilians in Amhara towns". Amnesty International. 16 February 2022. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Survivors of TPLF attack in Amhara describe gang rape, looting and physical assaults". Amnesty International. 9 November 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "War crimes of TPLF forces in North Wollo Zone in Ethiopia's Amhara Region" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 10 February 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Weaponized Rape by Tigrayan paramilitary forces and militias in Ethiopia's Amhara Region" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 16 March 2022.
    • "Summary of Atrocities Committed by Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) Forces Occupying Amhara Region" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 12 September 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "TPLF militias kill at least 33 Amhara civilians during occupation of Debre Sina town and Termaber Woreda in North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia between 22 November and 1 December 2021" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 1 February 2022. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Special Report: Sexual and Gender Based Violence in North and South Gonder Zones of Amhara Region by Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) militias" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 31 October 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • Dahir, Abdi Latif (10 December 2021). "Tigray Rebels Executed Dozens of Civilians, Report Says". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Update on the massacre of Amharas in Were Babu Woreda, Debub (South) Wollo Zone by the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF)" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 15 September 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "At least 600 killed in Mai Kadra massacre: Ethiopian rights body". Al Jazeera. 24 November 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Massacre of Amhara civilians in Kobo town and surrounding areas in the North Wollo Zone of Amhara Region by Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF)" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 26 September 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Report on Massacre of Amhara civilians in Gashena town of Amhara Region by the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF)" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 26 September 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Humanitarian Situation Update on Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocidal War waged on the Amhara People: 3 August 2021" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 2 August 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Humanitarian Situation Update on Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) Genocidal War waged on the Amhara People: 27 July 2021" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 26 July 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
    • "Humanitarian Situation Update on Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) War on Amhara People: 24 July 2021" (PDF). Amhara Association of America (AAA). 23 July 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  56. ^ Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (PDF). International Criminal Court. 2011. ISBN 978-92-9227-232-6. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  57. ^ "AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 2020/21 THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S HUMAN RIGHTS" (PDF). Amnesty International. June 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2022. "UNFPA ETHIOPIA RESPONSE TO THE NORTHERN ETHIOPIA CRISIS Situation Report (1–15 October 2021)". UNFPA Ethiopia. November 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Ethiopia: Model letter to the Government to end and investigate state sponsored violence in the Amhara and Oromia regions". Amnesty International. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • Zelalem, Zecharias (20 March 2021). "Worsening violence in western Ethiopia forcing civilians to flee". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
    • "Gunmen kill 30 people in western Ethiopia, witnesses say". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 12 May 2022.

and 35 Related for: Amhara genocide information

Request time (Page generated in 0.234 seconds.)

Amhara genocide

Last Update:

The Amhara genocide is an ongoing systematic massacre of ethnic Amhara and Agew people in Ethiopia since 1990. Large-scale killings and grave human rights...

Word Count : 20081

Amhara people

Last Update:

: 6  Emperor of the Ethiopian Empire Amhara genocide Amhara Region Amhara Region coup d'état attempt Bete Amhara Ethiopian nationalism Ethiopians Fano...

Word Count : 7947

Mai Kadra massacre

Last Update:

stating that some of the suspects were defeated during the Tigray War. Amhara genocide In Ethiopia ID cards include one's ethnic identification. Rights, UN...

Word Count : 3504

Gimbi massacre

Last Update:

attack is an example of the series of Amhara massacres occurred in 2022, and is part of the decades long Amhara genocide in Ethiopia. A witness told the Associated...

Word Count : 1313

War crimes in the Tigray War

Last Update:

zone was run by Amhara Region authorities, with humanitarian access "only possible through Amhara Region". In November 2020, Genocide Watch upgraded its...

Word Count : 4715

Predictions of a genocide in Ethiopia

Last Update:

Predictions of a genocide in Ethiopia of Tigrayans, Amharas and Oromos, in the event of the TDF–OLA joint offensive leading to the Tigray People's Liberation...

Word Count : 1027

Tigray War

Last Update:

Federal Police, regional police, and gendarmerie forces of the neighbouring Amhara and Afar regions with the involvement of the Eritrean Defence Forces (EDF)...

Word Count : 21732

The Holocaust in Belarus

Last Update:

Rudling (2013). John-Paul Himka; Joanna Beata Michlic (eds.). Invisible Genocide. The Holocaust in Belarus. Bringing the Dark Past to Light. University...

Word Count : 1797

Tigray Defense Forces

Last Update:

Tigray region". The Telegraph. "Genocide and Crime Against Humanity Being Committed by TPLF Terroris Group in Amhara Region | Zehabesha: Ethiopian News...

Word Count : 3109

2021 Ethiopian general election

Last Update:

was dissolved on 1 December 2019. Three of its four-member parties, the Amhara Democratic Party (ADP), Oromo Democratic Party (ODP) and Southern Ethiopian...

Word Count : 2479

Ethnic discrimination in Ethiopia

Last Update:

ethnicization", and "ethnic profiling". During the Haile Selassie period, Amhara elites perceived the southern minority languages as an obstacle to the development...

Word Count : 2681

Ethiopia

Last Update:

involved militias from the Gumuz people against Amharas and Agaws. In March 2020, the leader of an Amhara militia called Fano, Solomon Atanaw, stated that...

Word Count : 29893

Abiy Ahmed

Last Update:

Christian Oromo. Despite some sources claiming that his mother was an ethnic Amhara, Abiy said in an Oromia Broadcasting Network interview that both of his...

Word Count : 16737

Anuak people

Last Update:

in the area, as opposed to the "highlanders." The latter, including the Amhara, Oromo, and Tigrayan ethnicities, comprise the majority of the population...

Word Count : 1649

Oromia

Last Update:

region in Ethiopia. It is bordered by the Somali Region to the east; the Amhara Region, the Afar Region and the Benishangul-Gumuz Region to the north; Dire...

Word Count : 3281

Oromo Liberation Front

Last Update:

the Oromo people inhabiting today's Oromia Region and Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. The OLF has offices in Addis Ababa, Washington, D.C...

Word Count : 6326

List of wars by death toll

Last Update:

soldiers which are the results of war-induced epidemics, famines, atrocities, genocide, etc. Note 1: The geometric mean is the middle of the quoted range, taken...

Word Count : 6121

Derg

Last Update:

more possible. Both Derg and Haile Selassie government relocated numerous Amharas into southern Ethiopia, including present-day of the Oromia region, where...

Word Count : 4065

Italian Ethiopia

Last Update:

territory of the Ethiopian Empire which now constituted the Governorates of Amhara, Harar, Galla-Sidamo, and Scioa after the establishment of Italian East...

Word Count : 3497

Haile Selassie

Last Update:

criminalized any language. The Haile Selassie government relocated numerous Amharas into southern Ethiopia where they served in government administration,...

Word Count : 16551

Hachalu Hundessa riots

Last Update:

communist regime. However, Neftengna is a name often related to the ethnic Amhara, the second most populous ethnic group in Ethiopia. Interfaith tensions...

Word Count : 3846

List of ethnic slurs

Last Update:

29 March 2021. Tesfaye, Amanuel (4 May 2018). "Commentary:The Birth of Amhara Nationalism: Causes, Aspirations, and Potential Impacts". Addis Standard...

Word Count : 12423

History of Ethiopia

Last Update:

include many other primarily Afro-Asiatic-speaking communities, including Amhara, Oromos, Somalis, Tigray, Afars, Sidama, Gurage, Agaw and Harari, among...

Word Count : 14170

Oromo conflict

Last Update:

was banned and speakers were privately and publicly mocked to help the Amhara culture and language dominate the Oromo people. In 1967, the imperial regime...

Word Count : 3003

Africa

Last Update:

Sudan. In the Horn of Africa, some Ethiopian and Eritrean groups (like the Amhara and Tigrayans, collectively known as Habesha) speak languages from the Semitic...

Word Count : 18538

Battle of Gondar

Last Update:

November 1941, during the East African Campaign. Gondar was the main town of Amhara in the mountains north of Lake Tana in Ethiopia, at an elevation of 7,000 ft...

Word Count : 1154

List of ongoing armed conflicts

Last Update:

Official". www.barrons.com. "Death toll from clashes between Ethiopian Amhara, Oromo groups rises to 50 -residents". Reuters. 20 April 2021. "Tracking...

Word Count : 5308

List of assassinations in Africa

Last Update:

during the Amhara Region coup d'état attempt June 22, 2019 Major General Gezae Abera , Aide to General Mekonnen Killed during the Amhara Region coup...

Word Count : 258

Menelik II

Last Update:

and into the reign of Empress Zewditu. Menelik was the son of the Shewan Amhara king, Negus Haile Melekot, and probably of the palace servant girl Ejigayehu...

Word Count : 8354

List of contemporary ethnic groups

Last Update:

resulted in the majority only speaking Amharic or Oromo. During the Armenian genocide that occurred in the Turkish part of Greater Armenia (usually called Western...

Word Count : 2361

Sultanate of Ifat

Last Update:

war of aggression. He invaded the Christian Abyssinian territory in the Amhara kingdom, burnt churches and forced apostasy among Christians. He also seized...

Word Count : 4315

Italians of Ethiopia

Last Update:

of Abyssinia in 1936. Italian Ethiopia was made of Harrar, Galla-Sidamo, Amhara and Scioa Governorates in summer 1936 and became a part of the Italian colony...

Word Count : 1622

Meles Zenawi

Last Update:

old imperial rule of Amhara people. Meanwhile, the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), while drafting the constitution counted Amharas and Tigrayans dominated...

Word Count : 8267

Caste systems in Africa

Last Update:

the Amhara people of Ethiopia includes castes. According to Donald Levine – a professor of Sociology specializing in Ethiopian society, the Amhara society...

Word Count : 13391

History of Somalia

Last Update:

he was able to defeat the Solomonids at the battles of Serjan and Zikr Amhara and consequently pillaged the surrounding areas. Many similar battles were...

Word Count : 15170