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2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine information


2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Part of the Russo-Ukrainian War
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.svg
Military situation as of 3 December 2022
   Controlled by Ukraine
   Controlled by Russia

Detailed map
Date24 February 2022 (2022-02-24) – present
(9 months, 1 week and 3 days)
Location
Ukraine[c]
Status Ongoing (list of engagements · territorial control · timeline of events)
Belligerents

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Russia

  • 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Donetsk People's Republic[a]
  • 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Luhansk People's Republic[a]
Supported by:
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Belarus[b]
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Ukraine
Commanders and leaders
  • Russia Vladimir Putin
  • Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy
Units involved
Order of battle Order of battle
Strength
  • 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Russia: ~175,000–190,000[6][7]
  • DPR: 20,000[8]
  • LPR: 14,000[8]
  • 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Ukraine:
    • 196,600 (armed forces)
    • 102,000 (paramilitary)[9]
Strength estimates are as of the start of the invasion.
Casualties and losses
Reports vary widely, see Casualties for details.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine in a major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War, which began in 2014. The invasion has likely resulted in tens of thousands of deaths on both sides and caused Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II,[10][11] with an estimated 8 million people being displaced within the country by late May as well as 7.8 million Ukrainians fleeing the country as of 8 November 2022.[12][13][14][15] Within five weeks of the invasion, Russia experienced its greatest emigration since the 1917 October Revolution.[16] The invasion has also caused global food shortages.[17][18]

Following the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution, Russia annexed Crimea, and Russian-backed paramilitaries seized part of the Donbas region of south-eastern Ukraine, which consists of Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts, sparking a regional war.[19][20] In March 2021, Russia began a large military build-up along its border with Ukraine, eventually amassing up to 190,000 troops and their equipment. Despite the build-up, denials of plans to invade or attack Ukraine were issued by various Russian government officials up to the day before the invasion.[24] On 21 February 2022, Russia recognised the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic, two self-proclaimed breakaway quasi-states in the Donbas.[25] The next day, the Federation Council of Russia authorised the use of military force and Russian troops entered both territories.[26]

The invasion began on the morning of 24 February,[27] when Russian president Vladimir Putin announced a "special military operation"[28] aiming for the "demilitarisation" and "denazification" of Ukraine.[29][30] In his address, Putin espoused irredentist views,[31] challenged Ukraine's right to statehood,[32][33] and falsely[34] claimed Ukraine was governed by neo-Nazis who persecuted the ethnic Russian minority.[35] Minutes later, missiles, rockets and airstrikes hit across Ukraine, including the capital Kyiv, followed by a large ground invasion from multiple directions.[36][37] Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy enacted martial law and a general mobilisation.[38][39] Russian attacks were initially launched on a northern front from Belarus towards Kyiv, a north-eastern front towards Kharkiv, a southern front from Crimea, and a south-eastern front from Luhansk and Donetsk.[40][41] Russia's advance towards Kyiv stalled in March, with Russian troops retreating from the northern front by April. On the southern and south-eastern fronts, Russia captured Kherson in March and then Mariupol in May after a siege. On 19 April, Russia launched a renewed attack on the Donbas region, with Luhansk Oblast fully captured by 3 July.[42] Russian forces continued to bomb both military and civilian targets far from the frontline.[43][44] Ukrainian forces launched counteroffensives in the south in August, and in the northeast in September, successfully recapturing the majority of Kharkiv Oblast. Soon after, Russia announced the illegal annexation of four partially occupied Ukrainian oblasts. In the course of the southern counteroffensive, Ukraine retook Kherson in November.

The invasion has received widespread international condemnation. The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution condemning the invasion and demanding a full withdrawal of Russian forces.[45] The International Court of Justice ordered Russia to suspend military operations and the Council of Europe expelled Russia. Many countries imposed sanctions on Russia, as well as on its ally Belarus, which have affected the economies of Russia and the world,[46] and provided humanitarian and military aid to Ukraine,[47] totaling over $80B from 40 countries as of August 2022.[48] Protests occurred around the world; those in Russia were met with mass arrests and increased media censorship,[49][50] including a ban on the words "war" and "invasion".[37][51] Over 1,000 companies have pulled out of Russia and Belarus in response to the invasion.[52] The International Criminal Court has opened an investigation into crimes against humanity in Ukraine since 2013, including war crimes in the 2022 invasion.[53]


Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ Lister, Tim; Kesa, Julia (24 February 2022). "Ukraine says it was attacked through Russian, Belarus and Crimea borders". Kyiv: CNN. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  2. ^ Murphy, Palu (24 February 2022). "Troops and military vehicles have entered Ukraine from Belarus". CNN. Archived from the original on 23 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  3. ^ Rodionov, Maxim; Balmforth, Tom (25 February 2022). "Belarusian troops could be used in operation against Ukraine if needed, Lukashenko says". Reuters. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  4. ^ "Missiles launched into Ukraine from Belarus". BBC News. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  5. ^ Karmanau, Yuras; Heintz, Jim; Isachenkov, Vladimir; Litvinova, Dasha (1 March 2022). "Ukrainian Official Says Belarus Has Joined the War, as Russia Pummels Kharkiv". Associated Press. Kyiv: TIME. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  6. ^ Barnes, Julian E.; Crowley, Michael; Schmitt, Eric (10 January 2022). "Russia Positioning Helicopters, in Possible Sign of Ukraine Plans". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 January 2022. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  7. ^ Bengali, Shashank (18 February 2022). "The U.S. says Russia's troop buildup could be as high as 190,000 in and near Ukraine". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 18 February 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  8. ^ a b Hackett, James, ed. (February 2021). The Military Balance 2021 (1st ed.). Abingdon, Oxfordshire: International Institute for Strategic Studies. ISBN 978-1-03-201227-8. OCLC 1292198893. OL 32226712M.
  9. ^ The Military Balance 2022. International Institute for Strategic Studies. February 2022. ISBN 9781000620030.
  10. ^ Keane, Daniel; Blake, Elly (14 March 2022). "What is the Homes for Ukraine refugees scheme and how do you apply?". Evening Standard. ISSN 2041-4404. Archived from the original on 14 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  11. ^ Pita, Antonio; Costa, Raúl Sánchez (3 March 2022). "Ukrainian exodus could be Europe's biggest refugee crisis since World War II". El País. ISSN 0213-4608. Archived from the original on 5 April 2022. Retrieved 9 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Refugees fleeing Ukraine (since 24 February 2022)". UNHCR. 2022. Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  13. ^ "UNHCR: Ukraine, other conflicts push forcibly displaced total over 100 million for first time". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
  14. ^ "Needs Growing for Over 8 Million Internally Displaced in Ukraine". International Organization for Migration.
  15. ^ "Ukraine". IDMC. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference :3 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ Barbaro, Michael; Chaturvedi, Asthaa; Szypko, Rob; Quester, Rachel; Johnson, Michael; Baylen, Liz O.; Daniel, Chelsea; Powell, Dan; Lozano, Marion (5 April 2022). "How the War in Ukraine is Creating a Global Food Crisis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  18. ^ "The coming food catastrophe". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  19. ^ Kirby, Jen; Guyer, Jonathan (24 February 2022). "Russia's war in Ukraine, explained". Vox. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  20. ^ "Conflict in Ukraine". Global Conflict Tracker. Council on Foreign Relations. 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  21. ^ Cite error: The named reference Deny was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  22. ^ Cite error: The named reference denials was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  23. ^ Cite error: The named reference Czech was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  24. ^ [21][22][23]
  25. ^ Hernandez, Joe (22 February 2022). "Why Luhansk and Donetsk are key to understanding the latest escalation in Ukraine". NPR. Archived from the original on 22 February 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  26. ^ Hodge, Nathan (22 February 2022). "Russia's Federation Council gives consent to Putin on use of armed forces abroad, Russian agencies report". CNN International. Moscow. Archived from the original on 22 February 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  27. ^ Nikolskaya, Polina; Osborn, Andrew (24 February 2022). "Russia's Putin authorises 'special military operation' against Ukraine". Reuters. Moscow. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  28. ^ Osborn, Andrew; Nikolskaya, Polina; Nikolskaya, Polina (24 February 2022). "Russia's Putin authorises 'special military operation' against Ukraine". Reuters. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  29. ^ Grunau, Andrea; von Hein, Matthias; Theise, Eugen; Weber, Joscha (25 February 2022). "Fact check: Do Vladimir Putin's justifications for going to war against Ukraine add up?". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  30. ^ Waxman, Olivia B. (3 March 2022). "Historians on What Putin Gets Wrong About 'Denazification' in Ukraine". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. OCLC 1311479. Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  31. ^ "Russia's invasion of Ukraine". The Economist. 26 February 2022. ISSN 0013-0613. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022. Though the target of Mr. Putin's tirade on February 21st was Ukraine, the former Soviet republics now in NATO, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, have cause for alarm over his irredentism.
  32. ^ Perrigo, Billy (22 February 2022). "How Putin's Denial of Ukraine's Statehood Rewrites History". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. OCLC 1311479. Archived from the original on 22 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  33. ^ "Putin Says He Does Not Plan to 'Restore Empire'". Moscow Times. 22 February 2022. OCLC 1097137921. Archived from the original on 22 February 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  34. ^ Tabarovsky, Izabella; Finkel, Evgeny (27 February 2022). "Statement on the War in Ukraine by Scholars of Genocide, Nazism and World War II". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  35. ^ Abbruzzese, Jason (24 February 2022). "Putin says he is fighting a resurgence of Nazism. That's not true". NBC News. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  36. ^ "Russia attacks Ukraine". CNN International. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  37. ^ a b Kirby, Paul (9 March 2022). "Why is Russia invading Ukraine and what does Putin want?". BBC News. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  38. ^ "Ukrainian president signs decree on general mobilisation of population -Interfax". Reuters. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  39. ^ "Zelensky signs decree declaring general mobilization". Interfax-Ukraine. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  40. ^ "Ukraine rejects Russian demand to surrender port city of Mariupol in exchange for safe passage". CBS News. 20 March 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  41. ^ "Ukraine refuses to surrender Mariupol as scope of human toll remains unclear". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 March 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  42. ^ Balmforth, Tom (4 July 2022). "Analysis: Russia hails capture of Luhansk region, but big Ukraine battles lie ahead". Reuters. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  43. ^ Myre, Greg (26 June 2022). "Russia bombs Kyiv in a weekend missile barrage across Ukraine". NPR. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  44. ^ "Russia hits Lviv again as Putin's campaign of terror focuses on Ukraine's shell-shocked east". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  45. ^ "UN resolution against Ukraine invasion: Full text". Al Jazeera. 2 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022. The General Assembly ... [d]eplores in the strongest terms the aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine in violation of Article 2 (4) of the Charter
  46. ^ Chernova, Anna; Cotovio, Vasco; Thompson, Mark (28 February 2022). "Sanctions slams Russian economy". CNN. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  47. ^ Cite error: The named reference Al-Jazeera-2022-02-28 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  48. ^ Antezza, Arianna; Frank, Andre; Frank, Pascal; Franz, Lukas; Kharitonov, Ivan; Kumar, Bharath; Rebinskaya, Ekaterina; Trebesch, Christoph (16 June 2022). "The Ukraine Support Tracker: Which countries help Ukraine and how?". Kiel Working Papers. 2218.
  49. ^ Morin, Rebecca; Subramanian, Courtney; Collins, Michael; Garrison, Joey; Groppe, Maureen (24 February 2022). "World leaders condemn Russian invasion of Ukraine; EU promises 'harshest' sanctions – live updates". USA Today. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  50. ^ Stewart, Briar; Seminoff, Corinne; Kozlov, Dmitry (24 February 2022). "More than 1,700 people detained in widespread Russian protests against Ukraine invasion". CBC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  51. ^ Simon, Scott (5 March 2022). "Russian law bans journalists from calling Ukraine conflict a 'war' or an 'invasion'". NPR. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  52. ^ "Over 1,000 Companies Have Curtailed Operations in Russia—But Some Remain | Yale School of Management". som.yale.edu. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  53. ^ Corder, Mike (3 March 2022). "ICC prosecutor launches Ukraine war crimes investigation". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 16 April 2022. Retrieved 9 May 2022.

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