Global Information Lookup Global Information

Alexandria information

الإسكندرية (Arabic)
  • Standard Arabic:al-Iskandariyya
    Egyptian Arabic:Eskenderiyya
ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ, ⲣⲁⲕⲟϯ (Coptic)
  • ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ:[citation needed]Alexandria
    ⲣⲁⲕⲟϯ:[citation needed]Rakotī
Αλεξάνδρεια (Greek)
  • Αλεξάνδρεια:Alexandria
View of the Waterfront
Montaza Palace
Citadel of Qaitbay
Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque
Stanley Bridge
Statue of Alexander the Great
Alexandria Opera House
Graeco-Roman Museum
Pompey's Pillar
Flag of Alexandria
Mediterranean's Bride, Pearl of the Mediterranean, Aleks
Alexandria is located in Egypt
Location in Egypt
Alexandria is located in Africa
Alexandria (Africa)
Coordinates: 31°11′51″N 29°53′33″E / 31.19750°N 29.89250°E / 31.19750; 29.89250Coordinates: 31°11′51″N 29°53′33″E / 31.19750°N 29.89250°E / 31.19750; 29.89250
Founded331 BC
Founded byAlexander the Great
 • GovernorMohamed Taher El-Sherif[2][3]
 • Total1,661 km2 (641 sq mi)
5 m (16 ft)
 • Total6,100,000[1]
DemonymsAlexandrian, Alexandrine (Arabic: إسكندراني)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3
Postal code
Area code(+20) 3
Preview warning: Page using Template:Infobox settlement with unknown parameter "population_total _density..."

r-ꜥ-qd(y)t (Alexandria)[4][5]
Egyptian hieroglyphs

Alexandria (/ˌælɪɡˈzændriə, -ˈzɑːn-/ AL-ig-ZA(H)N-dree-ə;[6] Arabic: الإسكندرية;[a] Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια)[b] is the second largest city in Egypt, and the largest city on the Mediterranean coast. Founded in c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great,[10] Alexandria grew rapidly and became a major centre of Hellenic civilisation, eventually replacing Memphis, in present-day Greater Cairo, as Egypt's capital. During the Hellenistic period, it was home to the Lighthouse of Alexandria, which ranked among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, as well as the storied Library of Alexandria. Today, the library is reincarnated in the disc-shaped, ultramodern Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Its 15th-century seafront Qaitbay Citadel is now a museum. Called the "Bride of the Mediterranean" by locals,[11] Alexandria is a popular tourist destination and an important industrial centre due to its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez.

The city extends about 40 km (25 mi) along the northern coast of Egypt, and is the largest city on the Mediterranean, the second-largest in Egypt (after Cairo), the fourth-largest city in the Arab world, the ninth-largest city in Africa, and the ninth-largest urban area in Africa.

The city was founded originally in the vicinity of an Egyptian settlement named Rhacotis (that became the Egyptian quarter of the city). It retained this status for almost a millennium, through the period of Roman and Eastern Roman rule until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641 AD, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo).

Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its Great Library, the largest in the ancient world; and the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. Alexandria was the intellectual and cultural centre of the ancient Mediterranean for much of the Hellenistic age and late antiquity.[10] It was at one time the largest city in the ancient world before being eventually overtaken by Rome.

The city was a major centre of early Christianity and was the centre of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, which was one of the major centres of Christianity in the Eastern Roman Empire. In the modern world, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria both lay claim to this ancient heritage. By 641, the city had already been largely plundered and lost its significance before re-emerging in the modern era.[12] From the late 18th century, Alexandria became a major centre of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centres in the world, both because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean and Red Seas and the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton.

  1. ^ "Major Agglomerations of the World - Population Statistics and Maps". Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  2. ^ "Alexandria Governor". Archived from the original on 12 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Article on". Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  4. ^ Erman, Adolf, and Hermann Grapow, eds. 1926–1953. Wörterbuch der aegyptischen Sprache im Auftrage der deutschen Akademien. 6 vols. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'schen Buchhandlungen. (Reprinted Berlin: Akademie-Verlag GmbH, 1971).
  5. ^ John Baines, "Possible implications of the Egyptian word for Alexandria", Journal of Roman Archaeology, Vol. 16 (2003), pp. 61–63. (Appendix to Judith McKenzie, "Glimpsing Alexandria from archaeological evidence Archived 11 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine".)
  6. ^ "Alexandria". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Travel in Egypt: Alexandria". Arab Academy. 10 August 2016. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2020.; Fideler, David (1 January 1993). Alexandria 2. Red Wheel/Weiser. ISBN 978-0-933999-97-8. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  8. ^ Michael Haag (2004). Alexandria: City of Memory. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-10415-8. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  9. ^ Fowden, Garth (26 February 2019). Apollo-University of Cambridge Repository. "Alexandria between Antiquity and Islam". Millenium Jahrbuch. doi:10.17863/CAM.37202. Archived from the original on 8 February 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  10. ^ a b Justin Pollard; Howard Reid (30 October 2007). The Rise and Fall of Alexandria: Birthplace of the Modern World. Viking. p. 2-7. ISBN 978-0-14-311251-8.
  11. ^ "Egypt's 'bride of the Mediterranean' is a year-round destination for tourists | Marwa al-A'sar". AW. Archived from the original on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  12. ^ "The Lighthouse Dims". Foreign Policy. 23 December 2014. Archived from the original on 9 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.

Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

and 23 Related for: Alexandria information

Request time (Page generated in 0.6156 seconds.)


Last Update:

Alexandria (/ˌælɪɡˈzændriə, -ˈzɑːn-/ AL-ig-ZA(H)N-dree-ə; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια) is the second largest city in Egypt, and the largest...

Word Count : 10550

Library of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Great Library of Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. The Library was part...

Word Count : 9796

Church of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Church of Alexandria in Egypt is the Christian Church headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria. It is one of the original Apostolic Sees of Christianity...

Word Count : 162

Asking Alexandria

Last Update:

Asking Alexandria are a British rock band from York, North Yorkshire, consisting of guitarists Ben Bruce and Cameron Liddell, drummer James Cassells, lead...

Word Count : 6750

Athanasius of Alexandria

Last Update:

Athanasius I of Alexandria (c. 296–298 – 2 May 373), also called Athanasius the Great, Athanasius the Confessor, or, among Coptic Christians, Athanasius...

Word Count : 7883

Theophilus of Alexandria

Last Update:

Theophilus of Alexandria may refer to: Theophilus I of Alexandria, ruled in 385–412 Theophilus II (Coptic patriarch of Alexandria), ruled in 952–956 Theophilus...

Word Count : 79

Patriarch of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Patriarch of Alexandria is the archbishop of Alexandria, Egypt. Historically, this office has included the designation "pope" (etymologically "Father"...

Word Count : 1381

Cyril of Alexandria

Last Update:

of Alexandria (Ancient Greek: Κύριλλος Ἀλεξανδρείας; Coptic: Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲩ ⲁ̅ also ⲡⲓ̀ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ Ⲕⲓⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲥ; c. 376 – 444) was the Patriarch of Alexandria from...

Word Count : 4529


Last Update:

mathematician who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, then part of the Eastern Roman Empire. She was a prominent thinker in Alexandria where she taught philosophy...

Word Count : 10488

Hero of Alexandria

Last Update:

Hero of Alexandria (/ˈhɪəroʊ/; Greek: Ἥρων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, Hērōn hò Alexandreús, also known as Heron of Alexandria /ˈhɛrən/; fl. 60 AD) was a Greek mathematician...

Word Count : 2377

Clement of Alexandria

Last Update:

Titus Flavius Clemens, also known as Clement of Alexandria (Ancient Greek: Κλήμης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 150 – c. 215 AD), was a Christian theologian and philosopher...

Word Count : 7310

History of Alexandria

Last Update:

The history of Alexandria dates back to the city's founding, by Alexander the Great, in 331 BC. Yet, before that, there were some big port cities just...

Word Count : 4686

Lighthouse of Alexandria

Last Update:

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, sometimes called the Pharos of Alexandria (/ˈfɛərɒs/; Ancient Greek: ὁ Φάρος τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας, contemporary Koine Greek...

Word Count : 3458

Alexandria in the Caucasus

Last Update:

Alexandria in the Caucasus (Ancient Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια) (medieval Kapisa, modern Bagram) was a colony of Alexander the Great (one of many colonies designated...

Word Count : 617

Of Alexandria

Last Update:

which are referred to as "of Alexandria". Ammonius of Alexandria (3rd century AD), a Greek philosopher from Alexandria and one of the founders of Neoplatonism...

Word Count : 739

Alexandria International Championships

Last Update:

The Alexandria International Championships or International Championships of Alexandria was a men's and women's international clay court tennis tournament...

Word Count : 305

Catherine of Alexandria

Last Update:

Catherine of Alexandria (also spelled Katherine) is, according to tradition, a Christian saint and virgin, who was martyred in the early fourth century...

Word Count : 4424

Pope John of Alexandria

Last Update:

(I) of Alexandria (496–505) Patriarch John III (II) of Alexandria (505–516) Pope John III of Alexandria (677–688) Pope John IV of Alexandria (776–799)...

Word Count : 185

Battle of Alexandria

Last Update:

of Alexandria, Raid on Alexandria, or Siege of Alexandria may refer to one of these military operations fought in or near the city of Alexandria, Egypt:...

Word Count : 246

Alexandria Arachosia

Last Update:

Alexandria in Arachosia (Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἀραχωσίας) also known as Alexandropolis (Ἀλεξανδρόπολις) was a city in ancient times that is now called Kandahar...

Word Count : 576

List of cities founded by Alexander the Great

Last Update:

Thus, Alexandria Opiane and Alexandria Kapisa are considered to be names for Alexandria in the Caucasus; Alexandria near Baktra and Alexandria Oxiana...

Word Count : 1952

Coptic Orthodox Church

Last Update:

and the Middle East. The head of the church and the See of Alexandria is the Pope of Alexandria on the Holy Apostolic See of Saint Mark, who also carries...

Word Count : 6188

Orthodox Church of Alexandria

Last Update:

Orthodox Church of Alexandria may refer to: Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria, one of the autoencephalous churches of the Eastern Orthodox Church Coptic...

Word Count : 74

PDF Search Engine ©