Global Information Lookup Global Information

Alexandria information


Alexandria
الإسكندرية (Arabic)
  • Standard Arabic:al-Iskandariyya
    Egyptian Arabic:Eskenderiyya
Αλεξάνδρεια (Greek)
  • Αλεξάνδρεια:Alexandria
    Ρακώτις:Rhakotis
Metropolis
Alexandria
View of the Waterfront
Alexandria
Citadel of Qaitbay
Alexandria
Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Alexandria
Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque
Alexandria
Stanley Bridge
Alexandria
Pompey's Pillar
Flag of Alexandria
Nicknames: 
Mediterranean's Bride, Pearl of the Mediterranean, Aleks
Alexandria is located in Egypt
Alexandria
Alexandria
Location in Egypt
Alexandria is located in Africa
Alexandria
Alexandria
Alexandria (Africa)
Coordinates: 31°11′51″N 29°53′33″E / 31.19750°N 29.89250°E / 31.19750; 29.89250
CountryEgypt
GovernorateAlexandria
Founded331 BC
Founded byAlexander the Great
Government
 • GovernorMohamed Taher El-Sherif[2][3]
Area
 • Total1,661 km2 (641 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2023)
 • Total6,100,000[1]
DemonymsAlexandrian, Alexandrine (Arabic: إسكندراني)
GDP
[4]
 • MetroEGP 566 billion
(US$ 36 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EGY)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3
Postal code
21xxx
Area code(+20) 3
Websitealexandria.gov.eg
Preview warning: Page using Template:Infobox settlement with unknown parameter "population_total _density..."

Alexandria (/ˌælɪɡˈzændriə, -ˈzɑːn-/ AL-ig-ZA(H)N-dree-ə;[5] Arabic: الإسكندرية;[a] Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια[b], Coptic: Ⲣⲁⲕⲟϯ - Rakoti or ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ) is the second largest city in Egypt and the largest city on the Mediterranean coast. It lies at the western edge of the Nile River delta. Founded in c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great,[9] Alexandria grew rapidly and became a major centre of Hellenic civilization, eventually replacing Memphis, in present-day Greater Cairo, as Egypt's capital. Called the "Bride of the Mediterranean" internationally,[10] Alexandria is a popular tourist destination and an important industrial centre due to its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez.

The city extends about 40 km (25 mi) along the northern coast of Egypt and is the largest city on the Mediterranean, the second-largest in Egypt (after Cairo), the fourth-largest city in the Arab world, the ninth-largest city in Africa, and the ninth-largest urban area in Africa.

The city was founded originally in the vicinity of an Egyptian settlement named Rhacotis (that became the Egyptian quarter of the city). Alexandria grew rapidly, becoming a major centre of Hellenic civilisation and replacing Memphis as Egypt's capital during the reign of the Ptolemaic pharaohs who succeeded Alexander. It retained this status for almost a millennium, through the period of Roman and Eastern Roman rule until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641 AD, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo).

Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its Great Library, the largest in the ancient world; and the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. Alexandria was the intellectual and cultural centre of the ancient Mediterranean for much of the Hellenistic age and late antiquity.[9] It was at one time the largest city in the ancient world before being eventually overtaken by Rome.

The city was a major centre of early Christianity and was the centre of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, which was one of the major centres of Christianity in the Eastern Roman Empire. In the modern world, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria both lay claim to this ancient heritage. By 641, the city had already been largely plundered and lost its significance before re-emerging in the modern era.[11] From the late 18th century, Alexandria became a major centre of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centres in the world, both because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean and Red Seas and the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton.

  1. ^ "Major Agglomerations of the World - Population Statistics and Maps". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  2. ^ "Alexandria Governor". Archived from the original on 12 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Article on OrthodoxTimes.com". Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  4. ^ "GDP BY GOVERNORATE", mped.gov.eg
  5. ^ "Alexandria". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Travel in Egypt: Alexandria". Arab Academy. 10 August 2016. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2020.; Fideler, David (1 January 1993). Alexandria 2. Red Wheel/Weiser. ISBN 978-0-933999-97-8. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  7. ^ Michael Haag (2004). Alexandria: City of Memory. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-10415-8. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  8. ^ Fowden, Garth (26 February 2019). Apollo-University of Cambridge Repository. "Alexandria between Antiquity and Islam". Millennium Jahrbuch. doi:10.17863/CAM.37202. Archived from the original on 8 February 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  9. ^ a b Justin Pollard; Howard Reid (30 October 2007). The Rise and Fall of Alexandria: Birthplace of the Modern World. Viking. p. 2-7. ISBN 978-0-14-311251-8.
  10. ^ "Egypt's 'bride of the Mediterranean' is a year-round destination for tourists | Marwa al-A'sar". AW. Archived from the original on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  11. ^ "The Lighthouse Dims". Foreign Policy. 23 December 2014. Archived from the original on 9 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.


Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

and 25 Related for: Alexandria information

Request time (Page generated in 0.7071 seconds.)

Alexandria

Last Update:

Alexandria (/ˌælɪɡˈzændriə, -ˈzɑːn-/ AL-ig-ZA(H)N-dree-ə; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια, Coptic: Ⲣⲁⲕⲟϯ - Rakoti or ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ) is the second largest...

Word Count : 9863

Library of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Great Library of Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. The library was part...

Word Count : 9979

Of Alexandria

Last Update:

which are referred to as "of Alexandria". Ammonius of Alexandria (3rd century AD), a Greek philosopher from Alexandria and one of the founders of Neoplatonism...

Word Count : 739

Church of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Church of Alexandria in Egypt is the Christian Church headed by the patriarch of Alexandria. It is one of the five sees of the pentarchy, alongside...

Word Count : 162

History of Alexandria

Last Update:

The history of Alexandria dates back to the city's founding, by Alexander the Great, in 331 BC. Yet, before that, there were some big port cities just...

Word Count : 4691

Athanasius of Alexandria

Last Update:

Athanasius I of Alexandria (c. 296–298 – 2 May 373), also called Athanasius the Great, Athanasius the Confessor, or, among Coptic Christians, Athanasius...

Word Count : 8006

Cyril of Alexandria

Last Update:

Cyril of Alexandria (Ancient Greek: Κύριλλος Ἀλεξανδρείας; Coptic: Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲩ ⲁ̅ or ⲡⲓ̀ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ Ⲕⲓⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲥ; c. 376–444) was the Patriarch of Alexandria from...

Word Count : 5958

Asking Alexandria

Last Update:

Asking Alexandria are an English rock band formed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and now based in York, North Yorkshire, consisting of guitarist Cameron...

Word Count : 7540

Hero of Alexandria

Last Update:

Hero of Alexandria (/ˈhɪəroʊ/; Greek: Ἥρων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, Hērōn hò Alexandreús, also known as Heron of Alexandria /ˈhɛrən/; fl. 60 AD) was a Greek mathematician...

Word Count : 2444

Patriarch of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Patriarch of Alexandria is the archbishop of Alexandria, Egypt. Historically, this office has included the designation "pope" (etymologically "Father"...

Word Count : 1358

Hypatia

Last Update:

mathematician who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, then part of the Eastern Roman Empire. She was a prominent thinker in Alexandria where she taught philosophy...

Word Count : 10400

List of cities founded by Alexander the Great

Last Update:

Thus, Alexandria Opiane and Alexandria Kapisa are considered to be names for Alexandria in the Caucasus; Alexandria near Baktra and Alexandria Oxiana...

Word Count : 1950

Alexandria Arachosia

Last Update:

Alexandria in Arachosia (Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἀραχωσίας) also known as Alexandropolis (Ἀλεξανδρόπολις) was a city in ancient times that is now called Kandahar...

Word Count : 594

Alexandria Corniche

Last Update:

promenade corniche in Alexandria, Egypt, running along the Eastern Harbour. It is one of the major corridors for traffic in Alexandria. The Corniche is formally...

Word Count : 159

Catherine of Alexandria

Last Update:

Catherine of Alexandria, also spelled Katherine (Greek: Αίκατερίνη) is, according to tradition, a Christian saint and virgin, who was martyred in the early...

Word Count : 4516

Lighthouse of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, sometimes called the Pharos of Alexandria (/ˈfɛərɒs/ FAIR-oss; Ancient Greek: ὁ Φάρος τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας, romanized: ho Pháros...

Word Count : 3468

Clement of Alexandria

Last Update:

Titus Flavius Clemens, also known as Clement of Alexandria (Ancient Greek: Κλήμης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 150 – c. 215 AD), was a Christian theologian and philosopher...

Word Count : 8005

List of Greek Orthodox patriarchs of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Greek Orthodox patriarch of Alexandria has the title Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa. The term "Greek" is a religious identifier and...

Word Count : 642

Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa (Ancient Greek: Πατριαρχεῖον Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ πάσης Ἀφρικῆς, romanized: Patriarcheîon Alexandreías...

Word Count : 2797

Alexandria in the Caucasus

Last Update:

Alexandria in the Caucasus (Ancient Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια; medieval Kapisa, modern Bagram) was a colony of Alexander the Great. It was one of many colonies...

Word Count : 632

Alexandria Eschate

Last Update:

Alexandria Eschate (Attic Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἐσχάτη, Doric Greek: Αλεχάνδρεια Ἐσχάτα, romanized: Alexandria Eschata, "Furthest Alexandria") was a city...

Word Count : 1421

Coptic Orthodox Church

Last Update:

Alexandria, is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, in Africa and the Middle East. The head of the church and the See of Alexandria is...

Word Count : 7177

Battle of Alexandria

Last Update:

of Alexandria, Raid on Alexandria, or Siege of Alexandria may refer to one of these military operations fought in or near the city of Alexandria, Egypt:...

Word Count : 246

Alexandria Airlines

Last Update:

from Alexandria to Amman and Kuwait. As of March 2023, Alexandria Airlines operates to the following destinations: As of April 2022[update], Alexandria Airlines...

Word Count : 265

Timocharis

Last Update:

Timocharis of Alexandria (Greek: Τιμόχαρις or Τιμοχάρης, gen. Τιμοχάρους; c. 320–260 BC) was a Greek astronomer and philosopher. Likely born in Alexandria, he was...

Word Count : 542

PDF Search Engine © AllGlobal.net